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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... reported recurring premature failures of titanium nitrided M2 tool steel gear hobs. The hobs were used to produce carbon steel ring gears The choice of a high-performance coating combined with a hard, abrasion- and temperature-resistant base material should provide for long tool life. The hob...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047428
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the dragline bucket were warned against further hardfacing of these teeth. Hard surfacing Weld deposited coatings Steel casting Brittle fracture Surface treatment related failures A cast dragline bucket tooth failed by fracturing after a short time in service. The tooth was made of medium-carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001656
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to sinusoidal load fluctuations at 6.7 Hz in air, 3% NaCl solution, and natural sea water are described. Reinforcement types studied included: hot-rolled mild steel bar, hot-rolled alloyed high strength bar, cold-worked high strength bar, galvanized bar of all these three types, nickel-clad bar and epoxy-coated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and corrosion of reinforcing steel. Much of the existing infrastructure, both of steel and reinforced concrete construction, can be internally lined or externally coated to prevent deterioration. Linings can be used to control corrosion of the structure as well as provide structural integrity where leaks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... failure can generally be idealized by Hertzian contact conditions, but the interpretation of these fields should be approached with caution, because they do not account for variation in properties (e.g., case-hardened steels, coatings), friction, or material inhomogeneities. The primary purpose...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in water or seawater that is exposed to the atmosphere (a steel pier piling, for example). Corrosion occurs. The anodic reaction is: (Eq 14) Fe → Fe 2 + + 2 e − Because the medium is exposed to the atmosphere, it contains dissolved oxygen. Water and seawater are nearly neutral...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Cadmium plating Chemical processing equipment Chemical processing industry Regenerators Valves Cadmium-coated steel Surface treatment related failures Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... deposition, and thermal spraying (TS). It provides a background to RCF in bearing steels in order to develop an understanding of failure modes in overlay coatings. The article describes the underpinning failure mechanisms of TiN and diamond-like carbon coatings. It presents an insight into the design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The coating must be either burnished or cured at 540 deg C (1000 deg F) to provide cathodic protection to the steel. Other coatings, such as cadmium or aluminum, were also recommended if a thinner coating is needed. Cathodic protection Protective coatings Studs H11 UNS T20811 Stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0091598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... dry thickness of 0.3 mm (0.013 in.) was applied to the interior surfaces of the hoppers. Although high stress levels in the steel resulting from welding, unloading, and traveling on uneven roads contributed to the cracking, it was more economical to coat the interior surfaces of the steel hoppers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... austenitic grain boundaries. Abstract Cadmium-coated type 410 martensitic stainless steel 1 4 -14 self-drilling tapping screws fractured during retorquing tests within a few weeks after installation. The screws were used to assemble structural steel frames for granite panels that formed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the tubing. The KSC standard for protective coatings of stainless steels used in launch structures specifies that austenitic stainless steels used in the KSC launch environment should be protected with either a nitrile-rubber-base, aluminum pigmented coating or a polyamide epoxy coating with an aliphatic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Coatings , Vol 9 , 2019 , p 340 , 10.3390/coatings9050340 8. Zavieh A.H. and Espallargas N. , Effect of 4-Point Bending and Normal Load on the Tribocorrosion-Fatigue (Multi-Degradation) of Stainless Steels , Tribol. Int. , Vol 99 , 2016 , p 96 – 106 10.1016/j.triboint...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001717
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...) revealed the presence of cadmium. The wear within the threads may not have been as severe as along the spindle, such that the cadmium was still somewhat intact. This was evidence that the part had been cadmium coated at one time. The governing process specification states that maraging steel bars...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract A natural gas pipeline explosion and subsequent fire significantly altered the pipeline steel microstructure, obscuring in part the primary cause of failure, namely, coating breakdown at a local hard spot in the steel. Chemical analysis was made on pieces cut from the portion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001904
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A steel eyebolt which attached a rear lift strut to the right wing of a helicopter failed by fatigue. As a contributing factor, thread cutting produced sharp notches at thread roots, reducing fatigue life. Also, design fatigue life may have been exceeded as the part was in use about...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of a corrosive medium. Results of stress-corrosion tests of 12% Cr steel bolts in a 3.5% NaCl solution to determine effect of antiseizure coating Table 2 Results of stress-corrosion tests of 12% Cr steel bolts in a 3.5% NaCl solution to determine effect of antiseizure coating Bolt Hardness, HRC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tests of 12% Cr steel bolts in a 3.5% NaCl solution to determine effect of antiseizure coating Table 2 Results of stress-corrosion tests of 12% Cr steel bolts in a 3.5% NaCl solution to determine effect of antiseizure coating Bolt Hardness, HRC Surface Appearance (a) Tensile strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0048674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... steel. They were barrel finished to remove burrs and hardened and tempered to 45 to 52 HRC. The fasteners were electroplated with zinc and coated with clear zinc dichromate. During attachment of the fabric to the furniture, approximately 30% of the fasteners cracked and fractured as they were...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization...