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compressive strength

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... at four locations around the circumference of each insulator prolongation. The properties of MX-2646 material were monitored by the Quality Control Department to determine if they met drawing requirements. Specific gravity (1.68–1.77), compression strength perpendicular to the laminate 379.2MPa...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... , paper No.232, New Orleans, LA , March 9–14, 1997 . 11. ASTM D 4580–86, “Measuring Delaminations in Concrete Bridge Decks by Sounding,” 12. AASHTO T 22–92, “Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens,” Standard Specifications forn Transportation Materials and Methods of Sampling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0090276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... of tissue paper during manufacturing. The typical components consist of a cast iron shell, two cast iron concave heads, and a large cast iron internal center stay attached to journals. The heads are attached to the shell and center stay with high-strength bolts. FEA and metallurgical investigation supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... designation AFNOR 38CD4 (similar to AISI type 4140H) and was in the quenched-and-tempered condition, with a yield strength of about 760 MPa (110 ksi). It was treated to have compressive surface stresses, and the prior-austenite grain size was ASTM 8. Analysis (visual inspection, stress analyses...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be insufficient material for standard test specimen Anisotropic materials require multiple samples Properties can be specimen-size dependent Unidirectional compression Yield strength Tensile strength Ductility Components may not be conducive to a test specimen Anisotropic materials require multiple samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that of cortical bone, but has a higher healing rate ( Ref 17 ). Bones derive their overall strength from their geometric configuration. The typical compressive strength of bone is the result of the composite structure of organic collagen and apatite crystals. Combined Dynamic and Biochemical Attack Dynamic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of babbitt bushes was caused by a simultaneous and interrelated exhibition of fatigue and wear processes that depend considerably on cohesion strength between the bush and the bearing base and accumulation of defects on the contact surface between the bush and the shaft. Bearings Bushings Plasma...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Loran signal, so the wires were broken into smaller segments by placing a number of porcelain insulators in the strand. Porcelain, however, has limited tensile strength but good compressive strength, so the insulators must be loaded in compression with the complete strand loaded in tension...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... into the normally sealed bearing cap chamber surrounding the bolt shank. A complete absence of fractures in bolts from one of the two vendors was attributed primarily to surface residual compressive stresses produced on the bolt shank by a finish machining operation after heat treatment. Shot cleaning, with fine...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract A compression hip screw is a device designed to hold fractures in the area of the femur in alignment and under compression. A side plate, which is an integral part of the device, is attached by screws to the femur, and it holds the compression screw in position. The device...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , 4 ] Properties D2 tool steel A2 tool steel Young’s modulus 210,000 MPa (30,450 ksi) 190,000 MPa (27,600 ksi) Poisson’s ratio 0.27–0.30 0.27–0.30 Density 0.2830 lb/in 3 0.2790 lb/in 3 Hardness 43-63 HRC 50 HRC Compressive yield strength 1,650 MPa (239,000 psi...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The engine of an automobile lost power and compression and emitted an uneven exhaust sound after several thousand miles of operation. When the engine was dismantled, it was found that the outer spring on one of the exhaust valves was too short to function properly. The short...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... test results for 17-7 PH CH900 and for Custom 455 CH850 stainless steels. Laboratory testing of these two materials in the form of compression springs confirmed the superiority of the 17-7 PH over Custom 455. Aerospace components Coil springs Surface defects 302 UNS S30200 17-7 PH UNS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or corrosive atmospheres and temperatures that vary from extremely low, as in arctic or cryogenic environments, to extremely high, as in gas turbines. In addition, shafts may be subjected to a variety of loads—in general, tension, torsion, compression, bending, or combinations of these. Shafts are also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... because of gross overload. Use of an alloy with a much higher yield strength and improvement in design were recommended. Chain drives Cracking Motor vehicles Sand castings UNS A14130 A413.0 LM6M (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Background A sprocket drive wheel in a tracked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the fatigue strength of welded joints with beneficial compressive residual stress, improve the near-surface grain structure, and act to reduce the stress-concentration geometry in instances where it is applied to a small radius, as may be found in a weld toe, thus further improving the fatigue strength...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the stress above the design value or when the material strength is degraded. If either situation is a characteristic of the fabricated structure, the design must be changed to allow for these factors more realistically. Collapse due to instability under compressive stress, or buckling, may or may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cylindrical specimens of cold-worked 1020 steel, resembling tensile specimens with threaded ends, were stressed by alternating tensile and compressive loads of equal magnitude ( Ref 9 ). Buckling occurred with stresses approximately 60 to 90% of the 0.2% offset yield strength, and the cycles ranged from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... at room temperature. The material yield strength and ultimate strength were determined from the compression test. Optical Analysis To analyze the golf club hosel fracture surfaces, a field emission gun scanning electron microscope (SEM) (EVO 50, Carl Zeiss Microscopy) was used. All of the SEM...