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brittle materials

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A plastic bracket exhibited relatively brittle material properties, which ultimately led to catastrophic failure. The part had been injection molded from a medium-viscosity polycarbonate resin and had been in service for a short duration prior to the failure. Investigation (visual...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Rivets from the longitudinal seam of the terminal shell ring of a 12 year old Lancashire boiler broke off easily during examination. Cleavage fractures indicated a brittle material. Microstructure of a sectioned rivet head was typical of a normal rimming steel except the ferrite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of the shaft. In the case of this shaft, a solution would have been to machine the core of the shaft to remove the brittle material or to use a tubular shaft. Forgings Shafts (power) Tankers (waterborne) Ultrasonic testing Low-carbon steel Fatigue fracture An LNG tanker experienced a fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article considers two mechanisms of cavitation failure: those for ductile materials and those for brittle materials. It examines the different stages of cavitation erosion. The article explains various cavitation failures including cavitation in bearings, centrifugal pumps...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of industries. This article describes the processes involved in erosion of ductile materials, brittle materials, and elastomers. Some examples of erosive wear failures are given on abrasive erosion, liquid impingement erosion, cavitation, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the article provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials with the aid of models and equations. It presents three examples of erosive wear failures, namely, abrasive erosion, erosion-corrosion, and cavitation erosion. abrasive erosion brittle materials cavitation erosion ductile materials erosion erosion corrosion EROSION...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 70 Brittle fracture in a 4150 steel. Material has been isothermally transformed at 300 °C (570 °F) from a Charpy V-notched specimen fractured at room temperature. Brittle fracture facets within larger regions, which were probably prior austenite grains. Source: Ref 30 More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 Free-body diagrams showing orientation of normal stresses and shear stresses in a shaft and the single-overload fracture behavior of ductile and brittle materials. (a) Under simple tension. (b) Under torsion. (c) Under compression loading More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 1 Free-body diagrams showing orientation of normal stresses and shear stresses in a shaft and the single-overload fracture behavior of ductile and brittle materials. (a) Under simple tension. (b) Under torsion. (c) Under compression loading. See text for discussion More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
..., which was within the specified range. Conclusions The shafts failed by brittle fracture because of deep seams produced during processing of the steel. The seams acted as stress raisers during induction hardening. Recommendations Specifications should require that the shaft material be free...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... f ) of about 2, creating a notch effect and enhancing crack mechanisms, particularly in brittle materials. Steel strip thicknesses were between 0.42 and 0.44 mm (0.0165 and 0.0175 in.) thick, plated with zinc. Testing Procedure and Results Metallography The plating on the sheet steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... The material specified for the coupling was ASTM A 582 416 martensitic stainless steel. Visual Examination of General Physical Features A general view of the fractured coupling is shown in Fig. 3 . The spiral shape of the crack path indicated that the fracture was brittle. This was also confirmed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-induced untempered martensite can form at the striking surface, particularly under the chamfer. This envelope of brittle material can fracture explosively, expelling a chip either as the result of a tensile wave reflected back from the free surface of the hammer head or by a shock wave caused...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rapid crack growth by ductile or brittle cracking; more progressive (subcritical) forms involve crack growth by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... It was thus concluded that the failure probably originated from fast fracture of brittle material. Metallography Microstructural Analysis A section through the inner girth weld was extracted, mounted, and prepared metallographically for microstructural examination and a microhardness survey across...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Overload failures refer to the ductile or brittle fracture of a material when stresses exceed the load-bearing capacity of a material. This article reviews some mechanistic aspects of ductile and brittle crack propagation, including a discussion on mixed-mode cracking, which may also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... OVERLOAD FAILURES, from the perspective of materials failure analysts, refer to the ductile or brittle fracture of a material when stresses exceed the load-bearing capacity of the material from either excessive applied stress or degradation of the load-bearing capacity of the material from damage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a brief summary of historical failures that were found to be a result of brittle fracture, and describes key components that drive susceptibility to a brittle fracture failure, namely stress, material toughness, and cracklike defect. It also presents industry codes and standards that assess susceptibility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090971
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... overload fracture due to excessive iron-zinc phase and gross porosity. These conditions acted synergistically to reduce the strength of the material. The composition was nonstandard, and the inherent brittleness suggested that it was unlikely that this material was an intentional proprietary alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or deformation twinning. The microscale brittle fracture mechanism is by cleavage. Thus, in metallic materials, slip and twinning deformation processes compete with the brittle fracture process of cleavage. All mechanisms may not operate in a given lattice (material), and the activation of a given mechanism...