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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... concludes with a review of the evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis. Auger electron spectroscopy ceramic materials corrosion electron probe microanalysis energy dispersive spectroscopy failure analysis macroscopic examination metallographic specimen preparation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes involved in the selection of metallurgical samples, the preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis, and the analysis and interpretation of microstructures. Examination and evaluation of polymers and ceramic materials in failure analysis are also briefly discussed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Implant Materials ,” Clin. Oral Implants Res. , 1993 , 4 , pp. 28 – 34 10.1034/j.1600-0501.1993.040104.x . 9. Kim C.S. and Ducheyne P. : “ Compositional Variations in the Surface and Interface of Calcium Phosphate Ceramic Coatings on Ti and Ti-6Al-4V due to Sintering and Immersion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( Ref 2 ) suggest a four-level approach to materials selection: Level I: Based on critical properties, determine whether the part will be made from metal, plastic, ceramic, or composite. Level II: Determine whether metal parts will be produced by a deformation process (wrought) or a casting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Jr. , and Powell S.R. Jr. , Ed., ASTM , 1984 , p 5 – 103 3. Fréchette V.D. , Failure Analysis of Brittle Materials , Vol 28 , Advances in Ceramics , The American Ceramic Society , 1990 4. Fréchette V.D. , Fractology of Glass , Introduction to Glass Science...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... adapter and subsequent injury to a member of the security personnel (Knoxville, TN. News-Sentinel, August 19, 1983). Metals and Ceramics Division personnel were asked to assist in investigating this explosion by applying microscopy and other metallurgical procedures to determine the cause of the BFA...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... a Titan vehicle failed at Cape Kennedy ( Fig. 2 ). They were made of 17-4 PH in the H900 condition — a martensitic, age-hardening alloy. In the H900 condition (solution treated and aged 1 hr at 900 F), the material had nominal strengths of 180,000 psi yield and 200,000 psi tensile. The alloy's...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... describes the corrosion resistance characteristics of specific classes of refractories and structural ceramics. The article also examines the prevention strategies that minimize corrosion failures of both classes of materials. aerospace industry automotive industry chemical corrosion chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... drives consists of a metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic substrate coated with a magnetic material. Data errors are classified as ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ depending on their correctability. Examination has shown that hard errors are the result of an abrasive wear process that begins with contact between head and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials for rolling-contact bearing components show some practical advantages over traditional bearing steels. The properties of ceramics, specifically low density and high stiffness, are of most interest to gas turbine ( Ref 1 ) and machine tool manufacturers ( Ref 2 ). High hardness, low coefficient of...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: Ref 31 In repetitive impact of ceramics, two factors influence the magnitude of wear experienced. One is associated with the normal stress that is partly accommodated in the brittle fracture of the parent materials. The effect of normal stress on wear increases as the angle of contact...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the deterioration of a material by a reaction of that material with its environment. The realization that corrosion control can be profitable has been acknowledged repeatedly by industry, typically following costly business interruptions. This article describes the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... with an EDS detector provides extremely good value for the amount of funds expended. As sample variety increases to include insulating polymer and ceramic materials, a variable-pressure SEM or field-emission gun instrument may be more advantageous. If higher resolutions are required for a considerable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... bimodal microstructure were recommended. Ceramic coatings Sintering (powder metallurgy) Surgical implants Ti-6Al-4V ELI UNS R56407 Fatigue fracture Selected Reference • Pohler O.E.M. , Failures of Metallic Orthopedic Implants , Failure Analysis and Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) is the general term given to the material damage accumulation process that occurs with simultaneous changes in temperature and mechanical loading. TMF may couple cyclic inelastic deformation accumulation, temperature-assisted diffusion within the material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... material-removal rate during the repetitive impact of ceramics ( Fig. 18 ). In dry conditions, as described earlier, extensive fracture and growth of cracks is promoted along grain boundaries. In humid conditions, fracture only happens on a small scale due to the occurrence of crack-arrest mechanisms, and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Silicon Carbide Materials in Metallurgical Heat-Treatment Environments , Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. , Vol 71 , 1992 , p 1683 77. Wuchina E.J. and Opeka M.M. , Oxidation of Hf-Base Ceramics , High Temperature Corrosion and Materials Chemistry: Proceedings of the Per Kofstad Memorial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Cambridge , 1987 , p 74-1 to 74-8 26. Wellman R.G. and Allen C. , The Effects of Angle of Impact and Materials Properties on the Erosion Rates of Ceramics , Wear , Vol 186–187 , 1995 , p 117 – 122 10.1016/0043-1648(95)07130-X 27. Dapkunas S.J. , A Summary of Erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the different phases also can have an influence on the cavitation mechanism. Fig. 2 Wear surface by cavitation of copper-base alloy in a lubricated gearbox. Courtesy of CETIM Brittle failure mechanism is exhibited by materials such as ceramics and plexiglass that have a weak...