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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...). This material had seen no prior strain damage. Low cycle fatigue tests were performed on this material in air at 1000°F using hourglass-shaped specimens. The axial strain was controlled in the tests to give strain ranges of 1.5%, 2.0%, 4.0% and 5.0%, respectively, based on diametrical strain measurements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., as specified in AS 3791-1991 Hydraulic Hoses. This type of hose consisted of an inner tube of oil-resistant synthetic rubber, a single medium-carbon steel wire braid reinforcement, and an oil-and-weather resistant synthetic rubber cover. The wire braiding was found to be severely corroded in the area...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Electrochemical testing is performed for general information regarding the passivity or anodic protection of a material against corrosion and to determine the critical breakdown or pitting potential. This type of testing is performed by two methods: controlling the current or controlling the potential. Standard...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An I-beam of IS-226 specification—I-section dimensions of 450 x l50 x 10 mm (17.7 x 5.9 x 0.4 in.) and a length of 12.41 m (40.7ft)—was flame cut into two section in an open yard near these a coast under normal weather conditions. After approximately 112h, the shorter section...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... corrosion control corrosion prevention corrosion testing corrosion-related failures environmental-related failures metals nonmetals CORROSION is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. A study by NACE International in 2016 examined nine world economic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of the incomplete welds. Continuation of the cracks was attributed to the brittle condition of the steel when cooled by the night air. A steel with a much lower ductile-to-brittle transition temperature is essential for this type of structure. Other necessary steps include better control of the girth-welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Despite extensive aircraft landing gear design analyses and tests performed by designers and manufacturers, and the large number of trouble-free landings, aircraft users have experienced problems with and failures of landing gear components. Different data banks and over 200...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... strands. It is apparent that there are a few key issues that are of great importance when aiming to minimize the risk of hydraulic hose failures and their consequential impact on the safety of the work environment. Inspection and Testing Design Issues Maintenance Strategies Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...… White pieces of lined paper Color standard, note paper, drawing paper, and collection funnel Plastic bags, 4 × 4 in. Sample collection Swabs Sample collection—always keep one for control sample Alloy reference list Materials, compositions, specifications, data Hardness Conversion Charts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... hydraulic hoses), the wire reinforcing strands were a medium-carbon steel in the cold drawn condition. Radiographic nondestructive testing (NDT) was recommended to determine when a hydraulic hose should be replaced. Hydraulic hoses Wire reinforcement Carbon steel Ductile fracture Crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... itself. A mutually agreed on protocol for the destructive testing should be established. For example, Fig. 3 shows the test setup for operational testing of a high-limit thermostat from a spa. The testing of the thermostat occurred in a controlled environment rather than at the scene of the accident...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... protocol includes preservation of evidence; the investigator must determine what evidence must be preserved. It is generally not desirable for an investigator to perform destructive testing/examination of the evidence during the scene investigation. These types of inspections are best left for a controlled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... approximately between 1 and 2 weeks prior to the incident. For various unrelated reasons no additional construction work had taken place associated with the failed anchor after it was installed. No notable weather conditions were identified that might have contributed to the incident. Subsequent...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Clarity of Function Safety Selection of Materials, Products, and Parts Transportation Issues Management Control Design Team Communication Problems Time and Money Constraints In coming up with a design that meets the user's needs in the best way possible, trade-offs must be made...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... alloys used in some of today's most technological applications. For over a hundred years, scientists have examined the phenomena of SCC, resulting in a large body of research on the topic. However, only few generalizations can be made as to its cause or control. In general, three factors must...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failure, fire, or engine mount failure. An engine must be able to shut down in a controlled fashion to pass this U.S. Federal Aviation Administration requirement. The jet engine industry has a test to determine the effect of a bird strike. Depending on the test criteria, frozen fowl bodies of various...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by metal dissolution or oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... inclusions Passenger ships Ship plate Steel making Carbon steel Mixed-mode fracture One evening in early 1907, Lord William James Pirrie, managing director and controlling chairman, Harland and Wolff, Shipbuilders, Belfast, Northern Ireland, entertained at dinner J. Bruce Ismay, chairman, Oceanic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the possible explanations for failure by eliminating those explanations that do not fit the observations. The basic steps are: Collect data Identify damage modes present Identify possible damage mechanisms Test to identify mechanisms that occurred Identify the significance of individual...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the ductile-brittle transition temperature. In this system, impact damage between couplers could be categorized by the temperature environment. Avoiding cold weather climates and, more significantly, changing the thermal processing environment during heat treatment could control failures. Categorizing...