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continuous reinforced aluminum metal matrix composites

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the short glass fibers (SGFs) content. The holes produced on the surface are the result of SGFs pulling out due to poor adhesion between SGFs and the PES matrix ( Ref 27 ). In general, SFRP composites show better resistance to abrasive wear compared with long, continuous fiber-reinforced composites...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., aspect ratio, distribution, orientation, combination with fillers, and the quality of bonding with the matrix), and operating conditions. Fibers are far more wear resistant than the matrix and hence control the wear of composite. Continuous fiber-reinforced composites with a thermoset-polymer matrix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... techniques are continually being developed to handle the special inspection problems associated with these materials. System Description Ultrasonic nondestructive inspection techniques are useful in both quality control and research applications for flaw detection in fiber-reinforced composite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... corrosion weakens the role of reinforcements in composites and multiphase alloys. When composite materials and multiphase alloys are worn in corrosive environments, preferential corrosion of the matrix surrounding the reinforcement particles or hard second phases in the solid material microstructure weakens...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Fig. 1a , b ). Parabolic or elongated shear dimples occur from torsional loading ( Fig. 1c ) or from mode II (in-plane) shear. However, metallic materials can behave in a ductile manner but not exhibit the classical dimple-rupture morphology, as shown in Fig. 1(d) for a cast aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are: Exceeding the solubility necessary to keep the gas in solution Reaction-type pinhole formed by segregation during solidification Reaction product between the metal and mold material Gas solubility limits and gas porosity are some of the most serious problems in the casting of cast iron, aluminum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in galvanic attack of less noble metals. In the example shown at left, copper ions from the copper heater coil could deposit on the aluminum stirrer. A nonmetallic stirrer would be better. At right, the distance from a metal container to a heater coil should be increased to minimize ion transfer. (f) Wood...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., copper ions from the copper heater coil could deposit on the aluminum stirrer. A nonmetallic stirrer would be better. At right, the distance from a metal container to a heater coil should be increased to minimize ion transfer. (f) Wood treated with copper preservatives can be corrosive to certain nails...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... magnification are then described. Typical microscopic features observed on structural metals are presented subsequently, followed by a brief discussion on fatigue in polymers and polymer-matrix composites. engineering components fatigue fracture fractography metals polymer-matrix composites polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the discontinuities and flaws characterized by nondestructive examinations (NDEs) include: Bead convexity and amount of weld reinforcement Bead concavity, underfill, and undersized welds Undercut at the toe of the weld Cold laps Porosity Weld spatter Arc strikes Metallic and nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Lack of inspection during fabrication and variability in fabrication practice Operation of equipment/component beyond design specification Poor workmanship and improper selection of welding procedures and filler-metal composition account for numerous arc-weld failures. Other reasons...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum, and their alloys, are more or less susceptible to damage ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Only titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 4 ). This review focuses initially on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... output and select an extruder capable of producing a desired output. The rotating action of the screw mixes the polymer melt so that it has a homogeneous temperature. If a blend or composite mixture is to be created, the screw also disperses the filler phase into the polymer matrix. This can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... bearing materials used in automotive applications Bearing metal Peak stress (max) MPa psi Solid-metal bearings Aluminum alloy SAE 770-T101, 4.1 mm (0.162 in.) thick 34.5 5000 Bimetal bearings Tin Babbitt, 0.6 mm (0.022 in.) thick on steel 8.3 1200 Lead Babbitt...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... a significant influence on the S - N curves of polymers, and they should be considered when a component is made of polymers. Fiber type, orientation, distribution, and content are important parameters affecting fatigue properties in short-fiber (glass/carbon)-reinforced thermoplastic composites ( Ref 19...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... analyses are performed on metal and plastic materials center primarily on the techniques used to evaluate the composition and structure of the material. Unlike metals, polymers have a molecular structure that includes characteristics such as polymer functional groups, molecular weight, molecular weight...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., identifying and applying preventive and mitigative measures, and monitoring the effectiveness of mitigation” ( Ref 3 ). The Scope of Microbial Activity Microorganisms can directly or indirectly affect the integrity of many materials. Most metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum...