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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... that the material of the vent header met the mechanical and chemical properties of ASTM A516 Grade 70 carbon-manganese steel material and microstructures were consistent with this material. Fracture faces of the cracked pipe were predominantly brittle in appearance with no evidence of fatigue contribution. The NDTT...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of representative thermoset plastics Abstract This introductory article describes the various aspects of chemical structure that are important to an understanding of polymer properties and thus their eventual effect on the end-use performance of engineering plastics. The polymers covered include...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001357
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Ni, O, N, C, Cl, S 50 Ni, O, N, C, Cl, S 2 10 Ni, O, N, C, Cl, S 20 C, Cl, S 30 C, Cl S Physical and chemical properties of Diesel C fuel Table 2 Physical and chemical properties of Diesel C fuel Properties Luján de Cuyo La Plata Density 0.825 0.850...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006923
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...). Abstract This article discusses the thermal properties of engineering plastics and elastomers with respect to chemical composition, chain configuration, and base polymer conformation as determined by thermal analysis. It describes the processing of base polymers with or without additives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... at 40 °C/min (70 °F/min) −0.52 at 10 °C/min (18 °F/min) (a) Trade name of Shell Chemical Company Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) comparison of glass transition temperature (<italic>T</italic><sub>g</sub>) results from sealed and unsealed pans Table 3 Differential scanning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) long (from 2:1 elliptical heads), 3 m (10 ft) in OD, and 16 mm (0.63 in.) thick. The chemical and material properties of the tank were to comply with AAR M-128 Grade B. As a result of the explosive failure of the tank car, fragments were ejected from the central region of the car between the support...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., and polarity. It explains how viscosity varies with shear rate in polymer melts and how processes align with various regions of the viscosity curve. It discusses the concept of shear sensitivity, the nature of viscoelastic properties, and the electrical, chemical, and optical properties of different plastics...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Analysis Microfractography Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination Visual Mechanical Properties Hardness Chemical Analysis/Identification Material and Weld Corrosion or Wear Deposits Crack Origins/Paths Scanning...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... pipework, pipelines, tanks, and vessels used in the petroleum, petrochemical, and natural gas industries. Combined stress and environmental conditions are used in some product test methods. BS EN 14364 and ASTM D3681 are often used by industry to determine the chemical-resistant properties of GFRP pipes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... includes such things as tensile and impact strengths. Long-term properties include creep, stress relaxation, and creep (stress) rupture. Both categories of properties are affected by exposure to external chemical environments. With any polymeric material, chemical exposure may have one or more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Conclusions and Recommendations Chemical Analysis/Identification Mechanical Properties Hardness Background Applications Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Surface Examination Macrophotography Metallography Microstructural Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the absence of the ESC reagent. Finally, there are some chemicals that cause actual degradation of the polymer, breaking the macromolecular chains, reducing molecular weight, and diminishing polymer properties as a result. This article examines each of these effects. The discussion also covers the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... A combination of chemical and physical factors, along with stress, usually leads to a serious deterioration in properties, even if stress or the chemical environment alone may not appreciably weaken a material. This phenomenon is referred to as environmental stress cracking (ESC). The ESC failure mechanism...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090965
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... imperfections were visually apparent. The chemical composition satisfied the typical specifications for this cast iron grade. Although samples removed from a cast component may bear little relation to grade/condition determination based on separately poured test bars, mechanical properties were obtained...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Material Composition, % C Mn Si S P Carbon steel plate 0.19 1.08 0.12 0.026 0.039 Carbon steel forging 0.10 0.50 0.10 0.036 0.042 Impact properties Table 3 Impact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... be designed well under a certain set of assumptions, but the failure arises due to an inability of the part to perform its function with these altered material properties. Another major class of potential deviation of material properties from those used in the design process arises due to chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... chemical and metallurgical analysis, scanning electron fractography, mechanical property testing, finite element analysis of the shrink fitted journal, and a design review of the assembly fits. The journal failure was attributed to corrosion fatigue. Corrective actions to make the journals less susceptible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Results of chemical analysis Table 1 Results of chemical analysis Element Composition, % Coupling material Chemical specification (ASTM A582) Carbon 0.10 0.15 (max) Chromium 11.8 12–14 Sulfur 0.32 0.15 (min) Iron bal bal Mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to the American Chemical Society ( Washington, D.C. ), 1984 2. Smith T. , Physical Properties of Polymers—An Introductory Discussion , Polym. Eng. Sci ., Vol 13 (No. 3 ), 1973 , p 161 10.1002/pen.760130302 3. Haslam J. and Willis H.A. , Identification and Analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 1 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Properties measured Use in polymer failure analysis Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Molecular bond structure Material...