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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract An air system on a marine platform unexpectedly shut down due to the failure of a union nut, which led to an investigation to quantify the material limitations of bronze alloys in corrosive marine environments. The study focused on two alloys: Al-Si bronze, as used in the failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A cast silicon bronze (UNS C86700) impeller that had been severely corroded was submitted for failure analysis. The failed part was used to pump potable water, but service life and chlorine content of the water were unknown. The impeller displayed a Cu-rich red phase on its surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A brackish water pump impeller was replaced after four years of service, while its predecessor lasted over 40 years. The subsequent failure investigation determined that the nickel-aluminum bronze impeller was not properly heat treated, which made the impeller susceptible to aluminum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract Electrical contact-finger retainers blanked and formed from annealed copper alloy C65500 (high-silicon bronze A) failed prematurely by cracking while in service in switchgear aboard seagoing vessels. In this service they were sheltered from the weather but subject to indirect exposure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Failures of various types of hydraulic couplings used to connect pipes in a naval vessel are described and used to illustrate some of the general procedures for failure analysis. Cracking of couplings, which were manufactured from nickel-aluminum- bronze extruded bar, occurred in both...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A copper alloy C51000 (phosphor bronze, 5%A) failed prematurely during life testing of several such springs. The wire used for the springs was 0.46 mm (0.018 in.) in diam and was in the spring-temper condition. The springs were revealed to be subjected to cyclic loading...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0090943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract A very large diameter worm gear that had been in service in a dam for more than 60 years exhibited cracks and was removed. It was reported that the high-strength, low-ductility cast bronze gear was only rarely stressed during service, associated with infrequent opening and closing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Failure of three C22000 commercial bronze rupture discs was caused by mercury embrittlement. The discs were part of flammable gas cylinder safety devices designed to fail in a ductile mode when cylinders experience higher than design pressures. The subject discs failed prematurely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Various aluminum bronze valves and fittings on the essential cooling water system at a nuclear plant were found to be leaking. The leakage was limited to small-bore socket-welded components. Four specimens were examined: three castings (an ASME SB-148 CA 952 elbow from a small-bore...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract This paper describes an investigation on the failure of a large leaded bronze bearing that supports a nine-ton roller of a plastic calendering machine. At the end of the normal service life of a good bearing, which lasted for seven years, a new bearing was installed. However the new...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046414
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Two water pumps were taken out of service because of reduced output. Visual inspection revealed considerable material loss in both impellers, which were 25.4 cm (10 in.) in diam x 1.3 cm (0.5 in.) wide and made from a cast bronze alloy. Several similar water pumps operating under...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Overload failure of a bronze worm gear ( example 4 ). (a) An opened crack is shown with a repair weld, a remaining casting flaw, and cracking in the base metal. (b) Electron image of decohesive rupture in the fine-grain weld metal. Scanning electron micrograph. 119×. (c) Morphology More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 43 Dealuminification of a cast aluminum bronze furnace electrode pressure ring exposed to recirculating cooling water (pH = 7.8 to 8.3, conductivity = 1000 to 1100 μS). The preferentially attacked γ phase left behind a residue of copper (darkened regions in eutectoid and along grain More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 9 Silicon bronze contact-finger retainer that failed from SCC in shipboard service. (a) Overall view of retainer showing cracking in corner (arrow). (b) Specimen taken from failure region showing secondary cracks (arrows). Etched with equal parts NH 4 OH and H 2 O 2 . 250× More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 2 Mercury-induced embrittlement of bronze rupture discs. (a) Premature, atypical rupture of a rupture disc. (b) SEM fractograph of a failed rupture disc, showing intergranular crack propagation. 554×. Source: Ref 11 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 Phosphor bronze (C51000) spring that failed prematurely during fatigue testing. Failure was due to the presence of a tool mark (indentation) at a bend. (a) Setup for fatigue testing, and detail of the spring showing location of crack at bend 2. (b) A broken end of the spring, 40 More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Silicon bronze contact-finger retainer that failed from SCC in shipboard service. (a) Overall view of retainer showing cracking in corner (arrow). (b) Specimen taken from failure region showing secondary cracks (arrows). Etched with equal parts NH 4 OH and H 2 O 2 . 250× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Phosphor bronze (C51000) spring that failed prematurely during fatigue testing. Failure was due to the presence of a tool mark (indentation) at a bend. (a) Setup for fatigue testing, and detail of the spring showing location of crack at bend 2. (b) A broken end of the spring, 40 More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 5 Fatigue fracture with penetration of bearing bronze. Unetched section. 500 × More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Overload failure of a bronze worm gear. (a) An opened crack is shown with a repair weld, a remaining casting flaw, and cracking in the base metal. (b) Electron image of decohesive rupture in the fine-grain weld metal. Scanning electron micrograph. 119×. (c) Morphology in the large-grain More