1-16 of 16 Search Results for

continuum modeling

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... temperatures. The article describes the stages of the creep curve, discusses processes involved in the extrapolation of creep data, and summarizes notable creep constitutive models and continuum damage mechanics models. It demonstrates the effects of stress relaxation and redistribution on the remaining life...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006919
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... analyses, using either simple closed-form equations or the more precise numerical predictions often used in design. For example, with an elastic material model, the strain rate in an impacted component can be approximated. Using this approximation for strain rate and the temperature to which the component...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides a description of the microscale models and mechanisms for deformation and fracture. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are discussed for various specimen geometries and loading conditions. The article reviews the general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on characterizing the fracture-surface appearance at the microscale and contains some discussion on both crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms that cause the fracture appearance. It begins with a discussion on microscale models and mechanisms for deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006941
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... behavior of a plastic component. The relevant time scale of interest can be examined experimentally by conducting very long time scale creep experiments for constant load behavior or shorter time scale dynamic mechanical experiments in order to apply a time-dependent viscoelastic continuum mechanics model...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... related interest in quantitative assessment of load carrying capability as predicted by fracture mechanics (and vice versa). The coupling probably first became obvious when Griffith's model for brittle fracture was applied to the study of cleavage fracture in metallic materials in 1954...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as a function of time often follows a pattern consisting of an incubation period with little or no material removal, followed by an increasing rate, and finally a steady state. Some materials exhibit peaks with decelerating rate with or without a final steady state ( Fig. 2 ). Most mechanistic models...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or reduction in area is required to define whether a (ductile) distortion energy yield criterion or a (brittle) maximum normal stress or maximum shear criterion (perhaps modified by a normal stress term, such as the Coulomb-Mohr model) is used in design. Ductile behavior also is often associated with high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... methods, although it indicates that cyclic loading must be considered in the design. Furthermore, the current edition of ASME Section VIII, Division 2 ( Ref 15 ) includes the legacy ASME smooth-bar fatigue method and a more modern welded fatigue method based on the Battelle Structural stress model...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006934
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... Then, the widely used models to simulate the service life of polymers are highlighted. These include the Burgers power-law model, the Findley power-law model, the time-temperature superposition (or equivalence) principle (TTSP), and the time-stress superposition principle (TSSP). The Larson-Miller parametric...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... at the crack tip, characterizes the stress field associated with a sharp crack in an elastic continuum. Three geometric configurations are used to model the crack. Mode I refers to the crack opening with displacement normal to the fracture surface. Mode II refers to shear or antisymmetric crack-surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... volume into small elements (normally tetrahedra or hexahedra), BEA only discretizes the boundary. Both methods, however, employ continuum material models and produce only approximations. In general, accuracy improves as the number of elements increases. Convergence techniques are generally employed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... methods, however, employ continuum material models and produce only approximations. In general, accuracy improves as the number of elements increases. Convergence techniques are generally employed to ensure that a given solution is “correct.” Program output is the stress state in a given component...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the material, the permissible amplitude is zero. For general consideration of mean stress effects, various models of the mean-amplitude response have been proposed. One type of plot is the Haigh diagram, which plots mean stress ( S m ) versus stress amplitude ( S a ). The Haigh diagram can be a plot...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the basic principles of continuum mechanics). Thus, even though the overall applied stress is still a tensile load, deformation makes a transition to the shear plane in the outer regions of the specimen. In this mode II region, voids grow in sheets at an oblique angle (∼45° to the plane of the major...