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corrosion mitigation

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... made to the storage facilities which have mitigated new corrosion in the basins. Aluminum cladding Nuclear fuel elements Spent nuclear fuel 1100 UNS A91100 8001 UNS A98001 Pitting corrosion Introduction Corrosion in the SRS Basins Corrosion Fundamentals Examination of the Mark...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the electrochemical nature of corrosion and analyzes corrosion-related failures. It describes corrosion failure analysis and discusses corrective and preventive approaches to mitigate corrosion-related failures of metals. These include...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... compression plates, and hollow spinal rods. Some of the failure mechanisms that were identified include corrosive attack, corrosion plus erosion-corrosion, inclusions and stress gaps, production impurities, design flaws, and manufacturing defects. Failure prevention and mitigation strategies are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... commonly associated with the development of SCC, although not all, and numerous case studies. engineering alloys metallic components SCC mitigation stress-corrosion cracking CORROSION is the deterioration of a material due to its environment. Although corrosion is often thought...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the material after its design stress had been exceeded. It was recommended that steel with a higher chromium content be used to mitigate the erosion corrosion potential in the lines and that more rigorous nondestructive (ultrasonic) examinations be performed. Nuclear reactor components Pipe bends...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...: ensuring that 100% magnetic particle inspections are conducted after bolts are tempered; using dull cadmium plate or an alternative to the electrode position process, such as vacuum cadmium plate or ion-plate or ion-plated aluminum, to mitigate the potential for delayed failures due to hydrogen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 25 Effect of p SO 2 on Na 2 SO 4 -induced corrosion at 700 °C (1290 °F). 2.5 ppm atmospheric SO 2 can greatly accelerate hot corrosion over that in clean air conditions. With Na 2 SO 4 salt deposit, the catalyzed O 2 -0.1%SO 2 atmosphere causes accelerated attack at 700 °C by forming CoSO...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0007736
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... There is no known method of mitigating this type of problem once it has occurred, although it can be prevented through the use of judicious and careful corrosion-preventive techniques during the storage of the tendons before placement. Fig. 3 Metallographic cross section through the fracture initiation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract This paper reviews several fatigue failures from the waterwall, superheater, and economizer portions of the boiler, their causes and how they were mitigated and monitored. Some cases required simple field modifications by cutting or welding, repair of existing controls...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... S. and Campbell S. , “ Monitoring the Mitigation of MIC Risk in Pipelines ,” Paper 06662, Corrosion 2006, NACE International , 2006 25. Li Y. , Xu D. , Chen C. , Li X. , and Jia R. , Anaerobic Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion Mechanisms Interpreted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of product development to enhance product safety and reliability by eliminating or mitigating the potential effects of item failures. FMEA consists of examining the modes and causes of item failures and determining the product response to the failures. Steps can then be taken to change the design in order...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., system, and customer. Set a goal. Collect data to provide a measurement of the deficiency. Determine root cause: Analyze the problem to identify the cause(s). Develop corrective actions: List possible solutions to mitigate and prevent recurrence of the problem. Generate alternatives. Develop...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090881
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...” for chemical impurities. As a result, severe IGSCC and IGA occurred preferentially under these deposits. Several remedial measures were developed to mitigate the effects of the conditions that contribute to IGA/IGSCC. These include steam generator water-chemistry controls, chemical cleaning, and reduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of these environments. The environment present during the digestion process is not necessarily the one responsible for corrosion. Remedial Action General corrosion of the weld metal can be mitigated by the use of a metal with greater corrosion resistance. The proprietary metal specified, which would appear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the optimum service time prior to replacement. First, if there is no corrosion, the operating temperature is within the specified limits, and there are no other mitigating factors, then the theoretical design life of the hose is determined by the number of impulse cycles it experiences during operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... in the presented case studies. Two factors are important when determining the optimum service time prior to replacement. First, if there is no corrosion, the operating temperature is within the specified limits, and there are no other mitigating factors, then the theoretical design life of the hose...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... by the failures in the presented case studies. Two factors are important when determining the optimum service time prior to replacement. First, if there is no corrosion, the operating temperature is within the specified limits, and there are no other mitigating factors, then the theoretical design life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Corrosion,” Corrosion , Vol. 21 , 1965 , p 39 – 48 . 7. Bailey R.H. , Esmacher M.J. and Warner T.L. , “Aqueous Corrosion in Boilers: Analysis and Mitigation,” Power Engineering , Vol. 34 , 1985 , p 33 – 40 . 8. Engle J.P. and Fox C.E. , “The Role of Copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ASTM A283 grade C UNS K02401 ASTM A537 class 2 Introduction Coating and cathodic protection (CP) are both engineering techniques with the primary purpose of mitigating and preventing corrosion. To obtain maximum corrosion resistance from the combination of a coating and CP, a number...