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casting pores

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A commercial hybrid-iron golf club fractured during normal use. The club fractured through its cast aluminum alloy hosel. Optical analysis revealed casting pores through 20% of the hosel thickness. Mechanical properties were determined from characterization results, then used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Metallurgical examination of the crack origin revealed that casting pores played a role in initiating the crack. Stress components, identified by finite element analysis, also played a role, particularly the stresses imposed by the bolt assembly leading to plastic strain. It was concluded that the failure can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... housing assembly revealed tensile properties well below the allowable design values. Radiology and CT evaluations revealed no casting defects. Optical microscopy revealed porosity uniformly distributed throughout the casting on the order of 0.1 mm pore diam. Scanning electron microscopy revealed elongated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of the cracks. Because the die cast brass was alloyed with aluminum, these inclusions consisted predominantly of aluminum oxide. The tolerable limit in pores and oxide inclusions was greatly exceeded in the lift disk under examination. Above all, the numerous oxide skins disrupted the cohesion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001202
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in Fig. 5 . On the left marked ← cavitation pits can be seen on the internal surface of the front wall and on the right marked ↘ casting pores in the region corresponding to Fig. 4 . It should be mentioned here that even when the specimens were cut carefully with a water cooled cutting wheel the stem...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001641
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... performed metallographic evaluations that showed blemishes at the same locations as the underlying pores. In addition, a theoretical foundation can be used to demonstrate how the pores can cause blemishes on the plated surfaces. The plating process requires that the castings be immersed in several liquid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of surface defects on sample SEM 1. (a) Intersection of pores with surface and dendritic structure.(b)Higher-magnification view of dendrites. Another casting defect, shown as a cavity in Fig. 3(a) , also has a dendritic appearance. This defect is seen in Fig. 1 , indicated by the arrow labeled Y...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... There are several material factors that impact fatigue endurance. The HCF life is relatively sensitive to material defects, such as casting pores, inclusions, forging laps, and preexisting cracks, especially when they are present at the surface. Oxidation or corrosion not only can aid in HCF crack propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a casting practice that eliminates such discontinuities at minimum cost. Porosity Porosity is a common defect (imperfection) in castings and takes many forms. Pores may be connected to the surface, where they can be detected by dye-penetrant techniques, or they may be wholly internal, where...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... The upper end of the riser is welded to a large tube which combines the product from nine risers and transfers it to the next stage of the process. Fig. 1 Schematic arrangement of the tubing showing where cracks originated in service. The riser is centrifugally cast from a high alloy steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... of the distal fragment. Gas pores are apparent in the grain and at the grain boundaries were revealed by a transverse section. Fine parallel line structures that run diagonally through the fractograph may be slip traces were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. One of the cracks was revealed to have...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract An investigation of wear and failure of babbitt bushes was completed in this study. The results showed that wear at dry sliding of babbitt obtained by plasma spraying was less than that of babbitt in the as-cast state and after a deformation heat treatment. The failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... main types of metal AM processes: powder-bed fusion (PBF) and directed-energy deposition (DED). These two types of metal AM technology are fusion-based processes with similarities to fusion welding ( Ref 9 ) or, in some cases, a cross between welding and cast product ( Ref 10 ). The metallurgical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... defect. However, the second stage of the forging revealed a large central defect. In the third or final stage the defect was in the form of a lateral crack near the transition of shank and disc. Several pits/pores were observed in the first stage preform of the forging after the sectioned surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A new supplier for aluminum die castings was being evaluated, and the castings failed to meet the durability test requirements. Specifically, the fatigue life of the castings was low. Initial inspection of the fatigue fracture surfaces revealed large-scale porosity visible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Two investment-cast A356 aluminum alloy actuators used for handles on passenger doors of commercial aircraft fractured during torquing at less than the design load. Visual examination showed that cracking had occurred through a machined side hole. Fractography revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract Chain link, a part of a mechanism for transferring hot or cold steel blooms into and out of a reheating furnace, broke after approximately four months of service. The link was cast from 2% Cr austenitic manganese steel and was subjected to repeated heating to temperatures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of different thicknesses and different qualities, delimiting large zones, with variable constraints from one zone to another. The first problem is then one of continuity in the lining; when using bricks of various shapes, the gaps between bricks act as very large pores at the scale of the lining. The use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...International classification of common casting defects Table 1 International classification of common casting defects No. Description Common name Sketch Metallic Projections A 100 Metallic projections in the form of fins or flash A 110 Metallic projections...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... implant materials: Stainless steel: ASTM F 55-82, ASTM F 56-82, ASTM F 138-82, ASTM F 139-82 (contains remelted Special Quality), ISO/DIS 5832/1 (1986) Unalloyed titanium: ASTM F 67-83, ISO 5832/II (1984) Titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V ELI: ASTM F 136-79, ISO 5832/III (1978) Cast cobalt...