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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... separated as those of immiscible blends. These blends exhibit transition temperatures that are shifted from those of the component polymers. The properties of both immiscible and partially miscible blends are sensitive to composition and processing conditions. Immiscible and partially miscible blends...
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 11 Schematic of the wear process of fiber-reinforced epoxy composite. Adapted from Ref 56 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 33 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 41 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 37 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 40 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... as an independent variable and the composition as a dependent variable. Clearly, controls such as material and purchasing specifications can be successfully implemented to obtain steel that will yield predictable and suitable post-processing properties for component manufacture. In commercial failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... at the same time [ Fig. 5 ]), and the computer processing requirements are less demanding. This makes the linear array system a much less expensive alternative that is ideally suited for finding defects such as delaminations that are common in composite materials. Fig. 5 Phased array linear. Example...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... from the original casting process. Surface repair welds had been used to fill in or cover over larger shrinkage cavities. It was recommended that more stringent visual and nondestructive examination criteria be established for the castings. A743 Electric power generation Repair welds Rotary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A forged aluminum alloy 2014-T6 catapult-hook attachment fitting (anodized by the chromic acid process to protect it from corrosion) from a naval aircraft broke in service. Spectrographic analysis, visual examination, microscopic examination, and tensile analysis showed minute cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001714
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... it to iron sponge at process temperature. The plant can make 1.000.000 tons of iron sponge per year. Reductor gases contain CO and H 2 and some amounts of CO 2 and H 2 O. This composition is obtained by mixing of reformer gas (fresh gas from reformer) with recycle gas. The CO 2 content of recycle gas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... understands the history of the component, so that it may be prepared for analysis properly. This article also describes some special analytical techniques, including field composition checkers and some nondestructive methods that can be used for in-process sorting that becomes necessary when a failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... composition. However, the spallation of the top coat during operation changes this situation. When the bond coat is exposed directly to operating environments including high temperature and thermal fatigue, degradations by mechanical and thermal causes proceed faster and accelerate the degradation process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... controlled, the viscosity, curing rate, and final cured properties such as the Tg and moduli might not be optimal. Temperature control in the mold is critical to achieving good flow before gelation and fast cure kinetics, resulting in a near-fully cured final part. For many composite processes, prepregs...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... hydrotesting procedures was recommended to prevent similar failures. Bacterial corrosion Chemical processing equipment, corrosion Leakage Pipe, corrosion 304 UNS S30400 Biological corrosion Pitting corrosion Background The type 304 stainless steel pipelines, vessels, and tanks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., which are natural components of wood. The batch process begins with filling the vessel ( Fig. 1 ) with wood chips and white and black liquor. This slurry is heated to 205 °C (400 °F) under a pressure of 965 kPa (140 psi) for approximately 2 1 2 h. The digested material is then discharged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001194
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A seamless hot-drawn boiler tube NW 300 of 318 mm OD and 9 mm wall thickness made of steel 15Mo3 was bent with sand filling after preheating allegedly to 1000 deg C. In the process it had cracked repeatedly in the drawn fiber. The composition corresponded to specifications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Grate bars in the traveling grate indurators in several taconite processing units suffered excessive corrosion during fluxed pellet production. They were made from HH grade stainless steel with a nominal composition of 0.35% C, 25% Cr, and 12% Ni, with the balance iron. The processing of taconite iron...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the formation of polythionic acid in the process gas. ring type pipe joint fracture polythionic acid stainless steel transgranular fracture fractography creep strength 347 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S34700 321 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S32100 Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a caustic solution (NaOH) to remove HCl from the stream, before the latter was directed to a burner. Metallographic examination showed that the cracks were intergranular and were frequently branched. Although nominal chemical composition of the component was found within the specified range, energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the CNT is transferred into the extruder and none is lost in the transfer process or sticks to the feed throat. A loss of 2 g of CNT will produce a batch of 1.6 wt% CNT composite—a 20% error in the formulation. The small batch runs are beneficial for trialing new product formulations and making variations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and characteristics of heat source) Chemical composition of base metal Cleaning preparation and after-process cleaning Chemical composition of filler metal Joint protection against oxidation flux, bath composition, protective atmospheres Joint temperature and time Joint design/joint geometry, joint...