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compacted graphite iron

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on the Impact Wear Resistance of Compacted Graphite Iron (CGI) , Wear , Vol 270 , 2011 , p 302 – 311 10.1016/j.wear.2010.11.003 37. Slatter T. , Lewis R. , and Jones A.H. , The Influence of Cryogenic Processing on Wear on the Impact Wear Resistance of Low Carbon Steel and Lamellar...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., mild wear by tribo-oxidative wear at low temperature takes place. In this case, the compacted oxide scales contain both iron and aluminum oxides. If the operating parameters increase in intensity, a transition into severe adhesive wear also takes place. If this intensity becomes too high, extremely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The subject service failures occurred in boiler desuperheaters in five modern Naval power plants of compact construction and having therefore high fluxes through heat-transfer surfaces. These desuperheaters consist of steel tubing submerged in the water of the steam drum. Superheated steam, at 950 F in most...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 1095 2000 4 310 1150 2100 4 316, 317, 321, 347 925 1695 4 330 1150 2100 4 405, 410 705 1300 4 416 675 1245 4 420 620 1150 4 430 815 1500 4 440 760 1400 4 442 980 1795 4 446 1095 2005 4 Superalloys N-155 iron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of debris layer of steel/steel interface. (a) Powder debris bed in a steel/steel interface. Adapted from Ref 71 . (b) Debris platelets generated from the compaction and agglomeration of thin oxide debris Fig. 33 Effect of atmospheric pressure on the friction and wear of a carbon steel cylinder...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... At higher magnification, evidence of some plastic deformation before fracture was found. Energy-dispersive spectrometry (EDS) scans of an oxidized area of the fracture revealed traces of sulfur and chlorine, probably from the dye penetrant, and the iron, chromium, and nickel normally present. At another...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... causes complete spheroidization and finally coalescence into large particles of iron carbide. Still further heating may cause final reversion of the iron carbide to graphite, which may result in loss of impact and ductility and reduction of tensile strength properties. Figure 5 shows spheroidization...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... dissolution with or without forming a nonprotective scale (such as a porous iron oxide scale on carbon steel) in the corrosive environment. Corrosive wear is surface damage caused by wear in a corrosive environment, involving combined attacks from wear and corrosion. Phenomena and Typical Forms of Corrosive...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with Cottrell's model using MgO ( Ref 17 ) and in iron ( Ref 18 ). As Ref 4 indicates, the work reported in Ref 13 supports such a model of dislocation interaction to create a cleavage nucleus. Specimens tested at 77 K could be made to flow plastically or to fail in a brittle manner, depending on specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Experimental work obtained results consistent with Cottrell’s model using MgO ( Ref 17 ) and in iron ( Ref 18 ). As Ref 4 indicates, the work reported in Ref 13 supports such a model of dislocation interaction to create a cleavage nucleus. Specimens tested at 77 K could be made to flow plastically...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Gouging, abrasion, polishing, or erosion Galling or scoring in direction of motion Roughened areas with compacted powdered debris (fretting) Smooth gradual transitions in wastage Multiple brittle-appearing fissures External surface and internal fissures contain reaction scale coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... located at various radial distances from the center of the shaft cross section. Compact-type specimens, 25.4 and 6.25 mm (1 and 0.25 in.) thick, were used for fracture-toughness and fatigue-crack-growth rate testing. In addition, 12.5 × 50.8 mm (0.5 × 2 in.) center-crack-tension specimens were also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Goodman line, Gerber’s parabola, and Soderberg line A parabolic connection leads to the Gerber parabola ( Ref 4 ): (Eq 12) S a = S alt 1 − ( S m / S u ) The behavior of brittle materials, such as gray cast iron, is mainly modeled with the Goodman line...