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construction acceptance criteria

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... showed that the plates satisfied the criteria of BS 4741. It was concluded that the cause of crack initiation was the lack of a mouse hole at the junction between the stiffening ring and the wall of the tank. The tank was repaired and put back in service. When it was filled beyond the proof test level...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Applicable specifications, such as ASME and ANSI, typically consider the number of visibly broken wires in a prescribed length, or lay, to be an acceptance criterion. These criteria differ with regard to the rope design and service criticality, and whether the rope is in running or standing service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... are run at higher pressures such as 24/1 or 24/0.7 kg/cm 2 . The compressors are run under specified test conditions and must pass acceptance criteria for wear, performance (including noise and cooling capacity), and chemical stability. In accelerating the test condition with pressure, the wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001732
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
..., or unspecified) failure Over the years, the automotive industry in general, Ford included, has evolved an approach to design of products which will have an acceptable life in the hands of the customer. In each case, proving ground and road tests have been employed as the chief tool to establish the adequacy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... individuals representing the construction firm, the power company, and to a limited extent, government investigators, which included a limited metallurgical failure analysis. These investigations uniformly confirmed several key facts with respect to the incident. The failed anchor had been installed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.../ASME FFS-1 to determine the fitness-for-service (FFS) of damaged equipment at their production facilities ( Ref 6 ). The FFS code provides damage assessment techniques and acceptable criteria for different types of damage in components, such as: Temperature-induced embrittlement General...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... diagram (FAD), and deformation plasticity failure assessment diagram (DPFAD). This article presents the origin and description of FAD and addresses R6 FAD using J-integral. It details the fracture criteria of BS 7910. The factors to be considered during the use of FAD and the applications of FAD are also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... tends to behave in a ductile fashion and can absorb more energy prior to fracture. The definition of low temperature and high temperature are all relative to the material of construction. To prevent brittle fracture failures, an engineering evaluation is typically performed to establish a minimum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... philosophy was consequently regarded as acceptable. Fracture mechanics Low temperature Pressure vessels 1ZEET Fatigue fracture An extended ‘fitness for purpose’ evaluation of cold service pressure vessels (CSPV) used in the oil from coal industry was undertaken in 1982 ( 1 ). This study made...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or products, include the size and shape of a product, as well as the materials of construction and the manufacturing techniques used. The manner in which individual components are assembled into and integrate with the product as a whole describes the fit of components. The function of a product or system...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alarms if they are sufficiently large. The POD, or any other measure of the effectiveness of a technique, will obviously depend on the criteria for acceptance or rejection of a part. For example, in the case of a pulse-echo ultrasonic inspection, a received electrical signal at a time, T , after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... from which they are constructed cannot “fail” in the same sense as humans. They respond to their environments in ways which designers/engineers/scientists should understand and anticipate. So, the failure presented for analysis is really a failure to meet expectations. Whose expectations? Understanding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Most codes are based on acceptable workmanship criteria and not on a suitability-for-service basis ( Ref 22 ). AWS D1.1, “Structural Welding Code—Steel,” is one such example. The commentary explains this philosophy as follows ( Ref 15 ): A weld that does not comply with the acceptance criteria...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Analytical To obtain a picture of the stress and deformation state of the valve at various locations, particularly in the flange-to-juncture area, a number of finite-element computer models were constructed. The finite-element computer simulation method was chosen in lieu of experimental simulation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are constructed respond to their environments in accordance with the properties of their materials and hopefully in ways that designers anticipated. For the most part, there are four broad categories of expected material response that must be anticipated: fracture, deformation, corrosion, and wear. Fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the controlled parameters may include heat input, current, voltage, pressure, preheat temperature, and so on. Once a weld has been made in production according to a procedure, then it requires a final quality evaluation to determine if it meets the targeted acceptance criteria. Construction codes clearly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in detail in other sections of this Volume. Guidance for the design process itself is covered in detail in the Sections “The Design Process,” “Criteria and Concepts in Design,” and “The Materials Selection Process” in Materials Selection and Design , Volume 20 of the ASM Handbook , 1997. The Mode...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of certain untoughened epoxy resins and similar thermosets, inelasticity is the norm. Hence, the expectations of many theories of fracture mechanics based on Hookian behavior are not to be realized. Even theories that assume elastic-plastic criteria are inadequate, as they assume plastic behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method ( Ref 6 ) or by other methods presented in Ref 4 . In any method, the comparison criteria for alternative configurations should include the following: Functionality: Can exact dimensions and tolerances be imposed that will enable the part to perform its function properly and reliably...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the comparison criteria for alternative configurations should include: Functionality: Can exact dimensions and tolerances be imposed that will enable the part to perform its function properly and reliably? Use of materials: When dimensions are imposed, will the configuration provide for efficient...