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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 37 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 40 More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 33 Materials performance as a result of the interactions among composition, processing, structure, and properties. Source: Ref 41 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
and significant improvements in impact abrasion resistance. In contrast, due to the hard phases, the composite material performs better than would be expected, given its bulk hardness; however, due to its low fracture toughness, it performs significantly worse in more severe wear modes. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., mixed composites (SFRP and particulate-filled), unidirectional FRP composites, and fabric reinforced composites. Friction and wear performance of the composites, correlation of performance with various materials properties, and studies on wear-of failure mechanisms by scanning electron microscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses different types of mechanical fasteners, including threaded fasteners, rivets, blind fasteners, pin fasteners, special-purpose fasteners, and fasteners used with composite materials. It describes the origins and causes of fastener failures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination Scanning Electron Microscopy/Fractography Fracture toughness testing was performed on composite specimens composed of base, fusion line, and weld materials at 540 °C (1000 °F) in accordance with ASTM Standard E813-87. The cracking plane...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... to 67.95 mm (2.675 in.) thick Ferralium. The compositions of these two stainless steel materials are given in Table 1 . Corrosion occurred in the weld heat-affected zone (HAZ) between the peripheral tubes and the Ferralium floating skirt, in approximately the 6 o'clock position. Tube sheet corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... iron similar to ASTM A395. Visual examination of the rotor revealed unusually heavy oxidation and thermal fatigue cracking along the edge of the gas passage. Material properties, including microstructure, composition, and hardness, of both the rotor and housing were evaluated to determine the cause...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... with pure aluminium, to provide a composite material having the virtues of both attributes. Bars and sections in H.15 alloy are mostly produced by extrusion, and some material processed in this way has been prone to ,in unusual type of corrosion, to which the description “layer” or “exfoliation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... elemental composition analysis methods and explains the concept of referee and economy test methods. Clues for communicating with the metals chemistry service provider are also given. There are many potential pitfalls in analyzing materials that have been in service, and it is important that the chemist...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... showed the material to have the following composition: Per cent. Chromium 23.0 Nickel 18.0 Molybdenum 1.8 Silicon 1.2 Manganese 0.75 Titanium Nil Niobium Nil As far as it was possible to ascertain, this particular composition does not conform to a standard...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Schematic showing the dimensions of the tube before and after annealing cycle Chemical Composition Chemical composition was determined using energy dispersive scanning spectrometer (EDS) and combustion type carbon/sulfur analyzer. The results showed that the material is equivalent to 28Cr3SiNiWMoV...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of high hardness were revealed at the edges of the weld metal. It was revealed by chemical analysis of this band that a stainless steel filler metal had been used which produced mixed composition at the weld boundaries. The plating material was revealed to be nickel by chemical analysis. It was concluded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0065827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... composition broke in service. Results of chipper knife field trials Table 1 Results of chipper knife field trials See Example in text. Knife material Average results per run Production per in. of knife Run time, min No. boxes of chips Resharpening time, min Stock removal No. of runs Run...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... of brittle overload fracture due to excessive iron-zinc phase and gross porosity. These conditions acted synergistically to reduce the strength of the material. The composition was nonstandard, and the inherent brittleness suggested that it was unlikely that this material was an intentional proprietary alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract An impact breaker bar showed signs of rapid wear. The nominal composition of this chromium alloy cast iron was Fe-2.75C-0.75Mn-0.5Si-0.5Ni-19.5Cr-1.1Mo. The measured hardness of this bar was 450 to 500 HRB. The desired hardness for this material after air hardening is 600...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Table 1 presents results of chemical analysis by optical emission spectrometry. Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Composition, % Material C Mn P S Si Cu Sn Ni Cr Mo Al V Main flange steel 0.23 0.62 0.024...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... as an independent variable and the composition as a dependent variable. Clearly, controls such as material and purchasing specifications can be successfully implemented to obtain steel that will yield predictable and suitable post-processing properties for component manufacture. In commercial failure analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... with a carbide compound, providing it with a heat-resistant material where temperatures are extremely high. Second, pistons could be of an aluminum-graphite or aluminum-boron composite, eliminating surface melting because pure aluminum has a melting point 200 F higher than the interdendritic material...