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continuous casting

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract In a continuously cast aluminum press stud, two small foreign metal slivers were found that had caused difficulties with the cable sheathing press. Spectroscopic examination revealed the slivers consisted of a chromium-molybdenum-vanadium steel with minor (unintentional) additions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001597
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract This case study involves two continuously cast steel crankshaft failures. Three parties performed their own failure analyses: (1) the engine manufacturer responsible for component design, specification, and application; (2) the steel supplier and forging supplier responsible for making...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../Copper Alloys There are three prominent possibilities of copper entrapment in steel, plates, and pipe manufacturing as shown in Fig. 5 : Copper molds used during continuous casting stage During pipe manufacturing at JCOE Induction coil used in hot induction bending (HIB) Fig. 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that the casting could be twisted and stretched as through made of rubber. The chemistry of the casting was acceptable for CN-7M. The reason the part failed is a continuous film of carbide with a continuous crack running parallel to the carbides. This sensitized structure produces an area depleted in protective...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... metal arc welding; neither preheating nor postheating was specified. The filler metal was E70S-6 continuous consumable wire with a copper coating to protect it from atmospheric oxidation while on the reel. Analysis of the two castings revealed that the carbon content was higher than specified, ranging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... ferrite bands in continuously cast medium carbon steels. In the as-cast state, internal cracks were found to occur along ferrite bands in which sulfide inclusions were located. A pearlite phase was found on both sides of the ferrite band, similar to the observations made in the present investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract The swivel head of a driving spindle of a four-high mill fractured. The fracture originated in a darkly stained spot on the bottom of the cylindrical part and then continued into the cylinder walls in the two directions. The fracture topography was of dendritic structure at the stained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... from the continuous erosion of the residue by action of the water within the pump. Corrosion products Erosion Residues Sand castings Gray iron Dealloying/selective leaching Deterioration of the vanes and a wearing away of the area surrounding the mainshaft-bearing housing of the pump...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A bull gear from a coal pulverizer at a utility failed by rolling-contact fatigue as the result of continual overloading of the gear and a nonuniform, case-hardened surface of the gear teeth. The gear consisted of an AISI 4140 Cr-Mo steel gear ring that was shrunk fit and pinned onto...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... consisted of a heavy gray cast iron frame, a gravity feeder port, a runner, and a heavy-duty motor. The frame and gravity feeder weighed over 200 kg (440 lb) and, in some areas, was over 25 mm (1 in.) thick. To obtain the operating speed of 200 rpm, a gear system was used to transmit the torque from the 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0090943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract A very large diameter worm gear that had been in service in a dam for more than 60 years exhibited cracks and was removed. It was reported that the high-strength, low-ductility cast bronze gear was only rarely stressed during service, associated with infrequent opening and closing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of standard J-55 ERW products that appeared to be reasonably well suited for sour service. All of these products had some or all of the following attributes: Made from continuously cast steel Relatively low carbon and sulfur contents Hot stretch reduced or full body normalized Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... advantages but is by no means free from disadvantages, one of the most serious being inadequate rigidity if the structure is not properly designed and fabricated. A casting is, or should be, a homogeneous entity, each part forming a continuation of another, and such a structure is therefore inherently rigid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Stator vanes (cast from a Cu-Mn-Al alloy) in a hydraulic dynamometer used in a steam-turbine test facility were severely eroded. The dynamometer was designed to absorb up to 51 MW (69,000 hp) at 3670 rpm, and constituted an extrapolation of previous design practices and experience. Its...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... corrosion conditions. The buckets are fabricated by conventional investment casting (equiaxial grains) and uncoated. One of the controlled elements that has a direct influence on the bucket behavior at high temperature is the grain size. 1 Typically, the maximum size of the grain, and sometimes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Fatigue fracture A cast countershaft pinion on a continuous reversible car puller for a blast furnace broke after 1 month of service; normal expected life was 12 months. Although operating conditions during the month in question were reported as normal, overloading did occur. The pinion was specified...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... were performed, the steel was continuously cast to produce a solid slab, which was cut to the desired lengths. During the casting, care was taken to shield the molten steel from contact with the atmosphere. A tundish located directly above the continuous casting mold trapped inclusions and slag...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001026
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Cracks were discovered in the cast 17-4 PH stainless steel outboard leading edge flap support of an aircraft wing during overhaul inspection. Failure analysis focused on an apparently intergranular area of fracture surface. It was determined that the original mode of crack growth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... These continued in an unbroken band under the baked area, the lake itself consisting of fine primary dendrites and the eutectic phase. It is evident from the microstructure that the lake area has solidified at a different time from the remainder of the casting surface. Fig. 4 Section through a laked area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that failure resulted from an intergranular attack. Subsequent microscope examination confirmed the generally intergranular mode of failure. A macro-etched section near the fracture revealed a radial arrangement of columnar crystals, indicating that the spindle was a cast and not a wrought product as had been...