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cold drawing

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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 19 Change in behavior of a polymeric material with increasing strain rate and/or decreasing temperature. (a) Brittle behavior. (b) Limited ductility behavior. (c) Cold drawing behavior. (d) Rubbery behavior. Curve (a) could represent testing below the glass transition temperature. Source More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 18 Change in behavior of a polymeric material with increasing strain rate and/or decreasing temperature. (a) Brittle behavior. (b) Limited ductility behavior. (c) Cold drawing behavior. (d) Rubbery behavior. Curve (a) could represent testing below the glass transition temperature. Source More
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Published: 15 May 2022
) with necking and cold drawing, (4) above the glass transition temperature with homogenous deformation (quasi-rubber-like behavior) More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by cold drawing high-carbon wire rod in multi-pass drawing machines. In addition to high tensile strength, roping wires must also possess good surface characteristics and adequate torsion and bend properties to withstand the rigors of rope manufacture and service exposure. The overall strength of a wire...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0090932
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to ductile overload. The forming stresses were sufficient to initiate surface ruptures, suggestive of having exceeded the forming limit. Recommendations included examining the forming process, including lubrication and workpiece fixturing. Cold drawing Cracks Wire 303 UNS S30300 Ductile fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Steel wires, produced from controlled cooled or patented wire rods by single or multipass cold drawing, have many engineering applications including the manufacture of springs, needles, wire ropes, screws, and so forth. In rope manufacturing, steel wires are laid helically in different layers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... necessary to cause cracking were doubtless of the residual type, inherent in wire of this quality, which is work-hardened by cold-drawing in order to attain the necessary tensile strength. The origin of the chlorides was not so evident it is remotely possible that the rotor may have been inadvertently...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A brass (CDA alloy 230) pipe nipple that was part of a domestic cold water bath system failed two weeks after installation. Macrofractography, SEM examination, metallography, and chemical analyses were performed on specimens cut through the main fracture surface. The physical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001186
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the fracture, but they had no effect on the breakage of the wire. Away from the fracture area, the wire had a normal structure of hyperfine lamellar pearlite (sorbite) of a “patented” and cold drawn steel wire. In the vicinity of the fracture, the cementite of the pearlite was partially spheroidized, while...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Several wires in aluminum conductor cables fractured within 5 to 8 years of, service in Alaskan tundra. The cables were comprised of 19-wire strands; the wires were aluminum alloy 6201-T81. Visual and metallographic examinations of the cold-upset pressure weld joints in the wires...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0089254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... grade of carbon steel (SAE type 1144, UNS G11440), as required by the manufacturer. This type of steel is marketed as having a rather unusual combination of high strength and high machinability. The source of the high strength is in the carbon content and the cold-drawing process used to produce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001118
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... commercial quality levels for inclusions ( Fig. 10a ). Spring 2 also contained similar levels of isolated inclusions, which may have been related to the drawing defects shown in Fig. 8 . The microstructure of both samples was composed of heavily worked elongated grains, typical of cold drawn stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The springs formed from 3.8 mm diam cold-drawn carbon steel wire failed to comply with load-test requirements. A split wire in the spring was revealed by investigation. A smooth heat-tinted longitudinal zone was observed in the fracture. It was concluded that the spring failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
..., it is not practical to hot extrude thin wall tubes beyond a specified limit. Drawing is an easier and less expensive process than extrusion; therefore, a thick wall tube is cold extruded and finished on a draw bench or pilger mill. The drawing process is essentially a tensile process. Microcracks and other defects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) intermediate temperature with some ductility, (3) greater temperature (approaching glass transition temperature) with necking and cold drawing, (4) above the glass transition temperature with homogenous deformation (quasi-rubber-like behavior) At low temperatures, the stress increases, the strain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... nearly identical conditions, drawing water from an open tank through a standpipe, had no observable failures. Etched micrographs 100x of samples taken from the impellers showed clean, pockmarked, severely eroded surfaces, characteristic of cavitation damage. Investigation also revealed that considerable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A heavily worked 304 stainless steel wire basket recrystallized and distorted while in service at 650 deg C (1200 deg F). This case study demonstrates that heavily cold worked austenitic stainless steel components can experience large losses in creep strength, and potentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... the drawing specification. Fig. 2 Scanning electron microscope micrograph of typical eye fracture morphology consisting of woody, ductile features. 500× Metallographic examination was performed through the fracture surfaces, and the fracture profile of the fracture surface near the shank...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... operations are also classified as either primary metalworking (where mill forms such as bar, plate, tube, sheet, and wire are worked from ingot or other cast forms) or secondary metalworking (where mill products are further formed into finished products by hot forging, cold forging, drawing, extrusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to the electroplating operation); however, embrittlement of prior austenite grain boundaries should not be possible with cold-drawn music wire. In music wire the ferrite grains and pearlite colonies are severely deformed, and any prior austenite grain boundaries are destroyed during the drawing operation. Indeed...