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corrosion kinetics

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the interaction with gamma radiation) and to prevent corrosion. A number of failures have occurred over the years because of a loss of the He cover gas in the assembly. This has resulted in either acid attack on the Inconel 600 sheath in a wet environment or gaseous corrosion in a dry environment. In the latter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in corrosion mechanisms that complicate reaction kinetics and explanation of the reactions that occur. The reaction kinetics of high-temperature corrosion reactions are usually classified as linear, parabolic, logarithmic, or cubic ( Ref 1 ). However, high-temperature oxidation and corrosion processes can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , mg/l NH 3 , mg/l O 2 , mg/l Feed water 0.52 1.3 9 5< 18.7 808 5 Prescribed water 0.3 Max 0.7 Max 9 ± 1 5 Max 15 800 20 Electrochemical data Table 6 Electrochemical data I Corr , μA Corrosion rate, mpy Distilled water 6.237 2.859 Feed water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the various materials which might affect the corrosion. The plastic, dyes, filler, type of PETN, explosive B, solder, and bridgewire materials were all tested. The tests were run at various temperatures to provide kinetic information and after the corrosion product was identified, some components were tested...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the copper substrate also being detected. Examination of the affected, darker areas on the sample was expected to show signs of corrosion attack from an aggressive species (i.e., high oxygen peak due to the presence of tin oxides). However, the spectra all appeared to only show the presence of tin...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chromites (Na 2 Cr 2 O 7 or Na 2 CrO 4 ) are water leachable and therefore present an environmental contamination risk in disposal sites. Kinetic Considerations Penetration, dissolution, and spalling are the most important phenomena that control the kinetics of the corrosion of industrial...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the corrosive wear caused by slurries. For a particle of a given angularity, the denser the particle, the more likely it is to cause either deformation or cutting wear on impact. This is a consequence of the dissipation of more energy in the same volume. Particle Size Because of their greater kinetic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., which has been collected from various points in a nuclear reactor and processed in a cleanup section to remove impurities and corrosion products. The process of upgrading is based on the principle that the discharge kinetics of the reduction of deuterium ions on the cathode is sluggish compared...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... element has a unique set of electron energies surrounding the nucleus, it also has a unique set of Auger peaks, and the resulting spectrum provides a fingerprint of the probed surface. The kinetic energy of the Auger electrons is typically between 40 and 2500 eV. In this energy regime, electrons can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... The failure of T12 reheater tubes that had been in service for only 3000 h was investigated. The thickness of the tubes was visibly reduced by heavy oxidation corrosion on the inner and outer walls. The original pearlite substrate completely decomposed. Uniform oxide scale observed on the inner wall showed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... indicated that the failures were the result of hydrogen embrittlement produced by galvanic corrosion and attendant evolution of hydrogen at the dissimilar junction, which was also the site of the highest tensile stress. Suggested measures for minimizing recurrences included use of lower-strength...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... characterization. Typical applications include identification of thin layers of contaminants on surfaces or at interfaces, evaluation of cleaning processes, corrosion studies, adhesion failures, and the identification of stains, oxides, and discolorations. Successful failure analysis can often be a matter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... , 2020 5. Seymour R.B. , Plastics vs. Corrosives , John Wiley & Sons , 1982 6. Lewis P.R. , Reynolds K. , and Gagg C. , Forensic Materials Engineering Case Studies , CRC Press , 2003 , p 192 – 194 10.1201/9780203484531 7. Vives V.C. , Dix J.S...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stress-corrosion crack- ing IIW International Institute of Welding IP incomplete penetration IPD integrated product development IR infrared ASM Handbook, Volume 11: Failure Analysis and Prevention W.T. Becker, R.J. Shipley, editors, p1081-1083 Abbreviations and Symbols DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC) of metallic materials as an introduction to the recognition, management, and prevention of microbiological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It discusses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... “ Petroleum and natural gas industries—Materials for use in H2S-containing environments in oil and gas production ,” NACE MR 0175/ISO 15156-3, “ Part 3: Cracking-resistant CRAs (corrosion-resistant alloys) and other alloys ,” NACE/ANSI/ISO ( 2003 ) 2. Reick W. , Pohl M. , Padilha A.F...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosive wear is defined as surface damage caused by wear in a corrosive environment, involving combined attacks from wear and corrosion. This article begins with a discussion on several typical forms of corrosive wear encountered in industry, followed by a discussion on mechanisms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION...