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compacted graphite iron castings

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the Impact Wear Resistance of Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) , Wear , Vol 270 , 2011 , p 302 – 311 10.1016/j.wear.2010.11.003 37. Slatter T. , Lewis R. , and Jones A.H. , The Influence of Cryogenic Processing on Wear on the Impact Wear Resistance of Low Carbon Steel and Lamellar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Figure 3(b) shows the worn surface of a cast iron tribological specimen, with compacted gray scales mainly made of iron oxides ( Ref 15 ). Fig. 3 (a) Visual inspection of wear debris produced by a brake pad/rotor system. The presence of dark particles (mainly magnetite) is a clear indication...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... cast iron. The cause of the embrittlement, then, is not so much the absorption of hydrogen as the formation of the crack-like voids. Evidence will be given later to support the postulate that these voids are formed because of the formation of methane, not because of the large amount of hydrogen per se...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 1095 2000 4 310 1150 2100 4 316, 317, 321, 347 925 1695 4 330 1150 2100 4 405, 410 705 1300 4 416 675 1245 4 420 620 1150 4 430 815 1500 4 440 760 1400 4 442 980 1795 4 446 1095 2005 4 Superalloys N-155 iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (distortion) of the stainless steel piping and further crack penetration into the piping wall. The cracks continued to propagate during service from stresses induced in the piping. In another case, a transfer line carrying 73% sodium hydroxide developed a leak at a weld joining a cast Monel coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... distribution in high-strength age-hardening aluminum alloys, but different behavior in an aluminum casting alloy has been reported ( Ref 31 ). The iron- and/or silicon-rich phases are the inclusions that are smaller than other phases created by solute additions for age-hardening response. In this case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...). Source: Ref 30 There is also a particle size distribution in high-strength, age-hardening aluminum alloys, but different behavior in an aluminum casting alloy has been reported ( Ref 31 ). The iron- and/or silicon-rich phases are the inclusions that are smaller than other phases created...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... causes complete spheroidization and finally coalescence into large particles of iron carbide. Still further heating may cause final reversion of the iron carbide to graphite, which may result in loss of impact and ductility and reduction of tensile strength properties. Figure 5 shows spheroidization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxygen in slurry is high, and aquaculture applications of copper alloys. Severe wear and severe corrosion condition: In this case, resistance to both corrosion and wear is required. High-chromium cast iron containing higher concentrations of chromium, such as ASTM A532 class IIIA, could be a good...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... service-run cast IN-738 nickel-base superalloy gas turbine blades ( Fig. 1 ). Fractographic examination of a fracture surface using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed an intergranular crack surface at the trailing edge ( Fig. 2 ). Comparison with images in an atlas of fracture features taken from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to isolate the variables. In some instances, ultrasonic testing has proved to be a useful tool in failure analysis, particularly in the investigation of large castings and forgings. Cracks, laminations, shrinkage cavities, bursts, flakes, pores, disbonds, and other discontinuities that produce reflective...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... located at various radial distances from the center of the shaft cross section. Compact-type specimens, 25.4 and 6.25 mm (1 and 0.25 in.) thick, were used for fracture-toughness and fatigue-crack-growth rate testing. In addition, 12.5 × 50.8 mm (0.5 × 2 in.) center-crack-tension specimens were also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Goodman line, Gerber’s parabola, and Soderberg line A parabolic connection leads to the Gerber parabola ( Ref 4 ): (Eq 12) S a = S alt 1 − ( S m / S u ) The behavior of brittle materials, such as gray cast iron, is mainly modeled with the Goodman line...