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copper precipitation-strengthened steel

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of copper due to the precipitation of a high density of cuprous oxide particles at the grain boundaries Embrittlement of steel due to the precipitation of MnS particles at the grain boundaries as a result of overheating Grain-boundary carbide precipitation in stainless steels (sensitization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Never leave stagnant water in a system that is susceptible to corrosion; drain and dry the system if the water is not flowing. High-strength aluminum alloys depend on precipitated phases for strengthening and are susceptible to intergranular corrosion and pitting. Duraluminum-type alloys (Al-Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of phosphorus, antimony, arsenic, or tin Grain-boundary carbide precipitation in austenitic stainless steels (sensitization) Embrittlement of molybdenum by oxygen, nitrogen, or carbon Embrittlement of copper by antimony Grain-boundary strengthening is characteristic of IG fractures caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Two clamps that support overhead power lines in an electrified rail system fractured within six months of being installed. The clamps are made of CuNiSi alloy, a type of precipitation-strengthening nickel-silicon bronze. To identify the root cause of failure, the rail operator led...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in Fig. 4 . Face-centered-cubic (fcc) metals (for example, copper, aluminum, nickel, and austenitic steels) exhibit the greatest ductility during rapid fracture and, in benign environments, do not normally fracture via cleavage. However, brittle cracking of fcc metals can occur under conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...” and time for lead. In 1905, Phillips ( Ref 2 ) detailed the creep experiments of copper, platinum, silver, gold, and steel wires and opined that a logarithmic dependence between stretch and time existed for copper, platinum, silver, and gold wires, but the behavior of steel wires did not follow the same...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... prepared condition (far better than done by the plaintiff's expert) yet could not detect the copper. So, he went to the light microscope and immediately saw the copper films, due to their natural yellowish color compared to the steel matrix. He scribed an area and photographed it with the light microscope...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in which a strengthening precipitate continues to age at creep temperatures, brief primary creep often shows transition to a long, upward sweep of creep rate, with only a point of inflection for the secondary period. Aging of normalized and tempered 0.5Cr-0.5Mo-0.25V steel during creep under 80 MPa...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... focuses on the types of hydrogen embrittlement that occur in all the major commercial metal and alloy systems, including stainless steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, copper and copper alloys, and transition and refractory metals. The specific types...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., specifically oriented grains tend to crack, leaving a shiny, faceted appearance easily differentiated from dull and fibrous, dimple-rupture features. Cleavage in a steel sample is shown in Fig. 4 . Face-centered-cubic (fcc) metals (for example, copper, aluminum, nickel, and austenitic steels) exhibit...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as one of the first comprehensive studies into the cause of season cracking, Moore, Beckinsale, and Mallinson concluded in their 1921 paper, “The Season Cracking of Brass and Other Copper Alloys,” that “some agency additional to the presence of initial (residual) stress appears to be necessary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-filled blisters Cracking from precipitation of internal gaseous hydrogen Heavy steel sections Induced by high-temperature exposure followed by rapid cooling Hydrogen attack Steels subject to combined high-temperature and high-pressure hydrogen. Also affects copper Irreversible chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... particles, evident in optical and SEM IT0011, IT0067, 01344AI, 1316HMW Fine (E-phase) dispersoids (Al 18 Mg 3 Cr 2 ), evident only in the TEM IT0011, IT0067, 01344AI, 1316HMW Strengthening precipitates, evident only in the TEM IT0067, 01344AI Ultrafine, matrix strengthening precipitates, evident...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of sigma phase, or the precipitation of other deleterious phases. The properties of precipitation-strengthened superalloys (processed at 535 to 815 °C, or 1000 to 1500 °F) such as UNS N07041 may be altered by brazing ( Ref 49 ). Normal welding can induce susceptibility of stainless steels without postweld...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... temperature, T . The 2219-T8 aluminum alloy is a good example of a material that readily experiences precipitate growth as a function of elevated temperatures ( Ref 4 ). Images in Fig. 3 highlight the copper-aluminum precipitate size and distribution in the as-received condition and after the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... : “How and Why the Fatigue S-N Curve Does Not Approach a Horizontal Asymptote,” Int. J. Fatigue , 2001 , 23 , pp. S143 – S151 . 10.1016/S0142-1123(01)00123-2 26. Wallen B. and Andersson T. : “Galvanic Corrosion of Copper Alloys in Contact with Highly Alloyed Stainless Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... is consistent with other studies on proton irradiated alloy 718, which suggest that the γ′ and γ″ precipitates responsible for strengthening alloy 718 are dissolved by proton radiation. 8 , 9 Fig. 18 A trace of hardness measurements across the beam area compared with the hardness in the initial PH...