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bridge failures

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article provides the framework for the investigation of bridge failures. It explains the types of bridge loading and presents the regulatory provisions for bridges. Some bridge failures in the U.S. that resulted in significant changes in bridge manufacturing, design, regulation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... plates, multiple-girder diaphragm connection plate, and tied-arch floor beams. bridge distortion fatigue strength floor-beam-girder connection plates multiple-girder diaphragm connection plate tied-arch floor beams welds FROM 1960 TO 1986, a number of localized failures developed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract The century-old Harvard bridge spans the Charles River between Boston and Cambridge. About half of the 23 spans are suspended by wrought iron eyebars. Recent failures of some of these eyebars were examined. The primary cause of failure was the seizure of the joints at the eyebar pin...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to raise bridge components into position) applied the stresses in the critical radius that triggered the cracking. Crack Location Figure 1 shows the arch rib top plate as it meets the main girder, a composite beam of A588/A36 composition. The junction piece in which the failure initiated...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 7 Sequence of pin-and-hanger assembly failure in the Mianus bridge collapse. Source: Ref 17 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.9781627082198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A catastrophic brittle fracture occurred in a welded steel (ASTM A517 grade H) trapezoidal cross-section box girder while the concrete deck of a large bridge was being poured. The failure occurred across the full width of a 57 mm (2 1 4 in.) thick, 760 mm (30 in.) wide flange...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... dispersion that were visible indicated a forging defect. Fig. 1 Surface burning that initiated fracture in the web of a crane-bridge wheel forged from 1055 steel. Etched with 2% nital. Approximately 35x Conclusions Failure occurred because of surface burning during the forging operation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... conditions; whereas, the nonsegregated plates would fail in a ductile manner. It took a much greater, dynamic level to cause failure in the non-segregated plate because of the lower notch sensitivity and yielding that would occur. High strain rate testing on the bridge samples is of interest to us...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... equipment in three categories: cranes and bridges, attachments used for direct lifting, and built-in members of lifting equipment. It first reviews the mechanisms, origins, and investigation of failures. Then the article describes the materials used for lifting equipment, followed by a section explaining...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0089530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...-related failures A sand-cast steel eye connector ( Fig. 1a ) used to link together two 54,430 kg (120,000 lb) capacity floating-bridge pontoons broke prematurely in service. The pontoons were coupled by upper and lower eye and clevis connectors that were pinned together. Fig. 1 Sand-cast low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A bridge wheel from a 272,160 kg stripper crane fractured in the web near the rim after one year of service. The wheel was forged from 1055 steel, and the tread, hub faces, and hub bore were machined. Beach marks indicative of fatigue at ten locations were revealed by macroscopic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract Locked coil wire ropes, by virtue of their unique design and construction, have specialized applications in aerial ropeways, mine hoist installations, suspension bridge cables, and so forth. In such specialty ropes, the outer layer is constructed of Z-profile wires that provide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that bridged a wide gap. The most probable cause of failure was improper preheat during welding. Agricultural equipment Fillet welds 4140 UNS G41400 Joining-related failures Fatigue fracture Background The 4140 steel steering spindle on a tricycle agricultural field chemical applicator...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001588
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract On 23 Dec 1997, a portion of the main ore conveyor at a large mine collapsed onto a highway and shut down mine operations. The conveyor structure that collapsed was supported by a steel truss spanning 185 ft. Truss failure occurred just as the conveyor transport rate was increased...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms and common causes of failure of metal components in lifting equipment in the following three categories: cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service; attachments used for direct lifting, such as hooks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001600
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract This paper summarizes the results of a failure analysis investigation of a fractured main support bridge made of 7075 aluminum alloy from an army helicopter. The part, manufactured by “Contractor IT,” failed component fatigue testing while those of the original equipment manufacturer...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 3 Effects of fiber, matrix, and their bonding strength and resistance of failure mechanisms. (a) Fiber bridging, (b) fiber/ matrix debonding, and (c) fiber pulling-out and fracture More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Galvanized steels Suspension bridges Wire products Galvanized steel Surface treatment related failures Hydrogen damage and embrittlement During construction of a river bridge with 80 twisted cables, one or more fractures were found in each of 21 wires of 18 cables before assembly, All were located...