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cold climate

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... not be any issues, since they rarely are exposed to temperatures below 55 °F. So your average TV, DVD player, and Wii are going to be unaffected. But what may be more susceptible are electronic products destined to operate in cold climates, like telecommunication base stations (cell phone towers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the deformation direction of wrought products and its relationship to the applied and residual stresses. Perform microhardness testing to measure case depths, evaluate cold working, determine quality of weldments, and aid in identifying phases. Perform high-magnification metallographic examination using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... extent by using nuts of a softer material that will yield and distribute the load more uniformly over the engaged threads. Significant additional improvement in fatigue life is also obtained by rolling (cold working) the threads after heat treatment rather than cutting them, as suggested in Example 5...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... times. To understand the long-term performance of a material intended for outdoor use, it can be tested in a harsh, real-world environment such as the subtropical climate of southern Florida or the desert climate of Arizona, because these areas maximize the weathering factors mentioned previously...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... In this system, impact damage between couplers could be categorized by the temperature environment. Avoiding cold weather climates and, more significantly, changing the thermal processing environment during heat treatment could control failures. Categorizing the failure as being caused by the stress environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... changed from normalize and temper to a quench and temper heat treatment, lowering the ductile-brittle transition temperature. In this system, impact damage between couplers could be categorized by the temperature environment. Avoiding cold weather climates and, more significantly, changing the thermal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... evident during operations. For example, small cracks were not detected in a carbon steel ASTM A105 steam drum nozzle that was arc gouged. Consequently, during a cold start-up, a 46 cm (18 in.) crack occurred. Figure 7 shows the cracked nozzle. Prior to the cold start-up, the steam drum had been...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are undetected and become evident during operations. For example, small cracks were not detected in a carbon steel ASTM A 105 steam drum nozzle that was arc gouged. Consequently, during a cold start-up, a 46 cm (18 in.) crack occurred. Figure 7 shows the cracked nozzle. Prior to the cold start-up, the steam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in a cold climate. A fuel preheater system was installed to prevent condensation, but it could not be confirmed whether it was operational during the service period, which suggested a potential root cause of the failure. Thermal-Mechanical Fatigue Cycling (startup/shutdown) of a gas turbine leads...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of chemically degraded specimens with samples from identified MIC sites ( Ref 70 , 74 ). Preferential attack can also occur in a single phase, due to cold work effects on microstructure ( Ref 70 , 74 ). Fig. 12 MIC of stainless steel weldments. (a) MIC showing a surface view of interdendritic attack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) and low temperatures in the winter differ by location (e.g., -15 °C/5 °F on average in Edmonton compared to 5 °C/41 °F on average in Phoenix), the temperature swing from a cold start to operational conditions might be as high as 108 °C or 195 °F in Edmonton compared to only 88 °C or 159 °F in Phoenix...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... procedures suitable for 1035 steel were not appropriate for the higher-alloy material. Effect of Metallurgical Discontinuities Nonmetallic inclusions, seams, laps, bursts, and pipes are common discontinuities found in wrought products that may cause premature failure. Shrinkage, gas porosity, and cold...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9