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corrosion prevention

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the electrochemical nature of corrosion and analyzes corrosion-related failures. It describes corrosion failure analysis and discusses corrective and preventive approaches to mitigate corrosion-related failures of metals. These include: change...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The crack reached the critical size and caused failure by stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) under static loading conditions in service. The failed beam was protected by a well adhering paint system. However, the presence of adequate amounts of corrosion preventive compound films (CPC) on the surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001298
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., there was an absence of significant amounts of corrosion product and all of the pits were filled with corrosion-preventative primer. This indicated that the pitting occurred during spar manufacture, prior to the application of the primer The pitting resulted from multiple nickel plating and defective plating removal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0045903
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... in.) from the origin along the wall of a hydraulic-oil bleed hole. Investigation with a SEM showed corrosion pits along the bleed hole wall, but oxidation and corrosion prevented review of microfractographic details. Vacuum epoxy encapsulation, sectioning of the bleed hole, and metallographic examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0007736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... There is no known method of mitigating this type of problem once it has occurred, although it can be prevented through the use of judicious and careful corrosion-preventive techniques during the storage of the tendons before placement. Fig. 3 Metallographic cross section through the fracture initiation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... stainless steel was also recommended. Cadmium plating Corrosion prevention Corrosion products Energy dispersive x ray analysis Inhibitors Iron oxides Materials substitution Pipe bends Scanning electron microscopy 4340 UNS G43400 (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion A cadmium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0047328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... operating stress was needed to cause cracks. No cracks appeared when corrosion inhibitor was added to the cooling water. Corrosion prevention Inhibitors Water chemistry Gray iron Corrosion fatigue On cylinder inserts from a water-cooled locomotive diesel engine, cracks formed on the water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the failure analysis. The corrosion products were analyzed using energy-dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX). The failure is attributed to the ingress of water and its impoundment under the tank bottom along the periphery inside the ring wall and failure of water side epoxy coating. Various measures to prevent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... which transferred heat to complex test sections. Had material substitutions been made on the original premise of countering chloride stress corrosion, almost all of the loop's highly stressed components would have eventually failed. The Need for Corrosion Control Fortunately, preventive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... These regions were characterized by dark stains. The cadmium coating appeared to have been almost entirely worn away during service and severe corrosion pitting had occurred within these areas. The extensive corrosion prevented accurate measurement of the surface finish. However, the radius where the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... coatings added after the investigation have proven effective in preventing subsequent such failures. Hydrochloric acid Launch pad tubing Marine environments 304 UNS S30400 Stress-corrosion cracking Background Information A section of 0.75 in (diameter) × 0.065 in (wall-thickness) 304...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., such as cadmium, had been applied in an attempt to minimize the possibility of hydrogen embrittlement. A corrosion preventive compound was also applied to newly manufactured parts for additional protection. Fig. 1 a: Fractured main landing gear truck beam with axles. b: Overview of the fracture surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (0.005 in.) into the tubing. Experiments indicated that the corrosion products were inactive. It was recommended that another marking process be used that does not involve corrosive materials. The prevention of electrolyte from being trapped between the tubing and ferrules by using a MIL-S-8802 sealant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... on the tube, which was periodically exposed to water. Recommendations included taking steps to prevent water from entering and being trapped in this area of the assembly. Marine environments Palladium oxide Tubes 304 UNS S30400 Crevice corrosion A steel tube meeting type 304 specification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... before the landing. Recommendation It was recommended that an inspection for SCC be made of all pylon struts with a similar service life. Selected References Selected References • Freeman S.R. , Analysis and Prevention of Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure Analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., Inc. Fig. 2 Micrograph of 19 mm (0.75 in.) copper piping in a closed-loop water system with MIC and erosion of the weak oxide layer. 20×. Courtesy of MDE Engineers, Inc. Selected References Selected References • Freeman S.R. , Analysis and Prevention of Corrosion-Related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001464
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., if not prevented, in wire ropes by regular attention to lubrication. Wire rope Steel wire rope Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue The splintering of wire ropes in service, except in those instances where abrasion or severe corrosion has led to thinning and ultimate fracture of the wires, is another...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0001667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and Prevention of Corrosion-Related Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 749 – 760 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549 • Forms of Corrosion, Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the introduction of water into the oil. Recommendations included taking additional precautions in operation and maintenance to prevent the use of oil containing any water through filling spouts or air vents. Also, polishing to remove pitting corrosion (but staying within specified dimensional tolerances...