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corrosion-resistant alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... alloy C-276) were placed directly in the hot gas stream, containing HCl and Cl2, for in situ testing. Results of this investigation showed that nickel-chromium corrosion-resistant alloys, such as Inconel 600, Inconel 625, and Inco alloy C-276, performed well in this environment. Laboratory testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0047606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., the substitution of a more corrosion-resistant alloy, such as Incoloy 800 or 825, may be necessary. Activation Butt welds Pipes Residual stress Weld metal 316L UNS S31603 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Joining-related failures Type 316L stainless steel pipes carrying brine at 120...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... This velocity increased substantially when the valves were only partially opened (cracked). Conclusion and Recommendations The resistance of alloys to erosion-corrosion is usually directly proportional to their resistance to simple corrosion in a particular medium. Although alloys 360 and 353 have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... product was cupric hydroxychloride. In addition to switching to a more corrosion-resistant alloy, extreme care should be taken in the manufacturing of the replacement tube bundles to avoid imparting any residual tensile stresses in the tubing. Analyses of city and spring-pit water were recommended also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opportunities to improve operating processes and procedures related to the management of system integrity. Industry experience with corrosion-resistant alloys of steel, copper, and aluminum is reviewed. The article ends with a discussion on monitoring and preventing microbiologically influenced corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... corrosion Liners, corrosion Incoloy 800 UNS N08810 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Background A 150 mm (6 in.) diam, 1.6 mm (0.065 in.) thick alloy 800 liner from an internal bypass line in a hydrogen reformer was removed from a waste heat boiler because of severe metal loss. Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001140
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... prior to wall penetration, which could have led to subsequent loss of pressure, resulting in explosion of the cylinder. It was recommended that more stress corrosion resistant alloys be used for sea diving applications. Furthermore, cylinders should have a reduced wall thickness that can be determined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the production sour oil and gas is the corrosion caused by the acid gas H 2 S [ 1 ]. Even though corrosion resistant alloys (CRA) have long been available as a material selection option that mitigates H 2 S corrosion, carbon steel is in general more cost-effective for oil and gas facilities [ 2 ]. The most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... resistance of nickel–aluminum bronze . Paper No.03262, NACE Corrosion/2003, NACE International , Houston, Texas 10.3168/jds.2019-16489 2. Ferrara R.J. , Caton T.E. , Review of dealloying of cast aluminum bronze and nickel–aluminum bronze alloys in sea water service . Mater. Perform...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091330
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... was then replaced by alloy 686 plate (N06686) welded with 686 CPT. Conclusions Though the original materials are recognized for their resistance to corrosion and heat, the 686 alloy composition has superior pitting resistance as indicated by higher PREN (pitting resistance equivalent number) values according...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., temperature, pressure, etc. [ 1 , 2 ]. However, when H 2 S is present in the environment special alloys need to be selected per the international standard (ASTM MR0175/ISO 15156-1). In this standard the selection of corrosion resistance alloys (CRA) depends on the working environment and each alloy has...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (>25 to 30% Cr) is required for good resistance to hot corrosion. Nickel alloys with both chromium and aluminum show improved resistance to hot corrosion. Type 2, low-temperature hot corrosion, occurs in the temperature range of 650 to 750 °C (1200 to 1380 °F), where SO 3 is relatively high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... elements detected. In the base metal tube spectrum copper, nickel and iron were detected. The chemistry was in agreement with alloy C70600 (UNS), also known as 90-10 cupronickel [ 1 ]. Cupronickels are known for their resistance to seawater corrosion. They are used in seawater piping evaporators...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by metal dissolution or oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are prone to corrode by metal dissolution or electrochemical oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091350
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Cracks occurred in a new ship hull after only three months in service. It was noted that the 5xxx series of aluminum alloys are often selected for weldability and are generally very resistant to corrosion. However, if the material has prolonged exposure at slightly elevated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046995
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... included replacing the material with an alloy, such as RA 333, with a higher chromium content and with an additional element, like silicon, resistant to carburization-oxidation. Carburizing Heat treating furnaces Tubes Hastelloy X UNS N06002 RA 333 UNS N06333 High-temperature corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum, and their alloys, are more or less susceptible to damage ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Only titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 4 ). This review focuses initially on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... steels are also very susceptible to intergranular corrosion in the untempered condition. Because of this, alloy 430 used in the as-welded condition generally has a greatly reduced corrosion resistance, even in warm tap water. 1 , 5 , 6 Tempering of alloy 430 proceeds in a comparable manner to tempering...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... large patches of undercut pits. When impingement attack occurs in heat-exchanger or condenser tubing, it is usually confined to a short distance on the inlet end of the tube where the fluid flow is turbulent. Impingement attack can be controlled by use of corrosion-resistant alloys, such as copper...