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corrosion inhibitors

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0047328
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... indicating that the vibrational stresses had a greater share in the damage than the corrosive influence. Cracks appeared initially only in those engines in which no corrosion inhibitor had been added to the cooling water. The cracking was caused by corrosion fatigue. The combined presence of a corrosive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... The possibility that the corrosion products would eventually create a blockage of the affected hole was great considering the small hole diameter (4.2 mm, or 0.165 in.). It was recommended that a quick fix to stop the corrosion would be to apply a corrosion inhibitor inside the hole. This, however, would cause...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It discusses the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A wall section of a carbon steel choke body in gas service at 4400 psig blew out three months after the use of a corrosion inhibitor was stopped. Corrosion damage occurred in ripples, leaving both smoothly polished and unattacked areas. The corrodent in condensate wells...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion-related failures of metals. These include: change in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Gräfen H. , Horn E.-M. , Schlecker H. , and Schindler H. , Corrosion , Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry , Wiley-VCH , Weinheim , 2002 , 10.1002/14356007.b01_08 50. Tang Z. , A Review of Corrosion Inhibitors for Rust Preventative Fluids , Curr. Opin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... . NACE , Houston, TX ( 1993 ). 8. Allegany Ludlum Corporation . AL-6XN TM ( 2002 ). 9. Hatch G.B. : Inhibition of cooling water . Corrosion Inhibitors , pp. 126 – 147 . NACE , Houston, TX ( 1973 ). 10. Fernance N. , Farinha P.A. , Javaherdashti R. : SRB...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by other microorganisms in the community enables a very corrosive anaerobic, low-pH, chloride-rich environment to develop on the steel surface. Fig. 8 Increase in corrosion rate for steel treated with a corrosion inhibitor in carbon-dioxide-saturated 3% saline solution with addition of acetate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... as corrosion inhibitors. The results of the examination indicated that the absorber tubes failed by stress-corrosion cracking initiated by ammonia contamination in the lithium bromide solution. Cracking was from the shell side or outer surface of the tubes, where the tubes were in contact with nitrate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Madsen B.W. , A Comparison of the Wear of Polymers and Metal Alloys in Laboratory and Field Slurries , Wear , Vol 134 , 1989 , p 59 – 79 35. Hoey G.R. , Dingley W. , and Freeman C. , Corrosion Inhibitors Reduce Ball Wear in Grinding Sulfide Ore , CIM Bull. , Vol 68...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... R.H. , Cathodic Protection , Corrosion , Vol 13 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1987 , p 466 – 477 14. Martin R.L. , Corrosion Inhibitors for Oil and Gas Production , Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Vol 13A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2003...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... conditions and proof tested. It was recommended that the water system consisting of deionized water and formaldehyde be replaced with water having a low oxygen content and a cathodic inhibitor (oxygen scavenger). Brazed joints Mirrors Molybdenum Erosion - corrosion Intergranular corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... water is treated with amines, which are corrosion inhibitors. Nitric acid is much more corrosively aggressive than alkaline solutions, particularly with respect to the UNS N06600 superalloys ( Ref 1 , 2 , and 3 ). The original specifications for the heat exchanger called for the use of type 304...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... bouncing of the piston. The exact mechanism of cavitation damage is not entirely clear. Two schools of thought have developed, one supporting an essentially erosive, and the other an essentially corrosive, mechanism. Measures to prevent, or reduce, cavitation damage should be considered firstly from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Environments , NACE International , Houston, TX , 1994 . 2. NACE Standard MR 0174 , Recommendations for Selecting Inhibitors for Use as Sucker Rod Thread Lubricants , NACE International , Houston, TX , 1995 . 3. NACE Standard RP 0195 , Recommended Practice for Corrosion Control of Sucker Rods...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the chromate used as a corrosion inhibitor in the superheated water. It was not regarded as a contributing cause of the failures. It was concluded that all other joints of the system possessing the same mismatch in wall thickness, and thus in all probability the same stress raiser at the toe...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in the pipes and vessels for an extended period, until the process plant comes “on stream.” In the case of mild steel pipework, hydrotest/storage waters are commonly treated with acorrosion-preventative hydrotest package that contains an oxygen scavenger, a biocide, and, frequently, a corrosion inhibitor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to these bolts can exceed 70 N · m (600 in. · lb). In flooded manholes, the galvanic-corrosion reaction between zinc (galvanizing) and stainless steel can generate hydrogen at the stainless steel cathode. The rate at which absorbed hydrogen on the cathode combines to form H 2 gas is affected by the catalytic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of corrosion inhibitors is effective in some cases. Elimination of cathodic depolarizers (deaeration of water by thermomechanical means plus oxygen scavengers such as sodium sulfite or hydrazine) is very effective in some aqueous systems. Metallic Coatings Two types of metallic coatings are used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Inhibited admiralty brass (UNS C44300) condenser tubes used in a natural-gas-fired cogeneration plant failed during testing. Two samples, one from a leaking tube and the other from an on leaking tube, were examined. Chemical analyses were conducted on the tubes and corrosion...