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chromic acid process

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A forged aluminum alloy 2014-T6 catapult-hook attachment fitting (anodized by the chromic acid process to protect it from corrosion) from a naval aircraft broke in service. Spectrographic analysis, visual examination, microscopic examination, and tensile analysis showed minute cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... attacked electrolytically because the flow of current is limited by polarization. The effect was very pronounced when aluminum pieces were galvanic couples to the stainless in the laboratory tests. The aluminum pieces were given a commercial anodizing treatment by the chromic-acid process. Anodized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... oxidized. Because the fracture surface of the second wheel half had chromic acid stains, it was obvious that the forging defect was open to the surface during anodizing. No recommendations were made except to notify the manufacturer. Aircraft components Defects Forgings Wheels 2014-T6 UNS A92014...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... layer was stripped from the panels using a phosphoric-chromic acid solution, the evidence of sulfur disappeared. This same stripping procedure did not remove the black corrosion product. Energy-dispersive analysis of the corrosion product revealed the presence of iron, calcium, phosphorus...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electrically charged, which is clearly impossible. The corrosion of zinc in hydrochloric acid is an electrochemical process. That is, any reaction that can be divided into two or more partial reactions of oxidation and reduction due to the transfer of electrical charge is termed electrochemical. Dividing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the metal would spontaneously become electrically charged, which is impossible. The corrosion of zinc in hydrochloric acid is an electrochemical process. That is, any reaction that can be divided into two or more partial reactions of oxidation and reduction due to the transfer of electrical charge is termed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... but is expensive and time-consuming. The individual specimens can be weighed before and after testing to determine corrosion rate as a function of potential, thus enabling the errors from using Faraday’s law to be easily corrected. Process of Predicting Galvanic Corrosion from Polarization Behavior...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Process of Predicting Galvanic Corrosion from Polarization Behavior The process of predicting galvanic corrosion from polarization behavior can be illustrated by the example of a steel-copper system. Steel has the more negative corrosion potential and will therefore suffer increased corrosion upon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...×. (d) Scanning electron micrographs showing gamma-prime precipitate structure at cool outer shroud region (upper) and mid-airfoil leading edge (lower). Etched with chromic acid, electrolytic Optical microscopy revealed the crack to have a relatively straight, transgranular path. The crack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the SCC, which occurs due to welding, metalworking process, and stress concentration, including options for investigation and corrective measures. It describes the sources of stresses in service and the effect of composition and metal structure on the susceptibility of SCC. The article provides...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Metallographic samples were electrolytically etched in 10 pct chromic acid solution to reveal the microstructure. Quantitative microscopy was conducted using an image analyzer. Thin foils were prepared using 10 pct perchloric acid in methanol solution at -10 °C, 25 V, and 30 mA for a scanning transmission...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... welding processes. The article also describes failure origins in other welding processes, such as electroslag welds, electrogas welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, flash welds, electron and laser beam weld, and high-frequency induction welds. arc welding brittle fracture electrogas welds...