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chromium steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract A large portion of the four-hole Lane plate disintegrated and consisted mainly of corrosion products after remaining in the body for 26 years. Transformation structures and carbides were exhibited by the plate which was made from chromium steel. Minimal corrosion was exhibited...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 69 Internal oxidation of a nickel-chromium steel carburized in a laboratory furnace, showing both grain-boundary oxides and oxide precipitates within grains. 402×. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 84 Microcracking in a nickel-chromium steel that also exhibits microsegregation. 910×. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Foreign inclusion in an annealed piece of chromium steel with approx. 1% C and 1.5% Cr. Longitudinal section. Etch Picral 100× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Foreign inclusion in an annealed piece of chromium steel with approx. 1% C and 1.5% Cr. Longitudinal section. Etch Picral 500× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Foreign inclusion in a hardened piece of chromium steel with approx. 1% C and 1.5% Cr. Longitudinal section. Etch: Picral 25× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Foreign inclusion in a hardened piece of chromium steel with approx. 1% C and 1.5% Cr. Longitudinal section. Etch: Picral 500× More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Longitudinal crack in a hardened and tempered bar of nickel-chromium steel, cross section, etched in nital. 10 × More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the austenite, and therefore with increasing nickel content. Austenitic chromium-manganese steels and ferritic chromium steels are considerably more resistant. As a rule, however, these steels are unsuitable as replacement because of their greater sensitivity to pitting. Specifically effective corrosive media...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... vibration. Oil lines to the coupling were reportedly not operating shortly after the coupling was installed. Also, chips in the oil were reported on previous inspections of the coupling, but their nature was unknown. Fig. 1 Integral coupling and gear of chromium-molybdenum steel that failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that it was a contributing factor in the failures. Fig. 1 Superheater tubes made of chromium-molybdenum steel (ASME SA-213, grade T-11) that ruptured because of overheating. (a) Tube that failed by stress rupture. (b) Resultant loss of circulation and tensile failure Metallographic Examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... corrosion. The thinned tubes were reinforced by pad welding. Type 304 stainless steel shields were welded to the stainless steel portions of the top reheater tubes and were held in place about the chromium-molybdenum steel portions of the tubes by steel bands. Coal dust Heat exchanger tubes Thinning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0047406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
.... (a) Schematic illustration of the pinion, which was sand cast from a chromium-molybdenum steel. Dimensions given in inches. (b) Macrograph of a nital-etched section through a broken tooth showing surface hardening on sides and top of tooth. 2 1 2 × A heavy wear pattern was visible on one end...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract To samples of helical compression springs were returned to the manufacturer after failing in service well short of the component design life. Spring design specifications required conformance to SAE J157, “Oil Tempered Chromium Silicon Alloy Steel Wire and Springs.” Each spring...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 16 Micrographs from a service-exposed chromium-molybdenum steel fired heater tube. (a) Low magnification showing the entire tube wall in cross section. Original magnification: 25×. (b) Higher magnification from near the exterior surface showing the carburized microstructure. Original More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 25 Failed chromium-plated blanking die made from AISI A2 tool steel. (a) Cracking (arrows) that occurred shortly after the die was placed in service. (b) Cold-etched (10% aqueous nitric acid) disk cut from the blanking die (outlined area) revealing a light-etching layer. Actual size. (c More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 25 Failed chromium-plated blanking die made from AISI A2 tool steel. (a) Cracking (arrows) that occurred shortly after the die was placed in service. (b) Cold-etched (10% aqueous nitric acid) disk cut from the blanking die (outlined area) revealing a light-etching layer. Actual size. (c More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 Superheater tubes made of chromium-molybdenum steel (ASME SA-213, grade T-11) that ruptured because of overheating. (a) Tube that failed by stress rupture. (b) Resultant loss of circulation and tensile failure More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Superheater tubes made of chromium-molybdenum steel (ASME SA-213, grade T-11) that ruptured because of overheating. (a) Tube that failed by stress rupture. (b) Resultant loss of circulation and tensile failure More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Scoring damage caused by chipping of chromium plating on a 4340 steel cylinder. (a) Scoring on the cylinder. (b) Scoring on a mating cast aluminum alloy B850-T5 bearing adapter. (c) Cross section through a deep score mark in the aluminum alloy adapter revealing a large embedded particle More