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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is very useful to illustrate abrupt or gradual composition variations at areas of interest on a sample surface or prepared specimen. Figure 13 shows a line scan on a metallographically prepared section of a printed circuit board with multiple failed solder connections. The line scans indicate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Fracture Surfaces,” on pages 78 to 90 in Fractography , Volume 12 of the Metals Handbook , 9th edition (now Volume 12 of the ASM Handbook ). Nondestructive Inspection Although often used as quality-control tools, several nondestructive tests are useful in failure investigation and analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., sheets, films, coatings, foils, chunks, powders, wires, tubes, printed circuit boards, computer chips, and other whole or partial pieces of devices. While surface analysis tools are used to analyze solid surfaces, dried residues from liquids and even low-vapor-pressure oils and greases can also be looked...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than a large-scale accident. The approach presented is that the analysis and reconstruction is based on the physical evidence. The article provides a brief review of some general concepts on the use and limitations of advanced data acquisition tools and computer modeling. Legal implications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article discusses technologies focused on processing plastic materials or producing direct tools used in plastics processing. The article focuses on extrusion and injection molding, covering applications, materials and their properties, equipment, processing details, part design...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... bags, latex gloves, tools for sample removal, buffered containers for water samples, MIC kits, and adhesive tape are useful for sample removal. (See the article “Biological Corrosion Failures” in this Volume for listings of commercially available kits.) The analyst should avoid touching any corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with discussion about the concept of the probability of detection (POD), on which the statistical reliability of crack detection is based. The coverage includes the various methods of surface inspection, including visual-examination tools, scanning technology in dimensional metrology, and the common methods...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... thermomechanical fatigue that may result in premature failure of the joints. Finite-element analysis is an ideal design tool for analyzing small integrated circuit chip packages that come in an ever-changing virgule variety of sizes, shapes, and applications. The chips are complex fabrications of silicon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Structure type Rolling-element type Abbreviation Standard(s) Symbols, measuring tools, and techniques Radial Balls DGBB ISO 492 ISO 1132-2:2001 Cylinder rollers CRB Tapered rollers TRB Spherical rollers SRB Axial Balls ATBB ISO 199 Cylinder rollers ATRB Others...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stress levels. It involves both cutting and tearing types of wear, in which small chips of metal are removed from the wearing surface by the movement of the sharp points of rock, under considerable pressure, over the wearing surface. This type of action is very similar to machining by a cutting tool...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or extent of cumulative damage, maximum number of plugged tubes, maximum number of failed circuits, maximum leakage, or appearance of a maximum area or number of rust spots. Defining such end points is a critical part of predicting life since prediction defines when these end points will be reached...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article briefly introduces the concepts of failure analysis, including root-cause analysis (RCA), and the role of failure analysis as a general engineering tool for enhancing product quality and failure prevention. It initially provides definitions of failure on several different...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... contrast or topographic contrast is strong, the SEM provides good structural images, particularly above 500× ( Ref 1 ). Again, because of the limitations and advantages of each instrument, they are complementary rather than competitive tools. Metallographic Specimen Preparation Metallographic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... edition of API 579-1/ASME FFS-1 The FFS practitioner (individual or team members) has responsibilities including to: Comply with all responsibilities outlined in part 1 of API STD 579-1/ASME FFS-1 Be knowledgeable in API STD 579-1/ASME FFS-1 as well as in the specific engineering tools...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... points, such as acceptable length of propagating cracks, maximum depth of propagating pits, acceptable remaining thickness of corroding pipes, maximum number of fatigue cycles or extent of cumulative damage, maximum number of plugged tubes, maximum number of failed circuits, maximum leakage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... gloves, tools for sample removal, buffered containers for water samples, MIC kits, and adhesive tape are useful for sample removal. The analyst should avoid touching any corrosion product directly with bare hands to prevent contamination. Physical removal of samples must be done in a manner to avoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis tools. This includes, but is not limited to, wafers, sheets, films, coatings, foils, chunks, powders, wires, tubes, printed circuit boards, computer chips, and other whole or partial pieces of devices. While surface analysis tools are used to analyze solid surfaces, dried residues from liquids...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9