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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 1 Structures of selected commodity and engineering plastics. Polymer chains are made up of the repeat units shown, joined end to end. Source: Ref 2 – 7 More
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Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 11 Stress amplitude versus cycles to failure, or S - N behavior, of several commodity plastics. PS, polystyrene; EP, epoxy; PET, polyethylene terephthalate; PMMA, polymethyl methacrylate; PPO, polypropylene oxide; PE, polyethylene; PP, polypropylene; PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This introductory article describes the various aspects of chemical structure that are important to an understanding of polymer properties and thus their eventual effect on the end-use performance of engineering plastics. The polymers covered include hydrocarbon polymers, carbon-chain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... viscoelasticity Engineering and Commodity Plastics In contrast to commodity plastics such as polyethylene and polystyrene that are familiar in inexpensive and disposable consumer goods, engineering plastics are used in smaller amounts and may replace metal parts in electronics, plumbing, automotive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... as: (Eq 3) B , W , ( W − a ) > 2.5 E σ y ( 1 − v 2 ) G Ic σ y For instance, for a commodity plastic such as acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) or even a tough glassy engineering plastic such as PC, the minimum size of both SENB and CT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... characterization of such systems is problematic for load-bearing applications in which sustained cyclic forces are anticipated over 10 million cycles or when peak forces are expected over long periods of time. The S - N behavior of several commodity plastics is shown in Fig. 11 . It is important to note...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of hydrogen embrittlement discussed include internal reversible hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen environment embrittlement, and hydrogen reaction embrittlement. The article describes preservice and early-service fractures of commodity-grade steel components suspected of hydrogen embrittlement. Some prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis practitioner or for someone who is contemplating procurement of a cost-effective failure analysis of commodity-grade components suspected of hydrogen embrittlement. Some prevention strategies for design and manufacturing problem-induced hydrogen embrittlement are also provided. failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the statistical reproducibility/repeatability of commercial and proprietary testing laboratories is participation in the ASTM Proficiency Testing Program. This program involves a semiannual characterization of commonly reported (amorphous, semicrystalline, and mineral-filled or glass fiber-reinforced) commodity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article discusses technologies focused on processing plastic materials or producing direct tools used in plastics processing. The article focuses on extrusion and injection molding, covering applications, materials and their properties, equipment, processing details, part design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for plastic and metal household articles Improve the aesthetic appearance with gloss/matt finish Aesthetics and household applications Commodity packaging Coatings for metal can or glass and polymer packaging Enhanced oil/water-repelling ability High abrasion resistance during production...