1-20 of 177 Search Results for

core hardness

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... 150 deg C by the hardness values (close to the maximum hardness values attainable) for the core. It was interpreted that the low tempering temperature used may have contributed to the brittleness. The procedures used for casting the jaws were recommended to be revised to eliminate the internal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0092155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., of the case as a result of several factors. Recommendations included reducing the high local stresses at the pitch line to an acceptable level with a design modification. Also suggested was specification of a core hardness of 35 to 40 HRC to provide adequate support for the case and to permit attainment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... alternative to 1045 steel. The pinion was annealed before flame or induction hardening of the teeth to a surface hardness of 363 HRB and a core hardness of 197 HRB. The broken pinion had a tooth which had failed by fatigue fracture through the tooth root because of the low strength from incomplete surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... contained high-carbon tempered martensite. Microhardness measurements revealed that. Although the core hardness of the roller and the inner-race samples were similar, the surface hardness of the roller was approximately 8.5 HRC units harder than that of the inner-race. SEM observations of the roller...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... and a core hardness of 250 HRB. Two teeth were revealed by visual examination to have broken at the root and fatigue marks extending across almost the entire tooth were exhibited by the surface of the fracture. Cracking in all the tooth was showed by magnetic-particle inspection. The pinion was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0046238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...Abstract Abstract Within about one month, several knuckle pins (AMS 6470 steel failed, and required to have a minimum case hardness of 92 h15N, a case depth of 0.4 to 0.5 mm (0.017 to 0.022 in.), and a core hardness of 285 to 341 HRB) used in engines failed over a range of 218 to 463 h...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and core. It was found that gear 1 had a lower hardness than specified while the case hardness of gear 2 was found to be within limits. Both the pitting and the wear pattern were revealed to be more severe on gear 1 than on gear 2. Surface-contact fatigue (pitting) of gear 1 (cause of lower carbon content...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-1.3%, P&S-0.035% max, Cr-0.8-1.1% Mechanical Properties: Core Strength — 1000–1200 MPa Core hardness — 310–370 HV Surface hardness in cup portion — 600–750 HV Case depth — 0.15–0.20 mm Visual inspection of the fracture surface revealed a dull and grainy fracture ( Fig. 2a...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to carburized and hardened samples. Nitriding process achieves good surface hardness @ 566 Hv1. However, case depth achieved is less within 10-μm; core hardness is 30 RC; case microstructure is fine tempered martensite; and push-out force for nitrided bearing cup is 1015 kg. Endurance test was also found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Traverse Microscopic Examination The mode of failure was severe abrasive wear. The cause of failure was insufficient surface hardness. A question arises concerning what caused the low hardness. The basic quenching was acceptable, because the core hardness and microstructure at the root...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... The customer had specified a 2 mm case depth and a hardness of at least HRC 55 at a depth of 1.5 mm. An etched cross section of the cracked end showed that the case layer had a depth of 2.3 mm, so that the sleeve was almost through-hardened at the flat ends. While the core material with the full wall thickness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The specified material was AISI 4320 H steel, case hardened and heat treated to at least 60 HRC to an effective depth of 1.40 to 1.65 mm (0.055 to 0.065 in.). The core hardness specified was 33 to 38 HRC. A transverse slice of circular cross section was cut from the shaft, intersecting undamaged, burnished...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the carburized layer is specified as 1.3–1.7 mm. The surface hardness and core hardness of tooth flank are, respectively, specified as HRC 56–60 and HRC 30–45. The cracked gear and the gear-shaft were interference-fitted. The shaft bore and the oil-pressed hole of gear are required to be surface-coated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... using the Vicker’s scale (1 kg load). The average results were converted to Rockwell C per ASTM E140 [ 1 ]. The average core hardness of the OR, IR and one rolling element was 65, 64 and 62 HRC, respectively. Surface to core microhardness testing was also performed during the investigation. A comparison...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... strength which have requirements for chemistry, core and surface hardness, and level of allowable surface discontinuities. SAE Grade 8 requirements are given in Table 1 . Specification and requirements for wheel studs Table 1 Specification and requirements for wheel studs Specification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... martensite that was hard (44 to 46 HRC) and brittle compared with the core hardness of 20 HRC. The martensite formed when the area adjacent to the weld metal was heated above the transformation temperature and was “self-quenched” via thermal conduction by the mass of the casting. Unwanted martensite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... alone. A check on the dimensions showed that the radii were only 0.15 and 0.2 mm. Measurement of the surface hardness yielded values of HR C 65. The specified value was HR C 58–60. The hardness of core should be HR C 33; HR C 40 was measured. Thus the surface and core hardnesses of both arbors were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was composed of tempered martensite ( Fig. 8 ). However, the central core portion of the axle had an entirely different microstructure of ferrite and pearlite, and, perhaps, bainite ( Fig. 9 ). A microhardness traverse ( Fig. 10 ) indicated that the maximum hardness was equivalent to approximately 56 HRC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was made of 38CrMoAl steel. The hardness value of core material is specified as HB 260–300. The internal and external surfaces of the bearing sleeve are required to be nitrided to a minimum depth of 0.25 mm. The chemical composition of the failed bearing-sleeve material was determined by spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001497
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., select any one of the remaining teeth, section it midway from both ends, and prepare a sample for a case hardness traverse and microscopic examination. From the case hardness survey and the microscopic examination, the following results were observed: Core structure: An equal admixture...