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chemical shaping

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0089254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...-open fracture surface (b) of failed wedge-shaped middle tapered ring. 6× Fig. 5 Higher-magnification view of fracture surface shown in Fig. 12 at origin of cracking. Arrows indicate large manganese sulfide inclusion at origin. Chemical analysis of the material revealed a resulfurized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... chemical analysis, physical and mechanical evaluation. Stereomicroscopic examination of the opened crack fracture surface revealed one large fan-shaped region that had propagated radially through the thickness of the material from two distinct origin areas on the internal diam of the grip. Higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and their response to chemical, physical, and mechanical stresses whether as an unfilled, shaped article or as a component of a composite structure. It summarizes the basic thermal properties of thermoplastics and thermosets, including thermal conductivity, temperature resistance, thermal expansion, specific heat...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract The head of a socket spanner made of heat-treated 0.40C-0.34Cr steel cracked in service. The pronounced fibrous structure of the component became evident as soon as it was etched with 2% nital. Folds in the material originating from the shaping process were visible, and the micrograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Schematic diagram of Heater Treater Abstract A sleeve-shaped fire shield that operates inside one of two burner trains in an oil and gas processing unit ruptured after 15 y of service. A detailed analysis was conducted to determine how and why the sleeve failed. The investigation included visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001850
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Specified chemical analysis (wt.%) of the refractory lining Table 1 Specified chemical analysis (wt.%) of the refractory lining Al 2 O 3 SiO 2 Fe 2 O 3 CaO ZrO 2 60 24 0.55 1.3 11 Chemical analysis (wt.%) of the blow pipe sample Table 2 Chemical analysis (wt...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... processing or is sold as a final product. In general, water is used to cool and condense the vapors inside the condenser. Redesign the V-shape junction so as to eliminate the stagnation locations. Conduct periodic chemical cleaning of the cooling water side of the condenser to remove the deposits...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Chemical composition of the pipe material Table 1 Chemical composition of the pipe material Chemical composition, wt.% Elements Sample Standard material 28Cr3SiNiWMoV Fe Balance Balance Cr 2.9 2.8–3.2 Ni 1.0 0.8–1.2 W 0.7 0.8–1.2 Mo 0.8 0.35–0.55 V 0.2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Shaft Experimental SAE4340 [4] Yield strength, MPa 646 … 335.2 Tensile strength, MPa 815.5 1240–1470 684.2 Elongation, % 24 … 19 Impact energy, J, at +20°C 123 … 14 Result of chemical composition test on the fractured shafts Table 2 Result of chemical composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Chemical specifications for 38KhA steel Table 1 Chemical specifications for 38KhA steel Element Composition, % Min Max Carbon 0.34 0.42 Manganese 0.50 0.80 Silicon 0.17 0.37 Sulfur … 0.03 Phosphorus … 0.03 Nickel … 0.40 Chromium 0.80 1.1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, % Chemical requirement Hammer (ANSI 173.2–1978) Carbon 0.85 0.45–0.88 Manganese 0.71 0.30–0.90 Phosphorus 0.020 0.04 (max) Sulfur 0.0.26 0.05 (max) Silicon 0.24 0.10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Chemical analysis of booster pump alloy Table 1 Chemical analysis of booster pump alloy C Si Mn P S Cr Ni Mo Cu 0.35 0.4 0.84 0.04 0.01 0.06 0.11 0.02 0.09 V W Co Al Sn As Sb Fe 0.003 0.009 0.004 0.057 0.007 0.003 0.003 Base...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...) Feature ToF-SIMS XPS Information Molecular weight, chemical bonding, and elemental Chemical bonding, oxidation state, and elemental Quantitative Only with standards Yes, best with standards Minimum analysis size ~2 μm diameter for organic analysis; 50 nm diameter for inorganic analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001316
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, % Separator 1 Separator 2 Separator 3 Carbon 0.05 0.05 0.04 Manganese 0.28 0.31 0.27 Phosphorus 0.013 0.012 0.008 Sulfur 0.014 0.015 0.014 Silicon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... material for fluctuating shear stresses is approximately 500 MPa (72 ksi). Considering factors such as surface finish, shape, and dimensions, the factor of safety for infinite fatigue life is estimated as 4. Chemical composition of the material was in accordance with the specified composition, even...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... 6 Brittle facets, dimples, hairline cracks and micropores under SEM examination, at × 450 Fig. 7 Rod-shaped sulphide inclusions under SEM examination, at × 450 The end frame material was comparatively found cleaner as regards non-metallic inclusions. Chemical analysis confirmed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, % Vane material Type 301 stainless steel requirements Carbon 0.11 0.15 (max) Manganese 1.29 2.0 (max) Silicon 0.50 1.0 (max) Phosphorus 0.041 0.045 (max) Sulfur 0.008...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Chemical composition of materials examined and mold shape Table 1 Chemical composition of materials examined and mold shape Steel Composition, % C Si Mn P S Ni Mo Al N Mold shape (a) , mm A 0.05 0.14 0.80 0.005 0.015 9.53 0.01 0.005 0.005 200 d × 230 h B...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... surface A Fig. 14 Enlarged view of fracture surface B. Arrow points to apex of V-shaped surface pattern, suggestive of point of origin of fracture. S3–S5, locations of SEM micrographs ( Fig. 23 , 24 , 25 ) Fig. 15 Upper end of piece of fractured coupling showing well-developed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... bacteria ( Gallionella ) Very abundant … (a) Per “Prevention and Control of Water-Caused Problems in Building Potable Water Systems,” TPC Publ. 7, National Association of Corrosion Engineers Fig. 4 Iron bacteria of genus Gallionella . Fig. 3 Flask-shaped pit. Fig. 1...