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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract In the EMD-2 Joint Directed Attack Munition (JDAM), the A357 aluminum alloy housing had been redesigned and cast via permanent mold casting, but did not meet the design strength requirements of the previous design. Mechanical tests on thick and thin sections of the forward housing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... that some copper was accidentally left in the mold when the casting was poured. Liquid copper, carrying with it oxygen in solution, penetrated the austenite grain boundaries as the steel cooled. The oxygen reacted with the steel producing a network of scale outlining the austenite grain structure. When...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A fan support casting failed unexpectedly while running at 1800 rpm in pulp at 65 deg C (150 deg F). The leading edge of the blade exhibited deep spongy holes leading to reduced section and finally to fracture of the part when the remaining section size was insufficient to support...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0089617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A forged 4130 steel cylindrical permanent mold, used for centrifugal casting of gray- and ductile-iron pipe, was examined after pulling of the pipe became increasingly difficult. In operation, the mold rotated at a predetermined speed in a centrifugal casting machine while the molten...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract In a steel foundry, tensile and bend specimens of castings made in a 2-ton basic arc furnace showed, at irregular intervals, regions with coarse-grained fractures where the specimens broke prematurely, so that the specified strength and toughness values could not be reached. Several...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting process, casting material, and design with examples. The casting processes discussed include gravity die casting, pressure die casting, semisolid casting, squeeze casting, and centrifugal casting. Cast...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A cast housing, part of a multi-shaft yoking mechanism, failed during assembly and installation of the equipment in which it was to be used. The housing, or yoke body, was cast from AISI 420 grade ferritic stainless steel. Analysis revealed that the failure was caused by the presence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0089543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... Bone screws Casting defects Screws Surgical implants ASTM F75 Casting-related failures Portions of the threads of the screw shown in Fig. 1(a) had broken off, and other threads had cracked. The screw was made from a cast Co-Cr-Mo alloy. A longitudinal section through the screw revealed gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001120
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A segment from a premium-quality H13 tool steel die for die casting of aluminum failed after only 700 shots. The segment was subjected to visual, macroscopic, hardness, and metallographic testing. The investigation revealed that failure occurred as a result of fatigue at an electrical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A femoral knee implant was returned to the casting vendor for analysis after exhibiting poor bond strength between the cast substrate and a sintered porous coating. Both the coating and the substrate were manufactured from a cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy. Metallographic analysis...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Microstructures of the fractured door-closer cylinder casting. (a) Casting showing types B and D graphite. Fracture is at top, and outside surface is at left. As-polished. 100x. (b) Pearlite/ferrite microstructure of casting containing about 70% ferrite. Etched with nital. 400x. (c More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The information provided in this article is intended for those individuals who want to determine why a casting component failed to perform its intended purpose. It is also intended to provide insights for potential casting applications so that the likelihood of failure to perform...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Internal discontinuities in a tire-mold casting. (a) Stringer-type inclusions adjacent to the surface. As-polished. (b) Structure below the surface. Note the change in graphite shape. Unetched. (c) Ferrite matrix with degenerate vermicular graphite nodules. Etched with 2% nital. All More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 Redesign of a casting to avoid waterfalling. (a) In this design, waterfalling results when casting is filled from the bottom. (b) Improved design provides a path for the metal to follow as it fills the mold. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 16 Close-up views of surface casting defects on a paper-drier head. (a) At the 12 o'clock position. (b) At the 9 o'clock position, with arrow indicating a surface defect. (c) At the 6 o'clock position. All approximately 0.2× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 21 General classification of shape-casting processes. Source: Ref 30 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 24 SEM images from fracture surface of aluminum die casting. (a) 20.5×. (b) Shrinkage pores visible as dendritic structure. 164×. (c) View showing gas pore and intercellular fracture. 410×. (d) Mixture of gas (smooth, spherical) pores and shrinkage pores. 410× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 30 Permanent mold of 4130 steel for centrifugal casting of gray- and ductile-iron pipe that failed because of localized overheating. The failure was caused by splashing of molten metal at the spigot end. Subsequent overheating resulted in mold-wall spalling and scoring, details of which More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 33 Gray-iron cylinder block that cracked due to casting stresses. (a) External view. (b) Internal view showing crack site (arrow). 0.25×. Source: Ref 11 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 59 Crack (arrows) in casting that developed during torque testing. ∼1.1× More