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copper-nickel-zinc alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... intermetallic compound, nickel phosphide. The use of a brazing alloy containing phosphorus was unsuitable on two counts and a quaternary alloy containing silver, copper, cadmium and zinc, such as those in group AG1 or AG2 of BS 1845 would be more suitable. However, because corrosive problems experienced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Carbon or Alloy Steel and Zinc Carbon or Alloy Steel and Copper Stainless Steel and Zinc Stainless Steel and Copper Titanium-Cadmium This article was revised from William R. Warke, “ Liquid Metal and Solid Metal Induced Embrittlement ,” Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11, ASM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that the tubes had been fabricated from copper alloy C27000 (yellow brass, 65% Cu) and that only a trace of the nominal 35% Zn remained in the brittle layer. It was concluded that failure of the tubes was the result of the use of an uninhibited brass that has a high zinc content and therefore is readily...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the indicated base metals Structural alloy base metal Embrittling metal Aluminum Hg, Ga, Na, In, Sn, Bi, Cd, Pb, Zn Copper Hg, Ga, In, Li, Bi, Cd, Pb Nickel Hg, In, Li, Sn, Pb, Zn, Ag Steels  Ferritic/martensitic Hg, Ga, In, Li, Sn, Cd, Pb, Zn, Te, Cu  Austenitic Hg, Li, Zn, Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discussion of the corrosion resistance of alloy groups in particular environments. Internet web sites published by ASM International, ASTM, NACE, the Nickel Development Institute, and the Copper Development Association provide the ability to search libraries of data for a given request. Metallography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... revealed traces of copper and silicon, as well as a few scans with zinc or nickel present. The area of initiation of one crack had iron, chromium, nickel, silicon, sulfur, copper, and zinc. Fig. 3 Fracture surface of a failed steam-generator sample. The fracture morphology is characteristic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... brazing of copper when the brazing temperature is well above the liquidus of the silver braze filler metal. Diffusion of the gold-nickel braze filler metals (AWS BAu-4) into stainless steel or nickel-base alloys can lead to deterioration of the base materials, as experienced with other braze alloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to be the workhorses in bearing and bushing applications. These alloys mainly derive their strength and hardness from tin while lead, being present as insoluble, soft second phase in the microstructure, provides good antifrictional properties. These alloys may also contain zinc (for good casting properties), nickel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Two new chrome-plated CDA 377 brass valves intended for inert gas service failed on initial installation. After a pickling operation to clean the metal, the outer surfaces of the valves had been flashed with copper and then plated with nickel and chromium for aesthetic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 1 2 ×. (b) Etched specimen from the tube showing corroded porous region at the top and unaffected region below. 100× Fig. 7 Copper-nickel alloy heat-exchanger tubes that failed from denickelification due to attack by water and steam. (a) Etched section through a copper alloy C71000...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., although not necessarily improper, result in similar carbide precipitation. The path of SCC in some metals is not governed completely by composition and structure of the metal but is also influenced by the environment. For example, the path of cracking in copper-zinc alloys can be made transgranular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... → 2 Fe ( OH ) 3 The final product is the familiar rust . The classic example of a replacement reaction, the interaction of zinc with copper sulfate solution, illustrates metal deposition: (Eq 18) Zn + Cu 2 + → Zn 2 + + Cu or, viewed as partial reactions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...° for the austenitic stainless steel (wetting) at 1100 °C (2010 °F). A series of reports has been published regarding the embrittlement of iron-base alloys by copper during welding ( Ref 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 ). In a study of HY-80 steel welded with or without copper-nickel filter metal ( Ref 38 ), infiltration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as one of the first comprehensive studies into the cause of season cracking, Moore, Beckinsale, and Mallinson concluded in their 1921 paper, “The Season Cracking of Brass and Other Copper Alloys,” that “some agency additional to the presence of initial (residual) stress appears to be necessary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...%, compared with the maximum level of 0.05% specified. Results of chemical analysis Table 2 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, wt% Impeller C83699 requirements (ASTM B62) Copper 83.92 84.0–86.0 Lead 4.79 4.0×6.0 Tin 5.00 4.0×6.0 Zinc 5.37 4.0×6.0 Nickel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 1 OES chemical analysis from representative section of component Element Wt.% Aluminum Remainder Zinc 5.22 Magnesium 0.63 Chromium 0.41 Iron 0.26 Manganese 0.01 Silicon 0.09 Copper 0.58 Titanium 0.27 Nickel <0.01 Lead <0.01 Tin <0.01...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Test for Copper and Copper Alloys ( 1990 ) 37. ISO 196–1978 (E) Wrought Copper and Copper Alloys—Detection of Residual Stress—Mercury (I) Nitrate Test 38. Lynch S.P. , Edwards D.P. , Nethercott R.B. , Davidson J.L. : Failures of nickel–aluminium bronze hydraulic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048620
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... also revealed some evidence of corrosion, but only in isolated areas mainly associated with the threads. This nut was plated with a copper-nickel coating. Corrosion was present only at breaks in the plating and then only to a limited extent. Radiographic examination indicated that both nuts had...