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channel type furnaces

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001578
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Strip Caused by an Induction Furnace in a Steel Mill Case #3: Vibration of Microscope in Hospital Microsurgery Room Case #4: Torsional Vibration on a Reciprocating Pump Case #5: Ghosts Case #6: Vibration of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Machine Case #7: Vibration Induced by Sound Case #8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... pattern on lower side of corroded tube from bakers' oven A related form of attack is sometimes found in the tubes of cyclone type furnaces. These tubes, which surround the furnace chamber, form part of the boiler water circuit and are studded to provide anchorage points for the refractory material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001590
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... necessitates that special care is taken in the selection of materials for the flow channels for the reformed gas. There is a risk of metal dusting corrosion. Therefore, Alloy 601 was selected for certain components of the HTCR. After one year of operation, one HTCR exhibited a certain kind of cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... furnace that encased the tube-to-header welds and a portion of the finned tubes. In the field, joints were wrapped with electrical resistance strip heaters and insulation. Temperature monitoring and control was by direct attachment of thermocouples and multiple channel controllers and chart recorders...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of rimming steel would not go into service and many were prepared to issue certificates confirming that these checks have been done. Microscopical examination and sulphur prints showed that both side members and also the channel section were made from steel of the “rimming” type. Analysis of samples...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rate increases with increasing volume fraction of liquid. Courtesy of Z. Tang and B. Gleeson, University of Pittsburgh Fig. 22 Schematic diagram of shipboard engine corrosion rates of type I and type II hot corrosion versus temperature in a marine environment compared with the Arrhenius...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... were carried out, but the manufacturer concerned did not wish to share the resulting information publicly. At other times, there was probably no reluctance to share such information, but reporting channels were inadequate for making this information available to those who could benefit and, in turn...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., and corrosion products in these regions were particularly rich in S, and also contained Al, Si, O, and Cl. The grain boundaries contained Cr-rich particles which were probably Cr23-C6 type carbides. In the matrix, corrosion occurred between the Widmanstatten plates. Particles were found between these plates...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The article discusses the types of imperfections that can be traced to the original ingot product. These include chemical segregation; ingot pipe, porosity, and centerline shrinkage; high hydrogen content; nonmetallic inclusions; unmelted electrodes and shelf; and cracks, laminations, seams, pits, blisters...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... considerations, and quality assurance. The emphasis is on the design and metallurgical aspects for the two main types of metal AM processes: powder-bed fusion (PBF) and directed-energy deposition (DED). The article also describes the processes involved in binder jet sintering, provides information on the design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Typical data on boiler operating parameters versus plant efficiency Table 1 Typical data on boiler operating parameters versus plant efficiency Type of boiler Steam pressure Steam temperature Typical plant efficiency, % MPa ksi °C °F Subcritical <22.1...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...-silicon ferritic iron castings of ASTM International specification A1095 Table 3 Compositions (in wt%) of the high-silicon ferritic iron castings of ASTM International specification A1095 Element Type (a) SG SiMo MG SiMo CG SiMo Carbon 2.90–3.70 2.80–3.60 2.70–3.50...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... type of ammunition were fired in the test. (a) Inside diameter. (b) Outside diameter Fig. 11 Cross sections through the carburized 1117 steel cylinders from two spool-type hydraulic valves. The cylinder of the valve that operated satisfactorily (a) had little retained austenite in the case...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... action. The article summarizes the general process of distortion failure analysis. It also discusses three types of distortion failures that provide useful insights into the problems of analyzing unusual mechanisms of distortion. These include elastic distortion, ratcheting, and inelastic cyclic buckling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... types of loading: in-phase and out-of-phase cycling. The article illustrates the ways in which damage can interact at high and low temperatures and the development of microstructurally based models in parametric form. It presents a case study of the prediction of residual life in a turbine casing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ) as a function of crack size for crack types A, B, and C. Δ K thermal , cyclic stress intensity due to thermal stresses; Δ K p , cyclic stress intensity due to pressure stresses Fig. 17 Effect of hold time on the fatigue crack growth rate properties of 2.25Cr-1Mo cast steel. The 2 h hold time tests...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses pressure vessels, piping, and associated pressure-boundary items of the types used in nuclear and conventional power plants, refineries, and chemical-processing plants. It begins by explaining the necessity of conducting a failure analysis, followed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article aims to identify and illustrate the types of overload failures, which are categorized as failures due to insufficient material strength and underdesign, failures due to stress concentration and material defects, and failures due to material alteration...