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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., tested, delivered, and installed at a cost of more than $500,000. While some design weaknesses and manufacturing problems were evident, which detracted from the performance of the units, they did pass the acceptance tests laid down in the design specifications, right up to the final production trials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... enters testing and final production, follow-on engineering design phases may be undertaken, such as component improvement programs to enhance performance or life, repair programs to salvage hardware, and cost-reduction programs to reduce the production and procurement costs. While acknowledging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... demanded by the defense and aerospace industries. The relatively low tooling cost and remarkable material utilization due to chipless metal forming provide economic drivers, while the ability to achieve high strength finished product from low strength starting material is due to strain hardening. Flow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... functioning of equipment. Catastrophic failures of structural components occur rather infrequently, but when they do, they take a heavy toll on human lives in addition to the cost of repairs, replacement, and litigation costs. In 1982, the National Bureau of Standards commissioned a study to determine...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failures and to maintain safe and reliable functioning of equipment. Catastrophic failures of structural components occur rather infrequently, but when they do, they take a heavy toll on human lives in addition to the cost of repairs, replacement power, and litigation costs. In 1982, the National Bureau...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is an added requirement in the process and part specifications. It joins dimensions, tolerances, surface roughness, surface hardness, and microstructure as an essential specification for highly engineered components to satisfy modern concerns for safety, product reliability, and life-cycle costs. Dynamic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006866
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Microbial degradation in the environment is initiated by abiotic (nonliving physical or chemical) processes. Mechanical weathering and other mechanical processes are the main drivers of the initial degradation. This article presents an overview of weathering and biodegradation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... that the plastic part is expected to encounter. The problem with these tests is that they require an inordinate amount of time and cost, making them impractical for life prediction purposes. Field experience can also be very useful in determining the lifetime of a plastic part. Long-term experience gives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... affects a small volume of the material tested, and it often occurs over 10 8 cycles or more, which can represent tens of thousands of hours. The large number of cycles required means that life testing of bearings under standard operating conditions is generally considered cost-prohibitive. A number...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the actual cost of the de-oxidising additives is saved and the amount of ingot discard is reduced, a cheaper product results. The internal cavities in the rimming steel ingot have an unoxidised surface and mostly weld-up during the subsequent hot rolling of the ingot. The essential differences between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are going to be greatly affected by the elastic deformation of the teeth, the shafts, the housing, and the structure; all of those factors should be addressed in any failure analysis. Figure 11 shows a pair of gear teeth and the primary stresses on them. As power is being transmitted from the driver...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of reliability and increased economic costs. A failure investigation can determine the primary cause(s) of materials, components, or system degradation. Based on the analysis, corrective action to mitigate or eliminate future failures can be initiated. Analysis of the failure always begins...