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composite materials

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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 8 Ultrasonic A-scan of a composite material More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 37 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 40 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 33 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 41 More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Of the many different nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques, ultrasonic inspection continues to be the leading nondestructive method for inspecting composite materials, because measurements can be quantitative and the typical defect geometries and orientations lend themselves...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
wear and significant improvements in impact abrasion resistance. In contrast, due to the hard phases, the composite material performs better than would be expected, given its bulk hardness; however, due to its low fracture toughness, it performs significantly worse in more severe wear modes. More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
wear and significant improvements in impact abrasion resistance. In contrast, due to the hard phases, the composite material performs better than would be expected, given its bulk hardness; however, due to its low fracture toughness, it performs significantly worse in more severe wear modes. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... composites (SFRP and particulate-filled), unidirectional FRP composites, and fabric reinforced composites. Friction and wear performance of the composites, correlation of performance with various materials properties, and studies on wear-of failure mechanisms by scanning electron microscopy are discussed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... contact pressure acts as an obstacle against the debris, and worn particles escape from the junction of the bearing bodies and affect the frictional behavior as a third-body effect and conversely. Material Properties As a class of composite materials, RPs are considered to be a complex material due...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006946
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... • Frados J. , Ed., Plastics Engineering Handbook , 4th ed. , John Wiley & Sons , 1976 • Harper C.A. , Ed., Handbook of Plastics and Elastomers , McGraw-Hill , 1975 • Pebly H.E. , Glossary of Terms, in Composites , Vol 1 , Engineered Materials Handbook , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses different types of mechanical fasteners, including threaded fasteners, rivets, blind fasteners, pin fasteners, special-purpose fasteners, and fasteners used with composite materials. It describes the origins and causes of fastener failures and with illustrative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and specimen edge effects. The important point is the consideration of which water uptake model the material follows. Simple cases, such as homogenous material, absorb moisture uniformly, where the Fickian model applies. Complex systems, such as laminates and composites, exhibit uneven absorption, where...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... limit of polymer composites and polymer testing best practices. friction testing lubrication polymers wear rate wear testing TRIBOLOGY is the study of contacting materials in relative motion, more specifically the study of friction, wear, and lubrication ( Ref 1 ). The term tribology...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., to provide a composite material having the virtues of both attributes. Bars and sections in H.15 alloy are mostly produced by extrusion, and some material processed in this way has been prone to ,in unusual type of corrosion, to which the description “layer” or “exfoliation corrosion” has been given...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography Fracture toughness testing was performed on composite specimens composed of base, fusion line, and weld materials at 540 °C (1000 °F) in accordance with ASTM Standard E813-87. The cracking plane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to 67.95 mm (2.675 in.) thick Ferralium. The compositions of these two stainless steel materials are given in Table 1 . Corrosion occurred in the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ) between the peripheral tubes and the Ferralium floating skirt, in approximately the 6 o'clock position. Tube sheet corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... similar to ASTM A395. Visual examination of the rotor revealed unusually heavy oxidation and thermal fatigue cracking along the edge of the gas passage. Material properties, including microstructure, composition, and hardness, of both the rotor and housing were evaluated to determine the cause of failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concentrations of elements can cause false readings with many of the common methods. If the chemist has not calibrated with a similar specimen with a higher content than the specimen in question, an analytical error could easily go undetected. Many composition analysis methods must be calibrated with a material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... presumed. Spectroscope examination showed this particular composition (Fe-23Cr-18Ni-1.8Mo-1.2Si) did not conform to a standard specification and is apparently a proprietary alloy. It was evident that the particular mode of failure was related to the inherent structure of the material. Corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Schematic showing the dimensions of the tube before and after annealing cycle Chemical Composition Chemical composition was determined using energy dispersive scanning spectrometer (EDS) and combustion type carbon/sulfur analyzer. The results showed that the material is equivalent to 28Cr3SiNiWMoV...