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cast iron classifications

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... molds. It presents the international classification of common casting defects in a tabular form. austenitic steels cast aluminum alloys cast iron casting casting defects casting design castings centrifugal casting corrosion-resistant castings discontinuities ductile iron gravity die...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of Metallic Materials , Z. Metallkd. , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Vol 69 , 1978 , p 643 – 650 26. Zum Gahr K.-H. and Doane D.V. , Optimizing Fracture Toughness and Abrasion Resistance in White Cast Irons , Metall. Trans. A , Vol 11 , 1980 , p 613 – 620 10.1007/BF02670698 27. Czichos H. , Tribology , Elsevier Science...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... high, a final transition into severe wear by asperity melting takes place. Fig. 6 Dry sliding wear maps. (a) Steels. Source: Ref 5 , 17 . (b) 7071 aluminum alloy sliding against AISI 32100 steel. Source: Ref 18 . (c) Low-metallic-friction material sliding against pearlitic cast iron. Source...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The turbine vanes as stationary hot parts are not subjected to centrifugal loads and can be made of high-strength-cast cobalt-based superalloys. Cobalt-based superalloys such as FSX 414 show good resistance to hot corrosion and good weldability. Iron–nickel-based superalloys, e.g., Inconel 718 are typically...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For this reason, thin layers of babbitt are often applied to hacking materials, such as bronze, steel, or cast iron. Copper-lead bearing alloys usually contain between 20 and 30% Pb, up to 3% Sn, and may contain up to 5.5% Ag and less than 0.1% Zn. Typical alloys are SAE 48, 49, 480, and 481 (CDA alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... service-run cast IN-738 nickel-base superalloy gas turbine blades ( Fig. 1 ). Fractographic examination of a fracture surface using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) revealed an intergranular crack surface at the trailing edge ( Fig. 2 ). Comparison with images in an atlas of fracture features taken from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract Plastics or polymers are used in a variety of engineering and nonengineering applications where they are subjected to surface damage and wear. This article discusses the classification of polymer wear mechanisms based on the methodologies of defining the types of wear...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... critical temperature (Ac 3 ). If, however, the tube temperature was high enough to transform the iron in the steel from ferrite to austenite, there is no noticeable “necking down,” or reduction, in wall thickness of the fracture edges. There is still metal elongation and tube swelling, so that measurement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... classifications of wire rope<xref rid="n0010060" ref-type="table-fn">(a)</xref> Table 2 Allowable pressures on sheaves of three materials for various classifications of wire rope (a) Rope classification Allowable pressures on sheaves made of: Cast iron Cast steel 11-13Mn steel Mpa psi Mpa...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 300–400 0.48–0.54 T M Titanium alloys 315 600 0.3 T M Low-alloy steels 370 700 0.36 T M Austenitic, iron-base, heat-resisting alloys 540 1000 0.49 T M Nickel- and cobalt-base heat-resisting alloys 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the component Tool and die setup: Alignment must be precise to avoid irregular, excessive stresses that will accelerate wear or cause cracking Tool and die operation: Overloading must be avoided to ensure achievement of the desired component life The above classification of factors, while...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of local discoloration at the contacting surfaces, there being a reddish color with the products of fretting on steel or cast iron surfaces and blackish stains on aluminum alloys. A major risk when fretting occurs is the development of surface cracks that might then grow by fatigue. Energy-Dispersive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxidation. A telltale sign of fretting in materials that oxidize is the development of local discoloration at the contacting surfaces, there being a reddish color with the products of fretting on steel or cast iron surfaces and blackish stains on aluminum alloys. A major risk when fretting occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... year in a refinery vessel. 1.5× Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the classification of hydrogen damage. Some specific types of the damage are hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen, hydrogen attack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., such as magnesium or zinc, may be introduced into the galvanic assembly. The most active member will corrode while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preferentially while providing cathodic protection to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 1992 , p 339 – 386 10.1016/0308-0161(92)90121-U 24. Metzger M. and Seifert T. , A Mechanism-Based Model of LCF/HCF and TMF/HCF Life Prediction: Multiaxial Formulation, Finite-Element Implementation and Application to Cast Iron , Tech. Mech. , Vol 32 , 2012 , p 435 – 445 25...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (distortion) of the stainless steel piping and further crack penetration into the piping wall. The cracks continued to propagate during service from stresses induced in the piping. In another case, a transfer line carrying 73% sodium hydroxide developed a leak at a weld joining a cast Monel coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , 1987 , p 283 – 290 5. Vander Voort G.F. , Embrittlement of Steels , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , p 689 – 736 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001039 6. Viswanathan R. and Jaffie R.I...