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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 24 Total expected life-cycle cost as a function of safety index More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 19 Date stamp on the interior surface of this part provides a cost-effective means of tracing production parts back to specific processing conditions and resin lots. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001623
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run or interpret, have a tendency to be expensive and even cost prohibitive in some instances. Therefore, an understanding of the advantages...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of conceptual design, and examples of common part type or features are listed in Table 1 for various functions. Some parts may have more than one function, and often parts have special features to enhance manufacturing or reduce material costs. Examples of these are described in Table 2 . For economic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of conceptual design, and examples of common part types or features are listed in Table 1 for various functions. Some parts may have more than one function, and often parts have special features to enhance manufacturing or reduce material costs. Examples of these are described in Table 2 . For economic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of analysis that is conducted in a discoloration characterization study is virtually always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run or interpret, have a tendency to be expensive and even cost prohibitive in some...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001624
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... always limited by time and cost constraints. Techniques that require special sample preparation, as well as techniques that are lengthy to run or interpret, have a tendency to be expensive and even cost prohibitive in some instances. Therefore, an understanding of the advantages and limitations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the ammonia (prohibitively expensive in cost and time) or using an alternate material (such as a 70Cu-30Ni alloy or a more expensive titanium alloy) that is resistant to ammonia corrosion as well as to chlorides and sulfur species. Air cooling Ammonia Hydroelectric generators Hydroelectric power...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to detect a crack prior to the component leaking would involve frequent inspections at a given location and that the cost of the inspection program would far exceed the benefits of avoiding a leak. Instead, TU Electric locates these cracks by visually monitoring for leaks. Field experience with fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Lakes in zinc die castings are areas encompassed by irregular lines or waves on flat or slightly contoured surfaces which are intended to look uniform. The laked areas have to be removed by polishing before the castings can be plated. This adds considerably to the overall cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0065827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., and low alloy cost. A chip harvester made from this composition was tested in field with older composition knives. It was found that the new knives outperformed the older knives. The key to the development was interpreted to be careful study of a number of failed knives with different problems used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... concentrated ammonium nitrate solution. Recommendations included the cost-effective solution of applying a three-coat epoxy-type coating with a total dry thickness of 0.3 mm (0.013 in.) to the interior surfaces of the hoppers. Ammonium nitrate Epoxy Hoppers ASTM A611 ASTM A570 Intergranular fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... was removed in an effort to reduce cost and hence the shaft was subjected to increased vibration and shock loading. Insufficient fatigue limit of the shaft was revealed by fatigue testing of the shafts taken from stock in a rotating-beam machine. As a corrective measure, the fatigue limit of shafts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... caused by third-stage creep in tubes because of the cost involved in removing the catalysts. Cracking (fractoring) Radiography Reformer furnaces Tubes HK-40 UNS J94204 Creep fracture/stress rupture ( Ref 1 ). About 1 year after start-up, two steam-methane reformer furnaces were subjected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis practitioner or for someone who is contemplating procurement of a cost-effective failure analysis of commodity-grade components suspected of hydrogen embrittlement. Some prevention strategies for design and manufacturing problem-induced hydrogen embrittlement are also provided. failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... cracking. Based on test data and cost, A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel would be a better alloy for the application. valve body corrosion H2S exposure Cr-Mo steel pitting cracks chemical analysis corrosion resistance A216-WCC (cast carbon steel) UNS J02503 A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel UNS K21590...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract An aluminum bronze bushing that serves as a guide in a crimping machine began to fail after 50,000 cycles or approximately two weeks of operation. Until then, typical run times had been on the order of months. Although the bushings are replaceable and relatively inexpensive, the cost...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in severe work roll damage as well as machine downtime and increased maintenance costs. work rolls fracture surface-initiated spalling cast steel beach marks shear ledges (chevron rays) ratchet marks heat checks SEM fractography strain rate maximum shear stress H13 (chromium hot-work tool...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001559
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... cost of all the piping was estimated at over $1,000,000, not including potential cost penalties for delayed startup of the nuclear power plant. Pipe replacement costs were particularly high (approximately $2,000/ft.) due to the necessity to erect scaffolding, extensive welding in potentially...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
decreases part cost and increases dimensional stability. More