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corrosion compatibility

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0049796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... in excess of 20 years. This places stringent materials compatibility requirements on these devices, with corrosion of the bridgewire and pins a primary concern. Fig. 1 Cross section of a pyrotechnic actuator. Compatibility studies performed during development of one type of actuator suggested...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that the failures were the result of hydrogen embrittlement produced by galvanic corrosion and attendant evolution of hydrogen at the dissimilar junction, which was also the site of the highest tensile stress. Suggested measures for minimizing recurrences included use of lower-strength, galvanically-compatible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Accelerated aging tests on detonator assemblies, to verify the compatibility of gold bridgewire and Pd-In-Sn solder with the intended explosives, revealed an unusual form of corrosion. The tests, conducted at 74 deg C (165 deg F) and 54 deg C (130 deg F), indicated a preferential...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...). Control of machining parameters to prevent formation of brittle martensite, use of galvanically compatible fasteners, and use of an alternate lubricant were recommended. Airframes, corrosion Fasteners Jet planes Marine environments Military planes Solid lubricants Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 Stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... if pipe threads were to be used. A determination of proper torque values for tightening the connectors was suggested also. Aircraft components Scanning electron microscopy Stresses Tapping (threads) Wall thickness 2024 UNS A92024 Intergranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. The realization that corrosion control can be profitable has been acknowledged repeatedly by industry, typically following costly business interruptions. This article describes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0090943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and hardness testing, 119x SEM images, and potassium dichromate etched 297x metallographic images) supported the conclusion that the bronze gear cracked via mixed-mode overload, rather than by a progressive mechanism such as fatigue or stress-corrosion cracking. The cracking was not associated with regions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... microscopy. The cracks were revealed to be in existence for some time before the final failure which was indicated by the extent and amount of corrosion products. It was concluded that low ductility was responsible for the original initiation of cracks in the pipe. Crack propagation Ductility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Corrosion in potable and nonpotable water systems has been well documented in the past, and new research discusses innovations in water treatment and materials that are designed to enhance the quality of a water system, whether commercial or residential. This paper is a collection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... fatigue fracture (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion High-temperature corrosion and oxidation An experimental high-temperature rotary valve was found stuck in the housing due to growth and distortion after approximately 100 h. Gas temperatures were suspected to have been high due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... materials to meet new requirements that are getting more demanding. Stainless steels have been developed for many applications that require a high resistance to corrosive environments. Duplex stainless steels (DSSs), which were first developed in 1927 and improved in the following decades, have been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract This paper describes the investigation of a corrosion failure of bottom plates on an aboveground tank used for the storage of potable water. The tank was internally inspected for the first time after six years of service. Paint blisters and rust spots were observed on the bottom plates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... However, the investigation (which included visual, macroscopic, metallographic, SEM, and chemical analysis) showed that austenitic stainless steel and a nickel-base alloy were used instead. The unspecified materials are more prone to corrosion, particularly galvanic corrosion, which proved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in the dry hydrogen atmosphere with the silver braze alloys was another solution in preventing the electrochemical corrosion that was primarily due to the absence of flux in the furnace brazing operation. With the wide selection of braze filler metals that are more compatible for corrosion and heat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-processing industries, with design requirements involving corrosion resistance and elevated-temperature service. Many other engineering disciplines also have unique and special requirements for design and materials selection. In electrical engineering design, for example, the physical property...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-processing industries with design requirements involving corrosion resistance and elevated-temperature service. Many other engineering disciplines also have unique and special requirements for design and materials selection. In electrical engineering design, for example, the physical property...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001044
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... standby mode, it was recommended that the condenser tube material be upgraded to one with better general corrosion and SCC resistance. Based on corrosion resistance, availability, price, and compatibility with the existing Muntz metal tube sheets, 90Cu-10Ni (UNS C70600) was selected for retubing. The 70Cu...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Stainless steel is frequently used for bone fracture fixation in spite of its sensitivity to pitting and cracking in chloride containing environments (such as organic fluids) and its susceptibility to fatigue and corrosion fatigue. A 316L stainless steel plate implant used for fixation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Implants can undergo surface attack by fretting, fretting corrosion, or wear. These types of attack can be relatively mild; they often occur only on the microscopic level, do not interfere with the functioning of the implant or the healing of the bone, and do not require reoperation. On prosthetic devices...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... digestion for the range of ferrous and nonferrous materials typically encountered. The use of microwave-assisted acid digestion usually improves the efficacy and rate of the digestion process. Digestion vessels must be compatible with the acid mixtures. The ICP-OES spray chambers, nebulizers, and injectors...