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copper-zinc alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046737
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that occurred in service. The casting shown in Fig. 1(c) broke into three pieces in service. Fig. 1 Copper-zinc alloy cooling-tower hardware that failed by SCC and dezincification. (a), (b), and (c) Photographs showing some of the castings that broke into two or more parts in service. 1 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that the tubes had been fabricated from copper alloy C27000 (yellow brass, 65% Cu) and that only a trace of the nominal 35% Zn remained in the brittle layer. It was concluded that failure of the tubes was the result of the use of an uninhibited brass that has a high zinc content and therefore is readily...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... having a high oxygen, carbon dioxide, or chloride content, and is accelerated by elevated temperatures and low water velocities. It is believed that, in the initial stages, solution of the copper-zinc alloy takes place, this being followed by a secondary reaction resulting in the elector-chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... It is believed that, in the initial stages, solution of the copper-zinc alloy takes place, this being followed by a secondary reaction resulting in the elector-chemical redeposition of the copper. The net result of the process is that sound metal is gradually replaced by a brittle, porous deposit of copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., and is accelerated by elevated temperatures and low water velocities. It is believed that, in the initial stages, solution of the copper-zinc alloy takes place, this being followed by a secondary reaction resulting in the elector-chemical redeposition of the copper. The net result of the process is that sound...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract A die-cast zinc adapter used in a snowthrower failed catastrophically in a brittle overload manner. The component had a chemical composition similar to standard zinc alloy ZA-27 (UNS Z35840), although the iron content was much higher and the copper slightly lower...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... intermetallic compound, nickel phosphide. The use of a brazing alloy containing phosphorus was unsuitable on two counts and a quaternary alloy containing silver, copper, cadmium and zinc, such as those in group AG1 or AG2 of BS 1845 would be more suitable. However, because corrosive problems experienced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... residual fabrication stresses in the bolt material would undoubtedly have decreased the resistance to SCC. Internal stresses, if they were present, could be removed by an appropriate stress-relieving anneal. Similar treatments are known to reduce the occurrence of SCC in alpha and alpha-beta copper-zinc...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and can cause pitlike wall perforation more rapidly than layer type. An acidic environment favors layer-type attack. High-zinc brasses of the α variety, such as copper alloy C26000 (cartridge brass, 70%), are more susceptible to dezincification than copper alloys having a lower zinc content, for example...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Carbon or Alloy Steel and Zinc Carbon or Alloy Steel and Copper Stainless Steel and Zinc Stainless Steel and Copper Titanium-Cadmium This article was revised from William R. Warke, “ Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement ,” Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11, ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Cadmium Carbon or Alloy Steel and Lead Carbon or Alloy Steel and Zinc Carbon or Alloy Steel and Copper Stainless Steel and Zinc Stainless Steel and Copper Titanium-Cadmium In general, the subcritical crack follows a path such that its fracture surface is perpendicular to the maximum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., although not necessarily improper, result in similar carbide precipitation. The path of SCC in some metals is not governed completely by composition and structure of the metal but is also influenced by the environment. For example, the path of cracking in copper-zinc alloys can be made transgranular...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... The final product is the familiar rust. The classic example of a replacement reaction, the interaction of zinc with copper sulfate solution, illustrates metal deposition: (Eq 18) Zn + Cu 2 + → Zn 2 + + Cu or, viewed as partial reactions: (Eq 19) Zn → Zn 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that tube failure resulted from the use of uninhibited brass with a high zinc content, which was therefore readily susceptible to dezincification. Remedial Action It was recommended that the tubes be replaced with copper alloy 687, which is highly resistant to both dezincification and impingement...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be present for SCC to occur in a given alloy. For example, ammonia compounds have been identified as agents that produce SCC in copper-zinc alloys or chlorides with stainless steels. The arsenic, antimony, or phosphorus additions for inhibiting dezincification do not prevent SCC of inhibited admiralty...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...%, compared with the maximum level of 0.05% specified. Results of chemical analysis Table 2 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, wt% Impeller C83699 requirements (ASTM B62) Copper 83.92 84.0–86.0 Lead 4.79 4.0×6.0 Tin 5.00 4.0×6.0 Zinc 5.37 4.0×6.0 Nickel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... → 2 Fe ( OH ) 3 The final product is the familiar rust . The classic example of a replacement reaction, the interaction of zinc with copper sulfate solution, illustrates metal deposition: (Eq 18) Zn + Cu 2 + → Zn 2 + + Cu or, viewed as partial reactions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... from a crashed helicopter, and LME of a steel gear by a copper alloy from an overheated bearing. The case histories illustrate how LME and SMIE failures can be diagnosed and distinguished from other failure modes, and shed light on the underlying causes of failure and how they might be prevented...