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commercially pure iron

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Post-service destructive evaluation was performed on two commercially pure zirconium pump impellers. One impeller failed after short service in an aqueous hydrochloric acid environment. Its exposed surfaces are bright and shiny, covered with pockmarks, and peppered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). 22 None of the body-piercing materials studied are in accordance with ISO 5832 standards. Jewelry 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 were manufactured in nonsurgical grade stainless steel. Jewelry 4 was produced with commercially pure niobium. All jewelry presented surface linear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) and liquid metal induced embrittlement (LMIE). It describes the unique features that assist in arriving at a clear conclusion whether SMIE or LMIE is the most probable cause of the problem. The article briefly reviews some commercial alloy systems where LMIE or SMIE has been documented. It also provides some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., to reduce soluble sulfate. Enzyme assays for sulfate reductase and for hydrogenase have been developed as commercially available kits for assessing SRB activity in corrosion sites. The presence of specific iron sulfides is also used to identify this form of MIC. Acid-producing bacteria (APB) may have a role...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , 1986 , p 514 – 528 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811 • Dove A.B. , Steel Wire , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , p 277 – 288 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001017 Wire ropes are among the most...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... also briefly reviews some commercial alloy systems in which liquid-metal-induced embrittlement or solid-metal-induced embrittlement has been documented and describes some examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. commercial alloy systems failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... that pure rolling occurs. Fig. 8 Sequence of rolling and sliding motion with gear rotation. Reproduced courtesy of Gear Tech In the first position in Fig. 8 , the pitch circles of the two teeth are mating. At this point, the action is pure rolling, and the only force on the teeth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., cleavage across a grain on a single plane would be expected to result in smooth fracture surfaces. Such results are sometimes observed in high-purity, single-crystal specimens but are seldom seen in commercial engineering materials. Commercial engineering materials contain both a distribution of inclusions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Alternately, cleavage across a grain on a single plane would be expected to result in smooth fracture surfaces. Such results are sometimes observed in high-purity single-crystal specimens but are seldom seen in commercial engineering materials. Commercial engineering materials contain both a distribution...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-centered cubic (bcc) structure, deformation generally is strain-rate sensitive. Thus, their reaction to cavitation is always a competition between flow and fracture. When pure iron is subjected to cavitation, it exhibits both brittle and ductile failure mechanisms. For hexagonal close-packed (hcp...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... alloy) may cause serious galvanic corrosion of magnesium in saline environments. Very pure aluminum is quite compatible, acting as a polarizable cathode; however, when iron content exceeds 200 ppm, cathodic activity becomes significant (apparently because of the depolarizing effect of the intermetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... deformation structure of the screw is visible at the bottom of the micrograph. 62× For comparison, the shearing fractures of a commercially pure titanium screw and a cast cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy (ASTM F75) screw are shown in Figures 12 and 13 . The spiral-textured fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Breme J. , Titanium and titanium alloys, biomaterials of preference . Mèmoires et É tudes Scientifiques Revue de Métallurgie , Octobre , 1989 , pp. 625 – 637 6. ISO 5832-1:2007 , Implants for surgery—Metallic materials—Part 1: Wrought stainless steel , Part 2: Commercially pure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The article focuses on the types of hydrogen embrittlement that occur in all the major commercial metal and alloy systems, including stainless steels, nickel-base alloys, aluminum and aluminum alloys, titanium and titanium alloys, copper and copper alloys, and transition and refractory metals. The specific...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Alloy Environment 600 Cathodic charge/tensile test C-276, C-4, MP35N, 625, 718 … Pure nickel Cathodic charge H 2 SO 4 K500 Sour oil and gas environment X750 5% NaCl + 5% CH 3 COOH + H 2 S 718, A286, 625 Hydrogen gas (34 MPa, or 5000 psi) charged at room temperature Pure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surfaces. Fig. 1 General features of fatigue fractures. Initiation of Fatigue Initiation of fatigue in common components made of commercial alloys occurs at—and is dominated by—material and geometric heterogeneities. Sites fostering fatigue crack initiation include inclusions, second phase...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Emf Series The emf series is a table that lists in order the standard electrode potentials of specified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Source: Ref 4 Fig. 26 Fatigue cracks in laboratory test specimens. (a) Steering knuckle made of ferritic ductile iron showing macroscopic features of a fatigue crack initiated at a sharp corner. (b) Rotating-bending fatigue specimen made of as-cast gray iron. Fatigue in this relatively...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... circumstances. In some ductile materials, shear-band fractures may also show evidence of microvoid coalescence (MVC), typically associated with dimple rupture. In pure metals and alloys refined to remove all impurities (where there is no ready supply of sites for microvoids to nucleate), the material may fail...