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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run or interpret, have a tendency to be expensive and even cost prohibitive in some...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of analysis techniques will facilitate adequate, cost-effective, and timely identification of the causes of surface discoloration. Selected References Selected References • Newman J.G. , Chemical Characterization of Surfaces , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... and limitations of analysis techniques will facilitate adequate, cost-effective, and timely identification of the causes of surface discoloration. Selected References Selected References • Newman J.G. , Chemical Characterization of Surfaces , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Consequently, the approach is hardware-oriented, with the emphasis on ensuring that hardware is able to perform its intended function. Backup systems and redundancies are also used to reduce such risks. Through cost/benefit analysis, the performance of the system will have a computable value that can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of risk assessment have grown out of the search for system reliability. Consequently, the approach is hardware-oriented, with the emphasis on ensuring that hardware is able to perform its intended function. Backup systems and redundancies are also used to reduce such risks. Through cost/benefit analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001627
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... is achievable with relatively little analysis in some instances, while in others, more comprehensive studies are required and multiple analytical techniques must be applied. The extent of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run or interpret, have a tendency to be expensive and even cost prohibitive in some instances. Therefore, an understanding of the advantages and limitations of analysis techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis practitioner or for someone who is contemplating procurement of a cost-effective failure analysis of commodity-grade components suspected of hydrogen embrittlement. Some prevention strategies for design and manufacturing problem-induced hydrogen embrittlement are also provided. failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001625
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... are required and multiple analytical techniques must be applied. The extent of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the tubes, while water circulated through the tubes. Investigation (visual inspection, leak testing, history review, 100X micrographs etched in potassium dichromate, chemical analysis, and EDS and XRD analysis of internal tube deposits) supported the conclusion that the cause of the tube leaks was ammonia...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Spalled fragments from the work rolls of a steel bar straightening machine were received for failure analysis. Visual inspection coupled with optical and scanning electron microscopy were used as the principal analytical techniques for the investigation. Fractographic analysis revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0065827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., resistance to softening under frictional heating, wear resistance, ease of heat treatment, dimensional stability in heat treatment, grindability, low alloy cost, and so forth. The failure analysis revealed longitudinal Charpy V-notch (room temperature) impact strengths of 3 to 5 ft · lbf (4 to 6.8 J...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... solution was able to be retained. The additional cost of replacing the salvagable portion of the system, which might have been necessary if the analysis had not been successful, would have been about $1,000,000, excluding any cost penalties associated with delayed start-up of the plant. Conclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... cracking. Based on test data and cost, A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel would be a better alloy for the application. valve body corrosion H2S exposure Cr-Mo steel pitting cracks chemical analysis corrosion resistance A216-WCC (cast carbon steel) UNS J02503 A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel UNS K21590...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract An aluminum bronze bushing that serves as a guide in a crimping machine began to fail after 50,000 cycles or approximately two weeks of operation. Until then, typical run times had been on the order of months. Although the bushings are replaceable and relatively inexpensive, the cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... little analysis in some instances, while in others, more comprehensive studies are required and multiple analytical techniques must be applied. The extent of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... little analysis in some instances, while in others, more comprehensive studies are required and multiple analytical techniques must be applied. The extent of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that have been proved to reduce production costs while increasing production output. It cuts analysis time in half by eliminating the extensive administrative work that is usually associated with conducting RCA. The software also provides a standardized reporting format so that users and decision makers can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the electrochemical nature of corrosion and analyzes corrosion-related failures. It describes corrosion failure analysis and discusses corrective and preventive approaches to mitigate corrosion-related failures of metals. These include: change...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in failure analysis than the more exact instrumentation employed in SEMs, the technology is advancing and is worthy of note due to its capability for nondestructive analysis and application in the field. This article begins with information on the basis of the x-ray signal. This is followed by information...