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corrosion-resistant metals

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., along with sooty residue. Patterns similar to those associated with erosion/corrosion damage were observed. Microstructural examination of wasted areas revealed a bulk matrix composed of massive carbides, indicating that gross carburization and metal dusting had occurred. X-ray diffraction analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046874
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... atmosphere. Recommendations included replacing all safety valves in the system with new open-top valves that had shot-peened and galvanized steel springs. Alternatively, the valve springs could be made from a corrosion-resistant metal-for example, a 300 series austenitic stainless steel or a nickel-base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to protective metal oxide films. Many corrosion-resistant metallic materials have a thin oxide film (i.e., a passive film formed on the surface) that blocks or minimizes the interaction between the surface and surrounding medium, thus suppressing corrosion reactions. When the materials are subjected to wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and seats. Visual examination revealed severe localized metal loss in the form of deep grooves with smooth and wavy surfaces. Metallographic analysis of the grooved areas revealed uniform metal loss. No evidence of intergranular or selective attack indicating erosion-corrosion was observed, Recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and the fuel core of spent fuel are presented in the next four sections. Oxide Films on Aluminum Aluminum is one of the most thermodynamically reactive metals. Aluminum owes its excellent corrosion resistance in most environments to the protective barrier oxide film formed and strongly bonded to its...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... resistance of the metal because the sites of the anodic and cathodic reactions are not known, nor are they predictable. However, it is possible to increase the electrical resistance of the electrolyte and thereby reduce corrosion. Very pure water is much less corrosive than impure or natural waters. The low...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and metal dusting, sulfidation, hot corrosion, chloridation, hydrogen interactions, molten metals, molten salts, and aging reactions including sensitization, stress-corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. It concludes with a discussion on various protective coatings, such as aluminide coatings, overlay...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Iron 11 72 Nickel 40 2 Chromium 2 11 Niobium 1 4 Manganese 1 5 Sulfur 45 4 Discussion Visual examination revealed general deterioration of the weld beads. Corrosion of this form indicates a general lack of corrosion resistance of the metal to its environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the tube alloy with the tube sheet eliminates one source of dissimilar-metal galvanic corrosion, and use of a nondendritic weld seam eliminates the other source of potential dissimilar-metal corrosion. In addition, type 304 stainless steel is reported to have a greater inherent resistance than the UNS...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by metal dissolution or oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It is not practical to increase the electrical resistance of the metal, because the sites of the anodic and cathodic reactions are not known, nor are they predictable. However, it is possible to increase the electrical resistance of the electrolyte and thereby reduce corrosion. Very pure water is much less corrosive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are prone to corrode by metal dissolution or electrochemical oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... , NY , 1966 , pg. 611 . 15. Fontana M.G. , Ibid. , pg. 410 . 16. Binder W.O. , “Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steels and High Nickel Alloys,” in Corrosion of Metals , American Society of Metals , Cleveland, OH , 1946 . 17. Avallone E. and Baumeister T...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... surfaces confined to the HAZs of the welds. Microscopic examination of sections transverse to the weld cracks showed severe intergranular corrosion in the HAZ. The fractures appeared to be caused by loss of corrosion resistance due to sensitization, that could have been induced by the temperatures attained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... strip to restrict its movement over the sleeve. Incoloy 800 (UNS N08800) is Fe–Ni base super and heat resistant alloy widely used material for construction of equipment requiring corrosion resistance, heat resistance, strength, and stability for service up to 816 °C. It is a solid solution...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... elements detected. In the base metal tube spectrum copper, nickel and iron were detected. The chemistry was in agreement with alloy C70600 (UNS), also known as 90-10 cupronickel [ 1 ]. Cupronickels are known for their resistance to seawater corrosion. They are used in seawater piping evaporators...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... resistance, but only in a low velocity medium, while the stainless steel would be corrosion resistant in that medium over a range of flowrates and temperatures. Ref 1 , 2 , 3 This is one reason that stainless steel tubing is specified, and normally used, as the tubing material. However, if the metal loss...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-carbide, silicon-nitride, or boron-nitride. Refractories and structural ceramics are generally thought to be inert and corrosion resistant (as compared to metallic alloys), and they are, relatively so, at room temperature, under dry atmosphere, and over long time intervals. With increasing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... cracking. Based on test data and cost, A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel would be a better alloy for the application. valve body corrosion H2S exposure Cr-Mo steel pitting cracks chemical analysis corrosion resistance A216-WCC (cast carbon steel) UNS J02503 A217-WC9 cast Cr–Mo steel UNS K21590...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are not amenable to protection by the use of erosion-resistant overlays. Therefore, the most effective means of combatting erosion of small parts is to increase the hardness of the metal or to specify a more erosion-resistant metal. Erosion-Corrosion When movement of a corrodent over a metal surface...