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continuous-fiber composites

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a theoretical synthesis of the literature regarding the wear mechanisms of: Particulate-filled polymers Short fiber–reinforced polymers (SFRPs) Polymers with continuous fibers Mixed reinforcements (either with fiber and filler or with two types of fillers known as hybrid composites) and fabrics...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... particle was fibrous in shape. Attempt was then made to locate the source of the fiber. Possible sources of fibers were (a) the filter used in the nickel tank, or (b) the filter used in the air ducts. Samples of four different filter materials were collected and their microstructures and chemistry were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... techniques are continually being developed to handle the special inspection problems associated with these materials. System Description Ultrasonic nondestructive inspection techniques are useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to fill the mold, carrying any reinforcement with it. Ribs and bosses are filled with plastic and reinforcement, but little true control of reinforcement orientation can be achieved even though oriented continuous fiber is used in the starting material. The other variation of compression molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... at temperatures of 80 to 90 deg C (176 to 194 deg F). The fracture was unusual in that it was of a fibrous nature, the fibers-which were orientated radially-were readily detachable. The surface of the spindle adjacent to the fracture had an etched appearance and the mode of cracking in this region suggested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...–4.6 Polyethylene terephthalate 3.25 Cellulose cotton fiber (dry) 5.4 Cellulose kraft fiber (dry) 5.9 Cellulose cellophane (dry) 6.6 Cellulose triacetate 4.7 Polyvinyl acetate 3.7–3.8 Polycarbonate 2.9–3.0 Phenolics (cellulose-filled) 4–15 Phenolics (glass-filled) 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , and Tweedle P.J. , Proc. Int. Conf. Disc Brakes for Commercial Vehicles ( London ), 1–2 Nov 1988 , Mechanical Engineering Publications Ltd., 1988, p 5 28. Sinha S.K. and Biswas S.K. , Friction and Wear Behaviour of Continuous Fibre as Cast Kevlar-Phenolic Resin Composite , J...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or mechanical property as a function of temperature or time at a constant temperature or as a function of temperature. This dependency allows access to processing and performance information relating to resins and fiber-reinforced composites and can be used for quality assurance, process control, and new...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a significant influence on the S - N curves of polymers, and they should be considered when a component is made of polymers. Fiber type, orientation, distribution, and content are important parameters affecting fatigue properties in short-fiber (glass/carbon)-reinforced thermoplastic composites ( Ref 19...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... This review would not be complete without a discussion of moisture-induced failure mechanisms in composite materials. The discussion focuses on glass and carbon fiber reinforcement, limited to composites reinforced with continuous, uniaxially oriented fibers. Damage mechanisms may take several forms...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Publications Ltd. , 1988 , p 5 29. Sinha S.K. and Biswas S.K. , Friction and Wear Behaviour of Continuous Fibre as Cast Kevlar-Phenolic Resin Composite , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 27 , 1992 , p 3085 – 3091 10.1007/BF01154123 30. Sinha S.K. and Biswas S.K. , Effect...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Fiber lines in the ERW zone of one of the cross sections removed from sample 2. Arrows point to hard-appearing microstructures, one of which is cracked. Nital etch. 200×. Fig. 8 Closeup view of cracking (arrows) in a band of hard microstructure. Nital etch. 500×. Crack Origins/Path...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... interface. Due to the low modulus of many common polymers, height loss measurements should be performed carefully and selectively, as it is common for composites such PTFE with a low wt% of filler material to undergo unwanted geometry changes such as creep , the cold flow of a material under continuous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., contaminations such as particles, fibers, or inclusions may also cause failure. To guarantee the use of the correct raw materials (granules, additives, and fillers), the identity and composition of all the materials can easily be controlled by an IR-analysis. In the case of composite materials, defective layers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) Source: Ref 19 Orientation Straining of polymers can result in stretched areas of parallel, linear, partially ordered structures, as shown in Fig. 5(c) . This uniaxial orientation results from forming processes such as fiber spinning, pipe and profile extrusion, and flat-film extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... than that of the cable material. The experimenters succeeded in reducing the thermal contraction to match that of the metal without sacrificing the mechanical properties of the composite. Anisotropic Effects In the previous example, filler-matrix contraction is isotropic. In fiber-reinforced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the lengthwise (axial) direction of the fiber. The design of such processing would not be possible without an understanding of chemical structure. This introductory article describes the various aspects of chemical structure that are important to an understanding of polymer properties and thus their eventual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of accelerated life testing and aging of unreinforced and fiber-reinforced plastic materials for assessing long-term material properties and life expectancy in hostile service environments. It considers various environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, weathering, liquid chemicals (i.e...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or decomposition or increase because of gas absorption or chemical reaction. Thermogravimetric analysis can provide valuable information regarding the composition and thermal stability of polymeric materials. The obtained data can include the volatile content, inorganic filler content, glass-fiber level, carbon...