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corrosion resistance

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... resistance of nickel–aluminum bronze . Paper No.03262, NACE Corrosion/2003, NACE International , Houston, Texas 10.3168/jds.2019-16489 2. Ferrara R.J. , Caton T.E. , Review of dealloying of cast aluminum bronze and nickel–aluminum bronze alloys in sea water service . Mater. Perform...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and describes the corrosion resistance characteristics of specific classes of refractories and structural ceramics. The article also examines the prevention strategies that minimize corrosion failures of both classes of materials. aerospace industry automotive industry chemical corrosion chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... This velocity increased substantially when the valves were only partially opened (cracked). Conclusion and Recommendations The resistance of alloys to erosion-corrosion is usually directly proportional to their resistance to simple corrosion in a particular medium. Although alloys 360 and 353 have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... steam dried after cleaning, but this steam drying treatment had been eliminated for the more recently built tanks. Based on these findings, it was decided to explore the effects of the steam drying treatment on the corrosion resistance of the steel. Laboratory Testing To determine the effects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...) 0.030 (max) Discussion Fractography established that fracture was by fatigue and that the fatigue cracking originated at corrosion pits. Therefore, corrosion resistance of the screws was a major factor. From a fatigue standpoint, the screws should not have been specified in the cold...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract The corner of a welded sheet construction made from austenitic corrosion-resistant chromium-nickel steel showed corrosive attack of the outer sheet. This attack was most severe at the points subjected to the greatest heat during welding. Particularly large amounts of weld metal had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... with the classic spongy appearance of cavitation. Two changes were proposed: streamlining the part to avoid abrupt changes in fluid flow; and a change in alloy to a more corrosion-resistant material (304 or preferably 316) to increase the tenacity of protective films. Cavitation Design Supports 8620...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... the valve over a period and evaporation resulted in a solution which favored failure from stress-corrosion cracking. If corrosion resistant studs were desired, those of bronze or Monel metal are to be preferred. Boilers Corrosion resistance Austenitic stainless steel Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... surfaces confined to the HAZs of the welds. Microscopic examination of sections transverse to the weld cracks showed severe intergranular corrosion in the HAZ. The fractures appeared to be caused by loss of corrosion resistance due to sensitization, that could have been induced by the temperatures attained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... the buildup of sulfur compounds or bearing halves that have corrosion-resistant overlay materials were recommended as best solutions. Connecting rods Gasoline engines Lubrication oils Sulfuric acid SAE 485 Pitting corrosion A connecting-rod shell bearing from a six-cylinder gasoline engine...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... resistance of the metal because the sites of the anodic and cathodic reactions are not known, nor are they predictable. However, it is possible to increase the electrical resistance of the electrolyte and thereby reduce corrosion. Very pure water is much less corrosive than impure or natural waters. The low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A corrosion resistant chromium nickel steel (X 2 Cr-Ni-Mo 18 10) worm drive used in a chemical plant at 80 deg C and 100 to 200 atm pressure to transport media containing chloride failed during normal operation. Visual inspections showed that the entire surface of the gear was covered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0089682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... tests in accordance with ASTM A 262 to ensure adequate corrosion resistance. Castings Fittings Pitting Solution annealing Solution heat treatment 317 UNS J93000 Intergranular corrosion Casting-related failures A neck fitting exhibiting extreme corrosion with large, deeply pitted areas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0051293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... as to select a grade of spring steel that would be more corrosion resistant than 302 stainless. Materials selection Spring steels Springs (elastic) Water feeders 302 UNS S30200 304 UNS S30400 Corrosion fatigue After six months of operating a new chicken house, a farmer noticed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (>25 to 30% Cr) is required for good resistance to hot corrosion. Nickel alloys with both chromium and aluminum show improved resistance to hot corrosion. Type 2, low-temperature hot corrosion, occurs in the temperature range of 650 to 750 °C (1200 to 1380 °F), where SO 3 is relatively high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that the failure of the pylon attachment stud was caused by general corrosion followed by SCC. The stud was not adequately protected against corrosion by the coating. It was recommended that the coating be applied to a thickness of 38 to 75 micron (1.5 to 3 mil) to provide long-time corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... strength and lower resistance to wear. Thus, wear can be considerably accelerated. Corrosion-induced surface imperfections and roughening can be precursors to microcracking. The degradation of materials under corrosion attack is often accompanied with surface imperfections such as pits and grooves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Iron 11 72 Nickel 40 2 Chromium 2 11 Niobium 1 4 Manganese 1 5 Sulfur 45 4 Discussion Visual examination revealed general deterioration of the weld beads. Corrosion of this form indicates a general lack of corrosion resistance of the metal to its environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... exfoliated from the base material and cracked. Recommendations included replacing the piping with a more corrosion-resistant material such as red brass (UNS C23000), inhibited Admiralty brass (UNS C44300), or arsenical aluminum brass (UNS C68700). Dezincification Fresh water Perforation Piping...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... severe form of erosion corrosion. Cavitation damage to the protective oxide film caused the zirconium to lose its normally outstanding corrosion resistance. The root cause of the impeller failure is most likely the introduction of excessive air into the pump due to low liquid level, a bad seal...