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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The article concludes with a review of the evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis. Auger electron spectroscopy ceramic materials corrosion electron probe microanalysis energy dispersive spectroscopy failure analysis macroscopic examination metallographic specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... origin in a ceramic material. (a) Internal crack origin. (b) Surface crack initiation. Fig. 5 Fatigue fracture surface appearance of a failed crankshaft, showing “beach marks” on the lower part. The origin of the primary fracture is indicated by the arrow. Fig. 6 Chevron marks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in disk drives consists of a metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic substrate coated with a magnetic material. Data errors are classified as ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ depending on their correctability. Examination has shown that hard errors are the result of an abrasive wear process that begins with contact between...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 2 Corrosion resistance of structural ceramics to fused salts, alkalis, and low-melting oxides Ceramics at purity(>99.5%) Resistance to indicated material at indicated temperature (a) , °C (°F) NaCl NaCl + KCl KNO 3 Na 2 CO 3 Na 2 SO 4 KOH Na 2 O V 2 O 5 Alumina A, 1000...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Wear Impact Wear Modes Impact Wear of Metals Deformation during Impact Wear Debris Impact Wear of Ceramics Material Removal Mechanisms Influences on Wear Surface Fatigue and Delamination Plastic Deformation Zero Impact Wear Model Impact Wear Failure Case Study...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as materials for rolling-contact bearing components show some practical advantages over traditional bearing steels. The properties of ceramics, specifically low density and high stiffness, are of most interest to gas turbine ( Ref 1 ) and machine tool manufacturers ( Ref 2 ). High hardness, low coefficient...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... tribological compatibility between metals and polymers. If the operating parameters are such that they induce too high a contact temperature, the polymeric material undergoes softening, and adhesive wear becomes severe. Also, when using ceramic materials, wear is mild at relatively low values of the operating...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , 1984 , p 5 – 103 3. Fréchette V.D. , Failure Analysis of Brittle Materials , Vol 28 , Advances in Ceramics , The American Ceramic Society , 1990 4. Fréchette V.D. , Fractology of Glass , Introduction to Glass Science , Pye L.D. , Stevens H. , and LaCourse...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Coatings Substrate Material Coating Failure Due to Spalling Coating Failure Due to Bulk Deformation Mechanism of Coating Delamination in Cermet and Ceramic Coatings Abrasive Failure of Coated Rolling Elements Delamination Failure in TS Coatings Mechanism of Coating Abrasion in Rolling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2008.04.076 15. Trzaskoma P.P. , Corrosion Behavior of a Graphite Fiber/Magnesium Metal Matrix Composite in Aqueous Chloride Solution , Corrosion , Vol 42 , 1986 , p 609 − 613 10.5006/1.3583031 16. McCauley R.A. , Corrosion of Ceramic and Composite Materials , 2nd ed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and brittle fracture, fatigue, creep, and complex environmentally assisted cracking from stress-corrosion cracking and hydrogen embrittlement) is in other articles in this Volume. Articles on the fractographic appearances of polymeric and ceramic materials are also included. Fractography of electronic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the resistor materials and possibly to identify the contaminating layer present at the metallization interface. EMA of the group 2 sections (see Fig. 11 ) determined that the resistor substrate was high-purity alumina. The metal portion of the cermet metallization was silver rich; the ceramic portion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... flat, perpendicular to the axis of the applied stress responsible for the overloading. This mechanism is usually due to an improper condition of the materials or the alteration of the material during service. Intergranular brittle fracture is very prevalent in ceramic materials and is often present...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Intergranular brittle fracture is very prevalent in ceramic materials and is often present in poorly sintered powder metallurgy constructs. It is necessary for the practicing failure analyst to understand that intergranular brittle fracture is not always due to defects and improper processing. This mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of polymeric and ceramic materials are also included. (Fractography of electronic components is addressed in detail in Ref 1 .) In summary, the following are key features in distinguishing between monotonic versus fatigue fracture and ductile versus brittle fractures (on either a macroscale or microscale...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Nitride , J. Am. Ceram. Soc. , Vol 81 ( No. 4 ), 1998 , p 901 – 909 10.1111/j.1151-2916.1998.tb02425.x 41. Ootani T. , Yahata N. , Fujiki A. , and Ehira A. , Impact Wear Characteristics of Engine Valve and Valve Seat Insert Materials at High Temperature (Impact Wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 1982 , p 206 – 218 10.1520/STP36141S 22. Yust C. and Bayer R. , Ed., Selection and Use of Wear Tests for Ceramics , American Society for Testing and Materials , West Conshohocken, PA , 1988 , p 58 – 73 10.1520/STP1010-EB 23. Tokuda M. , Nagafuchi M...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for sectioning sintered carbides, ceramic materials, thermally sprayed coatings, printed circuit boards, electronic components, bone, teeth, and so on. The primary purpose of mounting metallographic specimens is for convenience in handling specimens of difficult shapes or sizes during the subsequent steps...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... tool steel, showing material fracture at edge of contact surface Fig. 5 Effect of abrasive hardness on wear behavior of metals and ceramics. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 6 Effect of nominal contact stress on relative abrasion rating of metallic wear materials. QT, quenched and tempered...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... debris formation, the proportion of plowing and cutting processes, the abrasive particle shape and size, the applied stress, and the hardness of the wear surface. For brittle materials (e.g., ceramics), a transition from a purely cutting mechanism to one that also involves fragmentation occurs when...