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cast iron metallurgy

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract Failure analysis of a mobile harbor crane wheel hub that included SEM and EDS analyses demonstrated that the mechanism of failure was fatigue. The wheel hub was a ductile cast iron component that had been subjected to cyclic loading during a ten-year service period...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001665
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
.... , “Metallurgy and Mechanics of Hot Tearinq,” Trans. Amer. Foundrymen's Society , Vol. 60 , pp. 818 – 833 ( 1952 ). 5. Briggs C. W. , The Metallurgy of Steel Castings , McGraw-Hill Book Company ( 1946 ). 6. Genders R. , “The Penetration of Mild Steel by Brazing Solder and Other...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract A 25.4 cm (10 in.) diam gray cast iron water main pipe was buried in the soil beneath a concrete slab. The installation was believed to have been completed in the early 20th century. A leak from the pipe resulted in flooding of a warehouse. Once removed, the pipe revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to the extensive internal “notching” provided by the crack-like voids, which may be considered similar in their effect on ductility to the graphite flakes in gray cast iron. The cause of the embrittlement, then, is not so much the absorption of hydrogen as the formation of the crack-like voids. Evidence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... must possess both high toughness and excellent wear resistance [ 2 ]. While pearlitic white cast iron, martensitic cast iron, and austenitic manganese steel are all abrasion-resistant materials, martensitic cast irons may wear more slowly than the other materials under heavy blows or high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... J.E. (ed.): Chapter 8: properties of commercial casting alloys . In: Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy , pp. 338 , 347 . ASM , Metal Park, OH ( 1984 ) 4. Mehl R.F. , Bankard M.H. , Federico A.M. , Fortin P.E. : Microstructure of aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A microstructural analysis has been made of a burner nozzle removed from service in a coal gasification plant. The nozzle was a casting of a Co-29wt%Cr-19wt%Fe alloy. Extensive hot corrosion had occurred on the surface. There was penetration along grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Architects, 26 March 1996 . 5. A Technical Survey of the Colville Group of Companies , McLeod A. and Cleal D. , ed., Iron & Coal Trades Review , London, England , 1957 , pp. 6 – 7 , 34–47, 48–55, 96–99. 6. Bringham R.J. and Lafreniere Y.A. : Titanic Specimens...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the as-cast surface region and associated as-quenched martensitic layer. Cavity surfaces must be stoned or ground, then tempered to prevent such failures. A classic example of a failure due to improper EDM technique is shown in Fig. 7 and 8 . Figure 7 shows four 3.2-mm ( 1 8 -in.) diam EDM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... depending on the component geometry. Mechanical conditions and metallurgical features can influence the appearance of MVC. Examples are shown for a ferritic steel ( Fig. 1a ), ductile iron ( Fig. 1b ), and cast titanium alloy ( Fig. 1c ). The dimple features are evident in equiaxed form for tensile loading...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... high, a final transition into severe wear by asperity melting takes place. Fig. 6 Dry sliding wear maps. (a) Steels. Source: Ref 5 , 17 . (b) 7071 aluminum alloy sliding against AISI 32100 steel. Source: Ref 18 . (c) Low-metallic-friction material sliding against pearlitic cast iron. Source...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discoloration along the bottom of the pipe. (c) Cross section of pipe wall through the perforation. The sample was etched in ASTM 89 reagent to delineate the microstructure. Uniform wall thickness is approximately 2.9 mm (0.11 in.). 5×. Courtesy of S.R. Freeman, Millennium Metallurgy, Ltd. Fig. 3 View...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ), ductile iron ( Fig. 1b ), and cast titanium alloy ( Fig. 1c ). The dimple features are evident in equiaxed form for tensile loading ( Fig. 1a and b ). Parabolic shear dimples occur from torsional loading ( Fig. 1c ) or from mode II (in-plane) shear. However, metallic materials can behave in a ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H. , Tribology , Elsevier Science...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Metallic Materials , Z. Metallkd. , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... If the hydrogen content of the molten steel exceeds the solubility limit of hydrogen in solid iron, the hydrogen will be rejected during solidification, and this leads to pinhole formation and porosity in steel. Just a few parts per million (ppm) of hydrogen dissolved in steel can cause hairline cracks (flakes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... K01201 Introduction Material and Procedure Results Discussion Conclusion References References 1. Larson T.E. , Skold R.V. : Laboratory studies relating mineral water quality to corrosion of steel and cast irons . Corrosion 14 , 285 – 288 ( 1958 ) 10.5006/0010...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Conductivity Metallography Tensile Testing Fatigue Testing Fractography TEM Analysis Shot Peening Analysis Residual Stress Discussion Conclusion Recommendations Acknowledgments References References 1. Aluminum: Properties and Physical Metallurgy , Hatch J. E...