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crack nucleation

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Area of sharp lack of penetration at crack nucleation site More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 6 Intergranular nature of fracture surface near crack nucleation site More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on characterizing the fracture-surface appearance at the microscale and contains some discussion on both crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms that cause the fracture appearance. It begins with a discussion on microscale models and mechanisms for deformation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001582
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... that was engaged in a blind hole in the cylinder block. The failures were caused by loose tolerances on the threads that resulted in a non-uniform distribution of load. The load was concentrated on the last threads to engage, thus causing fatigue crack nucleation at the thread root and propagation until the rod...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... along the through-thickness direction. The presence of extensive decarburization and formation of a soft ferrite band within the fusion zone may have contributed to the nucleation of the cracks. Crack propagation was aided by the presence of exogenous inclusions entrapped within the fusion zone...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Fractographic examination of the fracture surfaces at low magnification revealed their brittle nature. The presence of chevron marks on the fracture surfaces ( Fig. 4 ) indicated lack of ductility for the material as well as the direction of crack propagation. Both crack nucleation sites, as shown in Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0046981
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... nucleated exhibited corrosion pits. Such pits act as notches and are likely sites for nucleation of fatigue cracks. The corrosion pits were the result of intergranular attack by the corrosive environment and the depletion of chromium from the grain-boundary areas. Depletion of chromium ultimately resulted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... stress points, which were apparently near the outer diameter. The cracks nucleated in the badly pitted and corroded areas. The material was of acceptable cleanliness with respect to nomnetallic inclusions. An etch of 2% nital revealed a mixed microstructure of predominantly tempered martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Mechanical Properties Hardness Discussion Optical metallography revealed several pits in the regions where cracklike defects were observed. Fine cracks originated at pit bottoms and extended across the thickness of the convolutes, suggesting that pits acted as sites for crack nucleation. The high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concepts. bending brittle fracture compression failure deformation ductile crack nucleation ductile fracture ductility fractography manufacturing imperfections metals microvoid coalescence notched specimen plastic flow root cause failure analysis single-crystal cleavage models specimen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to a better understanding of both crack nucleation in regions of localized strain and the subsequent crack growth mechanisms outside the plastic zone in the qualification of component designs or to conduct failure analyses. Infinite-Life Criterion (<italic>S</italic>-<italic>N</italic> Curves) The safe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... is significant because the user advised that the liners were not backed in the installation. Cracking was present in the microstructures of both liners. These cracks tend to fracture the brittle carbide phase first; once nucleated, the sharp cracks can propagate and grow to critical dimensions, which eventually...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... was the primary cause of failure. Rubbing of the faying surfaces worked the interference area on the post until small tears developed. These small tears became stress-concentration points that nucleated fatigue cracks. Recommendations included rounding the edge of the box in the area of contact with the post...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... revealed this area also displayed an intergranular texture. One of a group of small grinding cracks on the ID of the cylinder nucleated the failure. Other evidence indicated the cracks developed when the cylinder was ground during overhaul. Aircraft components Cylinders Grinding cracks Landing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... ns Cu 0.17 ns Fe Rem Rem ns, not specified Fig. 4 Photomicrograph showing the crack morphology observed at the failure adjacent to the outer diameter surface. Unetched. 38× Fig. 3 The inner diameter surface of the superheater tube, at the failure. The arrow indicates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0046238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
.... Visual examination revealed beach marks typical of fatigue cracks that had nucleated at the base of the longitudinal oil hole. Micrographs of sections revealed a remelt zone and an area of untempered martensite within the region of the cracks. However, review of inspection procedures disclosed the pins...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... was damaged, examination in the SEM revealed several areas of well-defined fatigue striations and microscopic crack growth bands, Figure 4 . A specific fatigue crack nucleation site could not be readily identified, but the orientation of the crack growth bands and striations in area A, Figure 3 , suggested...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001280
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and exit of products is achieved by the use of pigtails. Figure 4 clearly shows that the HK-40 reformed tubing failed by a cracking process initiating at the weld root. The mechanism of crack nucleation was related to the coalescence of creep cavities. Under the average service conditions of 840 °C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the screw as evidenced by the “lip” seen in Fig. 3 . This type of nucleation is typical for H 2 -induced cracking/blistering in electroplated carbon and low alloy steels. Observation of the fracture surface at high magnification near the ID clearly demonstrates the transition in the fracture mode ( Fig. 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... overstress as the smooth-textured fatigue zone was relatively large compared with the crystalline textured coarse final-fracture zone. The fatigue crack was nucleated by the nonmetallic inclusion that intersected the surface and initiated in the 0.25 mm radius fillet at a change in section due to stress...