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chromium alloy steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract To samples of helical compression springs were returned to the manufacturer after failing in service well short of the component design life. Spring design specifications required conformance to SAE J157, “Oil Tempered Chromium Silicon Alloy Steel Wire and Springs.” Each spring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... they are simultaneously subjected to tensile stresses. The cracks can propagate across the grains or along grain boundaries. All austenitic chromium-nickel alloys are susceptible to the type of transcrystalline stress corrosion observed in the present case. The susceptibility decreases with increasing stability...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... causes flake-like spalling. Measures to prevent SCC include stress reduction, use of austenitic steels or nickel alloys not susceptible to grain boundary attack, use of ferritic chromium steels, surface slag removal, control of temperature and chloride concentration, and cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Plating of Steel”—D.T.D. 916A (Superseding D.T.D. 916), December 1955, and the salient points which affect the service life of hard chromium-plated parts are summarised below: The process is for use primarily on carbon and low alloy steels which require a hard surface and is regarded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Several large chromium-plated 4340 steel cylinders were removed from service because of deep longitudinal score marks in the plating. One of the damaged cylinders and a mating cast aluminum alloy B850-T5 bearing adapter that also exhibited deep longitudinal score marks were submitted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Overhaul mechanics discovered a crack in an AISI 4340 Cr-Mo-Ni alloy steel pivot bolt when grinding off the chromium plating. The bolt had served for an estimated 10,000 h and was replated when last overhauled. On checking the bolt, several fine cracks were found on the surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... examined. It was concluded that preferential nucleations of graphite nodules in a series of bands weakened the steel locally, producing preferred fracture paths. Formation of these graphite bands probably expedited the creep failure of the tube. Future failures may be avoided by using low-alloy steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... inclusions Steel making Fe-0.25C-0.4Ni-3Cr-0.5Mo (Other, general, or unspecified) processing-related failures There was once a large incidence of surface defects on the crank pins and journals and other areas of crank shafts of a high power automotive engine. The steel used was a chromium-molybdenum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of inclusions. Torsional fracture was indicated by the presence of beach marks at a 45 deg angle to the wire axis. It was established that the spring fractured by fatigue nucleated at the subsurface defect. Nonmetallic inclusions Shrinkage pipe Valve springs 6150 (Chromium-vanadium alloy steel UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract The specially designed sand-cast low-alloy steel jaws that were implemented to stretch the wire used in prestressed concrete beams fractured. The fractures were found to be macroscale brittle and exhibited very little evidence of deformation. The surface of the jaws was disclosed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... a wall thickness of about 1.3 cm (0.5 in.) at the surfaces to be inertia welded. The flange portion was made of 94B17 steel, and the shaft was made of 8620 steel. After welding, the rod was machined, carburized, and hardened to 60 HRC; the shaft was then chromium plated to within 1.3 cm (0.5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... length, and had an outside diameter of 2.0 m (6 ft, 6 3 4 in.). It was fabricated from ten manganese-chromium-nickel-molybdenum-vanadium steel plates 150 mm (5 7 8 in.) thick, which were rolled and welded to form ten cylindrical shell sections and three forgings of similar composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Graphitization, the formation of graphite nodules in carbon and low alloy steels, contributes to many failures in high-temperature environments. Three such failures in power-generating systems were analyzed to demonstrate the unpredictable nature of this failure mechanism and its...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in the Dissolution of Iron-Chromium Alloys in Acids ,” Corrosion , 1973 , 29 ( 9 ), pp. 337 – 60 . 10.5006/0010-9312-29.9.337 2. Anon. : “ Stainless Steel, Allegheny Ludlum Blue Sheets: Types 405, 410, 430, 439, and 446 ,” Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. , Pittsburgh, PA , 1980 . 3. Grobner P.J...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... gases to shunt across the preheater/exchanger. Metallographic examination of the plates showed that accelerated internal oxidation had been the cause of failure. Corrosion racks of candidate alloys (types 304, 309, and 316 stainless steels, Inconel 600, Inconel 625, Incoloy 800, Incoloy 825, and Inco...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... from: Chakrapani D.G. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking Failures of Higher Nickel-Chromium Alloy Steels in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Corrosion Cracking (Proceedings of the Corrosion Cracking Program and Related Papers presented at the International Conference and Exposition on Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... history was adapted from: Chakrapani D.G. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking Failures of Higher Nickel-Chromium Alloy Steels in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Corrosion Cracking (Proceedings of the Corrosion Cracking Program and Related Papers presented at the International Conference and Exposition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... from: Chakrapani D.G. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking Failures of Higher Nickel-Chromium Alloy Steels in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Corrosion Cracking (Proceedings of the Corrosion Cracking Program and Related Papers presented at the International Conference and Exposition on Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... history was adapted from: Chakrapani D.G. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking Failures of Higher Nickel-Chromium Alloy Steels in the Pulp and Paper Industry , Corrosion Cracking (Proceedings of the Corrosion Cracking Program and Related Papers presented at the International Conference and Exposition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... strength of these steels proved inadequate, an alloy lower in chromium would have been preferable. Annealing furnaces Cracking (fracturing) Heat resistant steels Sheet metal Sigma phase Fe-0.06C-1.98Si-25.8Cr-35.8Ni (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Three radially cracked disks...