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chilling tendency

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., rounded cavities, usually smooth-walled, of varied size, isolated or grouped irregularly in all areas of the casting Blowholes, pinholes B 112 (a) As above, but limited to the vicinity of metallic pieces placed in the mold (chills, inserts, chaplets, etc.) Blowholes, adjacent to inserts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract Work rolls made of indefinite chill double-poured (ICDP) iron are commonly used in the finishing trains of hot-strip mills (HSMs). In actual service, spalling, apart from other surface degeneration modes, constitutes a major mechanism of premature roll failures. Although...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... irregularly in all areas of the casting Blowholes, pinholes B 112 (a) As above, but limited to the vicinity of metallic pieces placed in the mold (chills, inserts, chaplets, etc.) Blowholes, adjacent to inserts, chills, chaplets, etc. B 113 (a) Like B 111, but accompanied by slag inclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... for edge retention. A section through a typical laked area is shown in Fig. 4 . The bulk of the casting consisted of evenly distributed primary dendrites of the zincrich phase in the eutectic mixture. At the surface, outside the laked area, large dendrites with a tendency towards columnar growth extended...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corner by putting a generous fillet in the corner and then grinding the fillet out after hardening. However, because water-hardening grades harden with a relatively shallow chill, which grinding would remove, they can not be processed in the same way. Unnecessarily sharp corners caused the stamping...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... systems. Fig. 1 Schematic of Typical Expansion Joint Design. Fatigue cracks in, and leakage from, the convolutes of an expansion joint have developed on several occasions during the 35+ years of reactor operations at Savannah River. In 1958, the joints were modified to reduce the tendency...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... than similar components produced from white or chilled iron [ 3 ]. However, cast irons components for grinding barrel liners lasted for 2–3 years compared to 10 years for austenitic manganese steel. Part of the superiority in the performance of austenitic manganese steel compared with white iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... invariably show a pronounced tendency to merge ultimately to form a single crack. This behaviour is to be expected because each individual crack will modify the stress distribution in its vicinity and, as the stress field will tend to a maximum just in advance of each crack front and cracks extend...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or nitrogen diffusion or that have been plated or painted tend to be more problematic than larger pieces of structural alloys. Some analysts remelt and chill cast their metals specimens in order to get a disk large enough to analyze by the faster and thus more economical test methods, such as optical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the failure, however. To identify the crack-initiation point, the assembly was cut into four wedge-shaped segments, allowing the blade to be separated from the tube. When the blade segment was held to the tube by a small ligament of uncracked weld, the part was chilled in liquid nitrogen and broken apart...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that can be evaluated this way. Any factor that affects an inspection can be evaluated under controlled conditions to determine how that factor influences the capability of the inspection. There is a tendency to attribute nondetection solely to the skill of the operator, for example, his or her visual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4