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corrosion control performance

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A group of control valves that regulate production in a field of sour gas wellheads performed satisfactorily for three years before pits and cracks were detected during an inspection. One of the valves was examined using chemical and microstructural analysis to determine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... batch be removed from service. In addition, a sample from each heat treat batch should be submitted to the Strauss test (ASTM A262, practice E) to determine susceptibility to intergranular corrosion. Also, it was recommended that a stress analysis be performed on the system to determine whether...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... any layering effects in the deposits. Laboratory photography in a controlled setting should also be performed to guarantee accurate reproduction of color tones and surface textures. The type and extent of on-site sampling depends on the environment and its availability. Piping corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... sample indicating ~80% rubber and ~20% filler Abstract Abstract Corrosion is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. The realization that corrosion control can be profitable has been acknowledged repeatedly by industry, typically following costly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... interface nor pitting corrosion was identified, the technology to identify these degradation modes was also demonstrated. This technology is now being used to evaluate active waste storage tanks. All ultrasonic inspections were performed using the P-scan (FORCE Technology, Copenhagen) automated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... given up by the metal being oxidized or taken up by the electron acceptor being reduced. Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of a generic corrosion cell showing anodic oxidation of the metal ( M ) complemented by cathodic reduction of an electron acceptor ( X ). The corrosion rate can be controlled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Insufficient control instrumentation Improper coupling Improper bearing Improper seal Insufficient shutdown devices Material of construction Corrosion and/or erosion Rapid wear Fatigue Strength exceeded Galling Wrong hardening method Design for installation Unsatisfactory piping support Improper piping...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., are discussed in the section “Manufacturing/Installation Defects” in this article. These material defects can be generally described as discontinuities that degrade the performance of a product in some way. Despite measures taken to control, document, measure, analyze, and improve the processes involved...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., and the weld had received a postweld heat treatment (PWHT). Metallographic examination revealed that the corroded areas contained undertempered martensite. Fully tempered weld areas with a hardness of 93 HRB were not attacked. No evidence of corrosion fatigue was found. Uneven temperature control during PWHT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... In aircraft design, there is also a need for materials to be lightweight and to possess the necessary properties, such as high strength, corrosion resistance, fatigue resistance, and so on. Many aerospace materials have been used for decades, and their performance and material characteristics are well...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Improved joint designs and welding practices for structural steels Improved controls on steel manufacture Overview of the Design Process Because of failures similar to those in Table 1 , predicting performance and assessing the remaining life with greater confidence becomes increasingly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: Failure Analysis and Control , Mater. Perform. , Vol 43 ( No. 4 ), 2004 , p 46 – 50 5. Been J. and Grauman J.S. , Titanium and Titanium Alloys , Uhlig’s Corrosion Handbook , 3rd ed. , Revie R.W. , Ed., John Wiley & Sons , Hoboken, NJ , 2011 , p 861 – 878 10.1002...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and should not have caused the corrosion. Results of Re-Analysis of Wood for Chloride and Phosphorus Table 2 Results of Re-Analysis of Wood for Chloride and Phosphorus Element in Analysis Wood Sample From Panel, ppm Wood Sample, Paint Removed, ppm Control Wood Sample, ppm Chloride 3180...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... nondestructive evaluation technique would indicate removal of the component from service. In addition to damage-tolerance requirements, nondestructive inspection of plant equipment, such as pressure vessels, tanks, and piping, is performed to assess fitness-for-service when exposed to erosion or corrosive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., decreasing the exposed length, and lowering temperatures and gradients are typical actions used to reduce thermal stress. Increasing the number and frequency of support points is a common method of lowering bending stress and controlling vibration. Elimination or reduction in the effects of the corrosive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to reduce the level of stresses. However, by failing to control the tolerances of the impeller dimensions to conform to hydrodynamic performance, the 304L design resulted in accelerated failure. Material selection was the most important contributor to accelerated failure. It is generally known...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chemical industry corrosion resistance gas turbine components heat exchangers material selection power generation industry process control refractories structural ceramics REFRACTORY MATERIALS are used in various industrial applications to line the interior of a multitude of vessels (mainly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Li W. and Li D.Y. , Variations of Work Function and Corrosion Behaviour of Deformed Copper Surfaces , Appl. Surf. Sci. , Vol 240 , 2005 , p 388 – 395 10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.07.017 22. Bradford S.A. , Corrosion Control , 2nd ed. , CASTI Publishing , Edmonton , 2001...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001699
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... system was not possible. The cause of the observed corrosion of steel piping was a lack of proper corrosion monitoring and control of the cooling water quality. Consistent, appropriate corrosion monitoring and control actions were recommended. This would help to prevent pitting corrosion damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in adapter tube assemblies in the control rod drive head of a pressurized water reactor, (3) thermal fatigue of a recirculation pump shaft in a boiling water reactor, and (4) failure of pump seal wear rings by nickel leaching in a boiling water reactor. Corrosion Decontamination Intergranular stress...