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creep deformation

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stresses. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 6 Logarithmic plot of stress-rupture stress versus rupture life for Co-Cr-Ni-base alloy S-590. The significance of inflection points A, B, N, O, and Y is explained in the text. Source: Ref 10 Fig. 4 Typical creep deformation and intergranular cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... creep deformation and intergranular cracking in a jet-engine turbine blade. Courtesy of J. Schijve Fig. 10 Power-law dependence of creep crack growth with K in less ductile materials. Source: Ref 19 Fig. 16 Grain-boundary carbide films in a Waspaloy forging. The films...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at carbides and other microconstituents, especially in single crystal castings that do not possess grain boundaries. gas turbine engine components creep deformation overheating nickel-base superalloy interdendritic stress-rupture fracture stress-rupture testing stress-rupture life Cast nickel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Microscopic Investigations Accelerated Creep Testing Coarse-Grained Zone Replica Technique Cracks in the Manifold Oxidation Notch Ductility Deformation Mechanism Grain Size Deformation Capability Residual Life The results of the chemical analysis of the material from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Society of Mechanical Engineers , 2019 5. Frost H.J. and Ashby M.F. , Deformation-Mechanism Maps: The Plasticity and Creep of Metals and Ceramics , Pergamon Press , 1982 6. Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Vol 8 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2000 10.31399...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... “Characterization of Plastics in Failure Analysis” in this Volume. Under circumstances in which metals may be regarded as purely elastic, polymers may deform nonelastically; that is, in a viscoelastic fashion. Their stress-strain response is nonlinear with time-dependent (creep) deformation; consequently...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., the blow pipe was exposed to high temperatures when the liner cracked and subsequently bulged out due to creep. refractory-lined pipe creep deformation overheating carbon steel voids scale grain boundary oxidation grain coarsening microstructural examination strength P265GH (nonresulfurized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was detected that could be attributed to extensive creep deformation. The general appearance of the tubing surface was dark because of the carburization that normally occurs during the high-temperature operation. Nondestructive Evaluation Metallography Chemical Analysis/Identification Mechanical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... little or no effect. The cases examined show that knowledge is incomplete in regard to graphitization, and the prediction of its occurrence is not yet possible. pressure vessels piping creep deformation cracking high temperatures low alloy steel cracking perforations metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... temperature, carbon could diffuse into the matrix and form blocky carbide precipitates in the matrix. In addition, because of creep deformation, cracks in the matrix could nucleate at cracks in the protective oxide layer, and thus carbon in the gaseous environment could easily diffuse into the tube material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... structural components superplastic deformation boundary sliding dislocation creep high-strength low alloy steel decohesions traction testing grain size elongation Ti-Nb microalloyed ultrafine-grained steel (UGS steel, general) high-strength low-alloy steel (HSLA steel, general) Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...). The resultant elastic/plastic/creep deformation analysis indicated that a severe thermal downshock could explain the pattern and that one or more downshocks of less than 260 °C (500 °F) but more than 65 °C (150 °F) could have been involved. Thus, the root cause of the failure was thermal fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... 3. The deformation in Tube 4 was likely the result of steam washing from the Tube 3 failure. Graphitization observed remote from the rupture in Tube 3 and in Tube 4 indicated that adjacent tubing also was susceptible to creep failure. In-situ metallography identified other graphitized tubes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Fracture-mode identification chart Table 1 Fracture-mode identification chart Method Instantaneous failure mode (a) Progressive failure mode (b) Ductile overload Brittle overload Fatigue Corrosion Wear Creep Visual, 1 to 50× (fracture surface) Necking or distortion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... from corrosion, including coating degradation, is excessive. Grain-boundary attack and/or pitting by oxidation/hot corrosion is excessive. Foreign object damage is severe. Destructive sampling and testing indicate life exhaustion. Excessive deformation has occurred due to creep, causing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... sequence of failure involved overheating of the Cr-Mo outlet tubes, heavy oxidation, oxide cracking on thermal cycling, thermal fatigue cracking plus oxidation, creep-controlled crack growth, and rapid plastic deformation and rupture. This failure was indicative of excess temperature of the steam coming...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Snow D. , Plant Engineer’s Reference Book , Elsevier , 2001 , p 33/8 10.1016/B978-075064452-5/50063-8 When a material is subjected to sufficient stress and temperature, a diffusion-controlled deformation process known as creep occurs. The stress required for creep deformation may...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., as will the long term (creep rupture) strength of the material. Creep deformation of the hydrated nylon will proceed more rapidly than that in the dry material at the same level of stress. Hydrocarbon liquids will have similar effects on polyethylene. In crosslinked rubber products, swelling will result when...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Engineered components fail predominantly in four major ways: fracture, corrosion, wear, and undesirable deformation (i.e., distortion). Typical fracture mechanisms feature rapid crack growth by ductile or brittle cracking; more progressive (subcritical) forms involve crack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... also describes the general features of fatigue fractures in terms of crack initiation and fatigue crack propagation. brittle fracture crack initiation creep fracture deformation ductile fracture failure analysis fatigue crack growth fatigue crack propagation fatigue fracture fractography...